Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Chronology from 1945 to 1970

1943–1957 – period of Archers Film Productions (Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger Productions), a production company

12 September 1943 – Mussolini rescued from his prison at the Hotel Campo Imperatore in the Gran Sasso raid on by a special Fallschirmjäger (paratroopers) unit and Waffen-SS commandos led by Major Otto-Harald Mors; Otto Skorzeny was also present

September 1943–May 1945 – the Italian Social Republic (Republic of Salò) based in Salò, Lake Garda, near Brescia

1944
9 June 1944 – UK release date of the film The Way Ahead, directed by Carol Reed, starring David Niven, Stanley Holloway, William Hartnell

1945
1945–1950 – George Shackle at the Economic Section of the Cabinet Office

1945 – Karl Popper publishes The Open Society and Its Enemies

1945–c. April 1952 – John Cairncross returns to work at the Treasury in the Ministry of Supply

1945 – Bertrand Russell’s A History of Western Philosophy is published by Allen & Unwin

1945–1969 – Ludwig von Mises is a visiting professor at New York University

April 1945–2 December 1947 – Kenneth Williams in India, Ceylon and Singapore on military service

28 April 1945 – the execution of Mussolini in the Clara Petacci in the village of Giulino di Mezzegra near Lake Como

7 May 1945 – SHAEF headquarters in Rheims the Allies accepted Germany’s surrender

8 May 1945 – Victory in Europe Day

June 1945–c. 5 June 1959 – J. R. R. Tolkien is Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and a Fellow at Merton College, Oxford

25 June 1945–9 November 1951 – Einar Gerhardsen is Prime Minister of Norway (Labour Party)

c. July 1945–1950 – George Shackle at the Economic Section of the Cabinet Office under James Meade

5 July 1945 – United Kingdom general election of 1945; some polls in some constituencies delayed until 12 July and in Nelson and Colne until 19 July, because of local wakes weeks:
Party | Leader | Seats | Vote
Labour | Clement Attlee | 393 | 47.7%
Conservative | Winston Churchill | 197 | 36.2%
Liberal | Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt | 12 | 9.0%
Liberal National | Ernest Brown | 11 | 2.9%
Communist | Harry Pollitt | 2 | 0.4
13 July 1945–19 December 1949 – Ben Chifley (Joseph Benedict Chifley) is Prime Minister of Australia (Labour)

17 July–2 August 1945 – Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany

26 July 1945 – United Kingdom general election results counted and declared on 26 July owing in part to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas

26 July 1945 – Churchill resigns as British Prime Minister

26 July 1945–26 October 1951 – Clement Attlee as British Prime Minister

15 August 1945 – Emperor Hirohito issues a radio broadcast announcing the Surrender of Japan

17 August 1945 – George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) publishes Animal Farm: A Fairy Story in Britain; on 26 August 1946 in the US

2 September 1945 – The Japanese Instrument of Surrender is signed on the deck of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay

2 September 1945 – formal end of WWII

5 September 1945 – Singapore is officially liberated by British and Indian troops

9 September 1945 – Japanese troops in China formally surrender, end of the Second Sino-Japanese War

October 1945–c. August 1946 – A. J. Ayer is tutorial fellow at Wadham college, Oxford

24 October 1945 – the United Nations officially comes into existence on the ratification of the UN Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council (France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the UK and the US) and a majority of the other 46 signatories

22 December 1945 – death of Otto Neurath in Britain

1945–1955 – fictional date of the film The Godfather (1972), directed by Francis Ford Coppola, starring Marlon Brando, Al Pacino, James Caan

1946
1946 – Ernst Badian completes degree at Canterbury University College:
c. 1940–1944 – BA in Classics
1945 – MA in French
1946 – MA in Latin
1946 – Christopher Lee retires from the RAF

5 January 1946 – Karl Popper arrives back in England from New Zealand

January 1946–January 1949 – Karl Popper a reader in logic and scientific method at the London School of Economics

6 January 1946 – the first meeting of the UN General Assembly (with 51 nations present) and the Security Council takes place in London (the General Assembly selected New York City as the site for the headquarters of the United Nations; the facility was completed in 1952)

15 January 1946–January 1952 – Heinrich Harrer in Tibet

20 January 1946 – de Gaulle abruptly resigned

23 February–August 1946 – creation and filming of Black Narcissus:
23 February–3 May 1946 – production stills and sketches created
16 May–22 August 1946 – principal photography for Black Narcissus at Pinewood Studios, with Palace of Mopu set constructed and filmed at Pinewood, with Leonardslee gardens, Horsham, West Sussex, used as the valley below Mopu
5 March 1946 – Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri

21 April 1946 – John Maynard Keynes dies at his home Tilton in Firle, Sussex

24 April 1946 – cremation of John Maynard Keynes in Brighton; his ashes were scattered on the Downs above Tilton

2 May 1946 – a memorial service held at Westminster Abbey for John Maynard Keynes

June 1946–16 December 1965 – W. Somerset Maugham lives in Villa Mauresque, Cap Ferrat, French Riviera

4 June 1946–21 September 1955 – Juan Perón is President of Argentina

7 June 1946 – BBC television re-opens after the war

22 July 1946 – release date of the film Beware of Pity, starring Lilli Palmer, Albert Lieven and Cedric Hardwicke

10 July 1946–17 August 1953 – Alcide De Gasperi is Prime Minister of Italy

c. August 1946–c. September 1959 – A. J. Ayer is Grote Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic in the University College London

13 August 1946 – death of H. G. Wells

11 October 1946–14 October 1969 – Tage Erlander is Prime Minister of Sweden (Social Democrat)

25 October 1946 – Karl Popper debates Wittgenstein at the Morals Sciences Club in Cambridge, with Bertrand Russell present

December 1946–October 1948 – Guy Burgess becomes additional private secretary Hector McNeil, Minister of State at the Foreign Office

20 December 1946 – release date of Frank Capra’s film It’s a Wonderful Life

25 December 1946 – Sid James arrived in London

1947
1947–1948 – Ernst Badian is Junior lecturer in classics, Victoria University, New Zealand

1947–1982 – Eric Hobsbawm at Birkbeck College, London, as lecturer in history 1947–1959; reader 1959; professor 1970

January 1947–18 April 1958 – Ezra Pound held in St. Elizabeths Hospital, Chestnut Ward, US

February 1947 – Kim Philby appointed head of British intelligence for Turkey, and First Secretary at the British Consulate

10 April 1947 – creation of The Mont Pelerin Society at a conference organized by Friedrich Hayek at Mont Pèlerin, the Swiss resort

26 May 1947 – release date of the film Black Narcissus, starring Deborah Kerr

c. June 1947–c. September 1949 – Nicholas Kaldor is Director of the UN Research Commission for Europe at Geneva

c. June 1947 – Nicholas Kaldor resigned from the LSE

July 1947–1953 – Karl Polanyi teaches at Columbia University as Professor of Economics in New York; he retired in 1953:
November 1933 – Karl Polanyi moves to London from Vienna (his wife follows him in 1936)
November 1933–c. August 1940 – Karl Polanyi lives in England
August 1940–1943 – Karl Polanyi teaches at Bennington College in Vermont
July 1947–1953 – Karl Polanyi at Columbia University as Professor of Economics in New York
1953–23 April 1964 – Karl Polanyi lives in Pickering, Ontario, Canada
18 July 1947 – the Indian Independence Act 1947 is given royal assent; the act partitioned British India into India and Pakistan

15 August 1947 – British India partitioned into India and Pakistan

15 August 1947–27 May 1964 – Jawaharlal Nehru is 1st Prime Minister of India, which becomes a new independent state

September–November 1947 – the 1947 Jammu massacres in the Jammu region of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India

October 1947 – the House on Un-American Activities Committee holds nine days of hearings in Los Angeles about communists in Hollywood

22 October 1947–1 January 1949 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, sometimes known as the First Kashmir War, was fought between India and Pakistan over the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu from 1947 to 1948

November 1947 – Orson Welles’s arrival in Rome to star in the movie Black Magic

November 1947–1956 – Orson Welles in Europe

2 December 1947 – Kenneth Williams returns to Britain from the far east

30 December 1947 – forced abdication of King Michael I in Romania:
6 March 1945–2 June 1952 – Petru Groza is Prime Minister of Romania
30 December 1947–13 April 1948 – Constantin Ion Parhon is President of the Provisional Presidium of the Republic
13 April 1948–12 June 1952 – Constantin Ion Parhon is President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
2 June 1952–2 October 1955 – Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej is Prime Minister
1955–19 March 1965 – Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party
1948
c. 1948 – Ernst Badian leaves New Zealand for University College, Oxford

c. 1948–1950 – Ernst Badian at University College, Oxford

1948–1972 – Ludwig Lachmann is Professor of Economics and Economic History at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa

4 January 1948 – Burma’s declaration of independence from the UK

30 January 1948 – assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

February 1948–January 1949 – 1948 Palestinian exodus (the Nakba)

February 1948–1973 – period of the Union Movement (renamed the Action Party in 1973), founded by Oswald Mosley

c. 14 February 1948–February 1949 – Old Vic (Laurence Olivier’s repertory theatre company) on a year-long tour of Australasia, in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, Hobart, Tasmania, Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin

4 May 1948 – release date of the British film Hamlet, directed by Sir Laurence Olivier, starring Laurence Olivier, Peter Cushing, Christopher Lee

14 May 1948 – 4 pm: the Israeli Declaration of Independence by David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and Chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

15 May 1948 – midnight: British Mandate for Palestine expires

15 May 1948–10 March 1949 – the 1948 Arab–Israeli War (the Israeli War of Independence) between Israel and the Arab League (Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Transjordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)

26 May 1948 – the 1948 parliamentary election of South Africa, in which The United Party (led by the incumbent Prime Minister Jan Smuts) was defeated by the Reunited National Party (Herenigde Nasionale Party in Afrikaans), led by Daniel Francois Malan

4 June 1948–30 November 1954 – Daniel François Malan is Prime Minister of South Africa (National Party)

21 June 1948 – the Empire Windrush (from Kingston, Jamaica) docks at the Port of Tilbury, near London, with 1027 passengers began disembarking the next day, including around 400 West Indian immigrants

24 June 1948–12 May 1949 – the Berlin Blockade: the Soviet Union blocks the Western Allies’ railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control

26 June 1948–30 September 1949 – the Western Allies organise the Berlin airlift (to carry supplies to the people of West Berlin)

30 June 1948 – UK release date of film Oliver Twist, starring Alec Guinness

July 1948–March 1953 – Peter Byrne works for the Dooars Tea Company, at Bhogotpore T E, Ghatia, Tondoo (in the Nagarakata district)

30 July 1948 – royal assent given to the British Nationality Act 1948, which creates the status of “Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies” (CUKC) as the national citizenship of the United Kingdom and its colonies

2 September 1948–10 March 1949 – Golda Meir is Israel’s minister plenipotentiary to the Soviet Union

16 September 1948–23 February 1950 – serialisation of TinTin: Land of Black Gold in Tintin magazine

October 1948–May 1950 – Donald Maclean is head of Chancery at the British embassy in Cairo:
October 1935 – Donald Maclean begins work at the Foreign Office
24 September 1938–13 June 1940 – Donald Maclean is Third Secretary at HM Embassy, Paris
c. June 1940–April 1944 – Donald Maclean is Foreign Office’s expert in economic warfare, civil air matters, and military base negotiations
6 May 1944–November 1948 – Donald Maclean is First Secretary of the British embassy in Washington
October 1948–May 1950 – Donald Maclean is head of Chancery at the British embassy in Cairo
May 1950 – Donald Maclean returns to Britain
c. October 1950–25 May 1951 – Donald Maclean is head of the American Department in the Foreign Office
25 May 1951 – Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee from Britain to Russia
6 March 1983 – death of Donald Maclean in Russia
2 October 1948 – the Bukken Bruse disaster: a Short Sandringham passenger aircraft crashed on a flight from Oslo in the bay near Trondheim, Norway; Bertrand Russell survived

16 October 1948 – Golda Meir visits a Moscow synagogue during Rosh Hashanah (New Year) and is greeted by 10,000 Jewish Russians

November 1948 – the Soviet Union launches a campaign against bourgeois nationalism in the Soviet Union and Jewish culture

22 November 1948 – release of the British anthology film Quartet, adapted from W. Somerset Maugham stories

1949
1949 – Paul M. Sweezy publishes Karl Marx and the Close of His System and Böhm-Bawerk’s Criticism of Marx (August M. Kelley, New York)

1949 – Ronald Syme elected as Camden Professor of Ancient History at Oxford; he retired in 1970

January 1949–October 1969 – Karl Popper is professor of logic and scientific method at the University of London

January 1949 – George Orwell leaves for a sanatorium at Cranham, Gloucestershire, with Richard Rees

May 1949 – the first issue of Paul M. Sweezy and Leo Huberman’s Monthly Review

23 May 1949 – creation of the Federal Republic of Germany

June 1949 – George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) publishes Nineteen Eighty-Four

13 June 1949 – release date of Kind Hearts and Coronets, directed by Robert Hamer, starring Dennis Price, Joan Greenwood, Valerie Hobson and Alec Guinness

c. July 1949–1955 – Tom Baker is novice religious brother with the De la Mennais Brothers (from Ploërmel in Brittany in France) at the La Maison de Bon Secours in Jersey, and in Shropshire:
1955–1957 – Tom Baker undertakes national service in the Royal Army Medical Corps
1956 – Tom Baker studies at the Rose Bruford College of Speech and Drama, Sidcup
1961–1966 – Tom Baker’s first marriage
1968–1971 – Tom Baker in the National Theatre
14 August 1949 – federal elections held in West Germany to elect the first Bundestag

19 August 1949 – US release date of the movie Black Magic, directed by Gregory Ratoff, starring Orson Welles

3 September 1949 – George Orwell moves into University College Hospital, London

15 September 1949–11 October 1963 – Konrad Adenauer is first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany

29 September 1949–1975 – Nicholas Kaldor is a fellow and lecturer of King’s College, Cambridge; Reader in Economics 1952; Professor in 1966

October 1949 – Kim Philby arrives in Washington as British intelligence liaison to the US intelligence agencies

October 1949–June 1951 – Kim Philby in Washington as First Secretary to the British Embassy and chief British intelligence representative in Washington

October 1949 – Theodor W. Adorno left America and returns to Germany, where he teaches at Frankfurt University

December 1949–September 1951 – Pitești Prison reeducation experiments, in Pitești, Romania

10 December 1949 – the Australian federal election of 1949; Ben Chifley defeated by Robert Menzies

13 December 1949 – Peter Fraser leaves office as Prime Minister of New Zealand (27 March 1940–13 December 1949 for Labour)

13 December 1949–20 September 1957 – Sidney Holland is Prime Minister of New Zealand (National)

19 December 1949–26 January 1966 – Robert Menzies is Prime Minister of Australia

31 December 1949 – Cunard acquired Cunard-White Star’s assets and operations, and reverted to the name “Cunard” on January 1, 1950

1950s
1950
1950–1952 – Ernst Badian holds a scholarship at the British School at Rome

1950–1960 – construction of a dam north of the town of Bicaz, creating Lake Izvorul Muntelui (Lake Bicaz)

1950–1951 – George Shackle is a reader at the University of Leeds

8 January 1950 – death of Joseph Schumpeter

21 January 1950 – death of George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) at University College Hospital, London

February 1950 – Friedrich Hayek submits a letter of resignation to the London School of Economics (LSE); Hayek teaches at the University of Chicago (from 1950–1962)

February 1950–20 November 1952 – Benedetto Croce after a stroke in February 1950 suffers paralysis

23 February 1950 – British general election gave Labour a massively reduced majority of five

23 February 1950 – Enoch Powell elected as Conservative MP for Wolverhampton South West in the UK general election 1950

16 March 1950 – Enoch Powell made his maiden speech in parliament

30 March 1950–7 September 1950 – serialisation of Hergé’s TinTin: Destination Moon in Tintin magazine

19 April 1950 – Ludwig Lachmann gives inaugural lecture at the University of the Witwatersrand

25 June 1950–27 July 1953 – Korean War

July 1950–17 April 1951 – Guy Burgess works in the British embassy in Washington as second secretary

1 August 1950 – release of the British anthology film Trio, based on three short stories by W. Somerset Maugham

September 1950 – The Authoritarian Personality is published, by Theodor W. Adorno, Else Frenkel-Brunswik, Daniel Levinson, and Nevitt Sanford, who were working at the University of California, Berkeley

October 1950 – China invades Tibet

October 1950–June 1986 – Karl Popper lives in Fallowfield, Penn, Buckinghamshire

16 October 1950 – C. S. Lewis publishes The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (the novel is set in 1940)

2 November 1950 – death of George Bernard Shaw at the age of 94 at Shaw’s Corner, Ayot St Lawrence, in Hertfordshire, England

7 November 1950–7 January 1951 – Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah is king of Nepal

17 November 1950 – Tenzin Gyatso becomes the 14th Dalai Lama

1951
7 January 1951–13 March 1955 – Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah is king of Nepal

March 1951 – Oswald Mosley leaves Britain for Ireland

March 1951–1953 – Oswald Mosley lives Eyrecourt in Galway

by May 1951–1969 – George L. S. Shackle is Brunner Professor Economics Science, University of Liverpool (Emeritus Professor after 1969)

7 May 1951 – Guy Burgess returns to England

11 May 1951 – Guy Burgess summoned to the Foreign Office and dismissed

25 May 1951 – Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee from Britain to Russia

c. June 1951–30 August 1963 – Guy Burgess lives in the Soviet Union

23 May 1951 – signing of the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet by Ngapoi Ngawang in Beijing

June 1951 – Kim Philby returns from America to Britain and interrogated for several days by MI6

July 1951 – resignation of Kim Philby from MI6

27 August–21 November 1951 – the 1951 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition led by Eric Shipton reconnoitres possible routes for climbing Mount Everest from Nepal; the best one found was through the Khumbu Icefall, Western Cwm and South Col; Edmund Hillary is part of the expedition

15 October 1951 – C. S. Lewis publishes Prince Caspian, second volume of the The Chronicles of Narnia

25 October 1951 – United Kingdom general election. The results:
Party | Leader | Seats Won
Labour | Clement Attlee | 295
Conservative | Winston Churchill | 302
National Liberal | James Stuart | 19
Liberal | Clement Davies | 6.
The Conservatives won.

26 October 1951–6 April 1955 – Winston Churchill is British Prime Minister

November 1951 – the Himalayan expedition of Eric Shipton (with Michael Ward, Bill Murray, and Tom Bourdillon), while scouting for a new route to Everest, discover so-called “yeti” tracks in the snow near the head of Menlung Glacier

9 November 1951–22 January 1955 – Oscar Torp is Prime Minister of Norway (Labour Party)

14 November 1951 – release of the British anthology film Encore, an adaptation of three short stories by W. Somerset Maugham

1952
1952 – effective cure for tuberculosis in the discovery of “triple therapy” (streptomycin, para-aminosalicylic acid and isoniazid)

1952–1954 – Ernst Badian is assistant lecturer at the University of Sheffield

1952–1954 – John Tyndall undertakes his national service in West Germany

1952 – 15 million TV sets in the US; 1.2 million in the UK

1952 – Heinrich Harrer’s Seven Years in Tibet: My Life Before, During and After (Sieben Jahre in Tibet. Mein Leben am Hofe des Dalai Lama) published in Vienna

1952–1953 – Stalin orders a campaign to remove Jews from positions of authority, including the state security services

6 February 1952 – death of George VI; accession of Elizabeth II

15 February 1952 – funeral of George VI at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle

April 1952 – John Cairncross interviewed by Jim Skardon

c. April 1952 – John Cairncross resigns from the Treasury in the Ministry of Supply

May 1952 – purge of Romanian communist Ana Pauker and her allies in the Secretariat (Vasile Luca and Teohari Georgescu)

August 1952 – C. S. Lewis first meets Joy Davidman Gresham

12–13 August 1952 – the “Night of the Murdered Poets” in the Soviet Union, 13 of the most prominent Yiddish writers of the Soviet Union executed on the orders of Stalin

18 September 1952 – Charlie Chaplin boards the RMS Queen Elizabeth with his family but the next day has his re-entry revoked

3 October 1952–January 1960 – the Mau Mau Uprising in the British Kenya Colony (1920–1963)

3 October 1952 – British nuclear weapon detonated in Australia: the UK the third nuclear weapons state

20 November 1952 – death of Benedetto Croce in Naples

20 November 1952 – the Prague Trial: Rudolf Slánský (General Secretary of the KSČ) and 13 leading party members accused of Trotskyite conspiracy and convicted in Czechoslovakia

5–9 December 1952 – Great Smog of London, caused by cold weather, an anticyclone and windless conditions, and airborne pollutants (from the use of coal) from Friday, 5 December to Tuesday, 9 December 1952

8 December 1952 – death of Charles Lightoller during London’s Great Smog of 1952

15 December 1952 – Bertrand Russell marries Edith Finch, his fourth wife

1953
1953 – Noam Chomsky and his wife Carol Doris Schatz visit England, France, Switzerland and Italy, and 6 weeks at a kibbutz in Israel

1953–1955 – Edwin Judge attends King’s College, Cambridge

1953–23 April 1964 – Karl Polanyi lives in Pickering, Ontario, Canada

January 1953 – Charlie Chaplin and his family move to Manoir de Ban, overlooking Lake Geneva in Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland

5 January 1953 – first public stage première of Samuel Beckett’s play Waiting for Godot (“En attendant Godot”) at the Théâtre de Babylone, Paris

13 January 1953 – the Soviet newspaper Pravda reports the “Doctors’ plot”

14 January 1953–4 May 1980 – Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia

20 January 1953 – Dwight D. Eisenhower sworn in as 34th President of the US

20 January 1953–20 January 1961 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is President of the United States

18 February 1953 – arrest of Ana Pauker

28 February 1953 – James Watson and Francis Crick (University of Cambridge) announce discovery of the structure of the DNA molecule

5 March 1953 – death of Stalin

14 March 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev selected as First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

17 March–21 April 1953 – broadcast dates of the BBC TV series Robin Hood, starring Patrick Troughton

c. 31 March 1953 – Peter Byrne resigns from the Dooars Tea Company and takes a concession at the western end of Kanchanpur, Nepal

12 April–30 May 1953 – the 1953 British Mount Everest expedition, led by Colonel John Hunt, with Charles Evans, Tom Bourdillon, Alfred Gregory, Edmund Hillary, George Lowe and Tenzing Norgay

13 April 1953 – publication of Casino Royale by Ian Fleming

29 May 1953 – Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest

2 June 1953 – coronation of Queen Elizabeth II as monarch of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon

18 June 1953 – the Egyptian Republic was declared

19 June 1953 – execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg at Sing Sing Correctional Facility in Ossining, New York

10 July 1953 – Soviet newspaper Pravda announces that Lavrentiy Beria deposed as head of the NKVD

27 July 1953 – end of the Korean War

31 July 1953 – death of Robert A. Taft (3 January 1953–31 July 1953: Senate Majority Leader) in New York Hospital of cancer, son of President William Howard Taft

15–19 August 1953 – the 1953 Iranian coup d’état, the overthrow of the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in favour of the shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, with help from the United Kingdom and the United States

14 September 1953–14 October 1964 – Nikita Khrushchev is First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

c. December 1953 – Oswald Mosley moves to France

1954
1954–1965 – Ernst Badian is a lecturer at University of Durham

January 1954 – Daily Mail Snowman Expedition leaves Kathmandu

January–June 1954 – Daily Mail Snowman Expedition in Nepal

7 January 1954 – UK release date of the film The Million Pound Note, directed by Ronald Neame, starring Gregory Peck, Ronald Squire, and Wilfrid Hyde-White

23 February 1954 – first mass vaccination of children against polio in Pittsburgh, US

25 February 1954–8 March 1954 – Gamal Abdel Nasser is Prime Minister of Egypt

1 March–22 May 1954 – Billy Graham in London for evangelical preaching at Harringay Arena and Wembley Stadium

13 March–7 May 1954 – Battle of Dien Bien Phu, last battle of First Indochina War between the French Union’s French Far East Expeditionary Corps and the Viet Minh communist-nationalists

13 April 1954 – Arthur Chesterton founds the League of Empire Loyalists (LEL) at Caxton Hall in London

13 April 1954–7 February 1967 – period of the League of Empire Loyalists (LEL)

18 April 1954–29 September 1962 – Gamal Abdel Nasser is Prime Minister of Egypt

26 April–20 July 1954 – the Geneva Conference in Geneva, Switzerland to settle issues resulting from the Korean War and the First Indochina War

7 June 1954 – death of Alan Turing

18–27 June 1954 – the 1954 Guatemalan coup d’état, a covert operation CIA to depose the democratically-elected Guatemalan President Jacobo Árbenz; it installs the military dictatorship of Carlos Castillo Armas

7 July 1954–26 July 1957 – Carlos Castillo Armas is President of the Republic of Guatemala for the National Liberation Movement (MLN) party

29 July 1954 – J. R. R. Tolkien publishes The Fellowship of the Ring, the first volume of The Lord of the Rings

1 August 1954 – end of the First Indochina War

29 September–31 October 1954 – period of the play Saint Joan (written by George Bernard Shaw) at the Arts Theatre in London, starring Siobhan McKenna and Kenneth Williams as Dauphin (second run from 8 February–28 May 1955 at the St Martin’s Theatre)

1 November 1954–19 March 1962 – the Algerian War, between France and the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN)

2 November 1954–30 June 1961 – broadcast dates of the BBC radio comedy Hancock’s Half Hour, starring Tony Hancock, Sidney James, Moira Lister, Andrée Melly, Hattie Jacques, Bill Kerr and Kenneth Williams (who left in series 6 from September–29 December 1959)

11 November 1954 – J. R. R. Tolkien publishes The Two Towers, the second volume of The Lord of the Rings

December 1954–August 1963 – C. S. Lewis is Professor of Medieval and Renaissance English at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and moves to Cambridge

24 December 1954 – Laos’s full independence from France

1955
1955 – Peter Byrne ends his career as big game hunter

1955–1957 – Tom Baker undertakes national service in the Royal Army Medical Corps

January 1955 – British Lion Films Ltd formed; Roy and John Boulting took over Shepperton Studios:
30 September 1936–February 2000 – Pinewood Studios owned by The Rank Organisation (from 1995 the Rank Group)
30 September 1936 – Pinewood Studios studio complex built by J. Arthur Rank officially opened
23 April 1937–7 February 1996 – period of The Rank Organisation
February 2001 – merger of Pinewood and Shepperton Studios; creation of Pinewood Shepperton plc
22 January 1955–28 August 1963 – Einar Gerhardsen is Prime Minister of Norway (Labour Party)

10 February 1955 – US Seventh Fleet helps the Republic of China evacuate Chinese Nationalist army from the Tachen Islands to Taiwan

14 March 1955–31 January 1972 – Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah is king of Nepal

6 April 1955 – Winston Churchill steps down as British Prime Minister

6 April 1955–10 January 1957 – Anthony Eden (Conservative) is Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

May 1955–c. September 1956 – Edwin Judge is Sir James Knott Fellow in Ancient History, King’s College, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, University of Durham

21 May 1955 – Billy Graham preaches by royal invitation in the private chapel of Windsor Castle and meets the Queen

June 1955 – Bertrand Russell leases Plas Penrhyn in Penrhyndeudraeth, Merionethshire, Wales; from 5 July 1956 this is his principal home

22 September 1955 – commercial television (ITV) starts broadcasting in London area

October 1955–1958 – Geoffrey Harcourt at King’s College, Cambridge working on a PhD (under Kaldor and Ronald Henderson)

October 1955 – Kim Philby officially cleared by Foreign Secretary Harold Macmillan

20 October 1955 – J. R. R. Tolkien publishes The Return of the King, the third volume of The Lord of the Rings

3 November 1955–26 June 1963 – David Ben-Gurion is Prime Minister of Israel (Mapai)

7 November 1955 – Kim Philby officially cleared from spying by Foreign Secretary Harold Macmillan

1956
11 February 1956 – Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean appear in the National Hotel in Moscow before a hastily summoned press conference

25 February 1956 – Nikita Khrushchev gives a secret speech denouncing Stalin at the 20th Soviet Party Congress

March 1956 – Peter Byrne travels to the Rathong valley, Sikkim, where he meets Tenzing Norgay; he returns to Gangtok

23 April 1956 – Helen Joy Davidman marries C. S. Lewis in a civil marriage at the register office, 42 St Giles’, Oxford

c. April 1956 – Peter Byrne learns of Tom Slick in Darjeeling from Tenzing Norgay’s wife

c. June 1956–1962 – Tibetan guerillas begin warfare in Tibet in the Kham and Amdo regions, which later spreads to other areas of Tibet

13 June 1956 – British forces complete their withdrawal from the occupied Suez Canal Zone

5 July 1956–2 February 1970 – Bertrand Russell lives in Plas Penrhyn in Penrhyndeudraeth, Merionethshire, Wales

19 July 1956 – the US State Department rejects American financial assistance for the Egyptian High Dam

26 July 1956 – Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal

August 1956 – Kim Philby sent to Beirut as Middle East correspondent for The Observer and The Economist; his journalism is a cover for renewed MI6 work

August 1956–23 January 1963 – Kim Philby in Beirut, Lebanon

September 1956–1968 – Edwin Judge is Lecturer, Senior Lecturer & Reader in History, University of Sydney

11 September 1956 – meeting of the Institute for Radio Engineers at MIT: 3 papers presented by Allen Newell and Herbert Simon, George A. Miller, and Noam Chomsky; foundation of fields of modern linguistics and artificial intellgence

October 1956 – Joy Davidman admitted to Churchill Hospital, Oxford, and diagnosed with incurable cancer

October 1956–May 1959 – David Irving at the Imperial College (Royal College of Science) studying physics

5 October 1956 – release date of the film The Ten Commandments, directed by Cecil B. DeMille and starring Charlton Heston and Yul Brynner

23 October–10 November 1956 – Hungarian Revolution of 1956:
18 April 1955–24 October 1956 – András Hegedüs is Prime Minister of Hungary
23 October 1956 – 20,400 protesters convene next to the statue of József Bem and move to the Parliament Building
24 October 1956–4 November 1956 – Imre Nagy is Prime Minister of Hungary
1 November 1956 – Soviet forces enter Hungary
4 November 1956 – Soviet tanks enter Budapest
4 November 1956–28 January 1958 – János Kádár Prime Minister of Hungary
11 November 1956 – last insurgents defeated
29 October 1956–7 November 1956 – the Suez Crisis (Tripartite Aggression), the invasion of Egypt by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France

31 October 1956–1 January 1958 – serialisation of Hergé’s The Red Sea Sharks in Tintin magazine

9 December 1956 – death of Charles Joughin in a hospital in Paterson, New Jersey

1957
1957 – Noam Chomsky is promoted to the position of associate professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

1957 – Ayn Rand publishes Atlas Shrugged

January 1957 – Peter Byrne meets Tom Slick in Delhi

10 January 1957–19 October 1963 – Harold Macmillan (Conservative) is Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

February 1957 – publication of Syntactic Structures by Noam Chomsky, which introduces the idea of transformational generative grammar

9 March 1957 – Peter Byrne and his party leave Darjeeling for Nepal

14 March–10 April 1957 – Tom Slick and Peter Byrne carry out reconnaissance in the Arun Khola Valley: Dharan, Dara Pani (day 1), Dhankuta (day 2), Pokribas (17 March), Legua Ghat, Kathia Ghat (19 March), Tumlingtar, the Arun river crossed at Sati Ghat (20 March), Choyang, confluence of the Arun and Choyang Khola (23 March), Walung, Kampalung, confluence of the Sangkua and Arun (10 April); they discover 3 sets of bipedal tracks, one of which they follow for 4 miles near the Chhoyang Khola Valley, Nepal

21 March 1957 – Reverend Peter Bide marries C. S. Lewis and Joy Davidman in hospital

c. 28 March 1957 – Joy Davidman left Wingfield Hospital and moves to The Kilns

March 1957–13 July 1960 – marriage of C. S. Lewis and Joy Davidman

2 May 1957 – release date of the film The Curse of Frankenstein, directed by Terence Fisher, and starring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee

1 August 1957 – release of the volume of German Foreign Office documents relating to Edward VIII’s time in Spain

26 August 1957 – release date of the film The Abominable Snowman, starring Peter Cushing and Forrest Tucker

31 August 1957 – Federation of Malaya’s independence from the British Empire

12 December 1957–12 December 1960 – Walter Nash is Prime Minister of New Zealand (Labour)

1958
1958–1982 – Geoffrey Harcourt at the University of Adelaide as a lecturer (chair in Economics at Adelaide from 1967–1982)

20 February 1958 – Italian release date of the film Le fatiche di Ercole (The Labours of Hercules or Hercules), starring Steve Reeves; US release date 22 July 1959

c. 24 February–c. 22 June 1958 – the Slick-Johnson Snowman Expedition, led by Gerald Russell and Peter and Bryan Byrne: Biratnagar, Walung (base for Peter Byrne’s team), Barun area (March), all members regroup at Moyam (6 April), Chhoyang (April), Cepua (second base), Arun/Chhoyang Khola valley area (May), Sola Khumbu, members regroup at lamasery of Thyangboche (29 May), expedition returns on 4 June

27 March 1958–14 October 1964 – Nikita Khrushchev is Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union

April 1958 – John Bean and John Tyndall form the National Labour Party (NLP) based in Thornton Heath, Croydon, after leaving the League of Empire Loyalists

April 1958–27 February 1960 – period of the National Labour Party (NLP)

8 May 1958 – release date of the film UK Dracula, directed by Terence Fisher and starring Christopher Lee and Peter Cushing

1 June 1958 – release date of The Revenge of Frankenstein, directed by Terence Fisher, starring Peter Cushing

1 June 1958 – de Gaulle became Premier and was given emergency powers for six months by the National Assembly, fulfilling his desire for parliamentary legitimacy

1 June 1958–8 January 1959 – de Gaulle Prime Minister of France

7 June 1958 – Ian Donald, Tom Brown and John MacVicar report use of ultrasound on live patients in “Investigation of Abdominal Masses by Pulsed Ultrasound” published in The Lancet

16 June 1958 – execution of Imre Nagy

July 1958 – Ezra Pound arrived in Naples from America

3 July 1958 – release date of A Night to Remember, directed by Roy Ward Baker, with story by Walter Lord, starring Kenneth More, Laurence Naismith, Frank Lawton

12 July 1958 – Ezra Pound arrives at Schloss Brunnenburg at Dorf Tirol above Merano in the Adige valley, Italian Tyrol

12 July 1958–May 1959 – Ezra Pound lives in Schloss Brunnenburg, Dorf Tirol, Italian Tyrol

30 August–5 September 1958 – Notting Hill race riots in Notting Hill, England

31 August 1958 – release date of Carry On Sergeant, the first in the series of Carry On films

2 September 1958–6 September 1966 – Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd is Prime Minister of South Africa (National Party)

17 September 1958–25 November 1959 – serialisation of Georges Prosper Remi’s (or Hergé) story Tintin in Tibet in Tintin magazine

28 September 1958 – a French referendum took place and 79.2 percent of those who voted supported the new constitution and the creation of the Fifth Republic

10 November 1958 – Hope Diamond sold to the National Museum of Natural History

December 1958–January 1959 – Peter Cushing and Helen Beck stay in Whitstable

1959
c. January 1959–11 August 1994 – Peter Cushing has second house in Whitstable (moves permanently in c. 1969)

1959–1970 – Orson Welles in Europe

January 1959 – Peter Byrne obtains pieces of the Pangboche Hand from Pangboche, Nepal

8 January 1959–28 April 1969 – de Gaulle President of the French Republic

1–2 February 1959 – Dyatlov Pass incident: death of nine ski hikers in Dyatlov Pass, northern Ural Mountains, Soviet Union

March 1959 – George Lincoln Rockwell begins his National Socialist movement

c. March–December 1959 – Slick-Johnson Snowman Expedition, with Peter Byrne

10–21 March 1959 – the 1959 Tibetan uprising in Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Area

17 March 1959 – Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) flees Lhasa

29 March 1959–16 July 1977 – broadcast date of The Navy Lark, a radio sitcom about a British Royal Navy frigate named HMS Troutbridge, produced by Alastair Scott Johnston, starring Leslie Phillips, Jon Pertwee, Judy Cornwell, Heather Chasen, and Ronnie Barker

30 March 1959 – Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) flees Tibet crossing into India

18 April 1959 – Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) reaches Tezpur in Assam

May 1959 – Ezra Pound leaves Brunnenburg and lives in an apartment in Rapallo

c. 5 June 1959 – J. R. R. Tolkien retires as Merton Professor of English Language and Literature at Merton College, Oxford

19 August 1959 – the “Radcliffe Report” is published on British monetary policy by the Committee on the Working of the Monetary System, under Lord Radcliffe

September 1959–c. December 1978 – A. J. Ayer is Wykeham Professor of Logic at New College, Oxford

8 October 1959 – the UK general election:
Party | Leader | Seats
Conservative | Harold Macmillan | 365
Labour | Hugh Gaitskell | 258
Liberal | Jo Grimond | 6
Independent Conservative | - | 1.
Harold Macmillan (Conservative) is Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (10 January 1957–19 October 1963)

18 November 1959 – release date of Ben-Hur, directed by William Wyler, produced by Sam Zimbalist for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, starring Charlton Heston

1960
1960 – Piero Sraffa publishes The Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities

January 1960 – Peter Byrne arrives in America

February 1960 – Friedrich Hayek publishes The Constitution of Liberty

27 February 1960 – British National Party (BNP) founded after the merger of the National Labour Party (NLP) with the White Defence League

27 February 1960–7 February 1967 – British National Party

27 March 1960 – Yevgeny Ivanov posted to London as Soviet assistant naval attaché

3 April 1960 – George Lincoln Rockwell makes his first public address delivered on the Mall, in Washington

27 May 1960 – Piero Sraffa publishes The Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities; Italian publication on 6 June 1960

16 June 1960 – suicide of Francis Parker Yockey in a jail cell in San Francisco

13 July 1960 – death of Helen Joy Davidman

September 1960–1 October 1961 – Luigi Pasinetti is at Nuffield College, Oxford

September 1960–June 1961 – the World Book Encyclopedia scientific expedition to the Himalayas, led by Sir Edmund Hillary and Marlin Perkins, to study adaptation to high altitude and to search for the yeti

2 September 1960 – establishment of the Assembly of Tibetan Peoples’ Deputies (ATPD)

5 October 1960 – South African republic referendum; 52.29% of voters endorse withdrawal from the British Commonwealth and the establishment of a Republic of South Africa

7 October 1960 – US release date of the film Spartacus, directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring Kirk Douglas and Laurence Olivier

24 October 1960 – Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama) and his entourage move to Dharamsala

13 November 1960–29 December 1996 – Guatemalan Civil War between the government and various leftist rebel groups supported chiefly by ethnic Maya indigenous people and Ladino peasants

12 December 1960–7 February 1972 – Keith Holyoake is Prime Minister of New Zealand (National)

1960s
1961
1961–1963 – David Irving registered as a student at University College, studying political science and economics; he dropped out by 1962

1961–1975 – University of Canterbury is moved to the Christchurch suburb of Ilam

January 1961 – Oswald Mosley debates the issue of Commonwealth immigration at a University College, London, seconded by David Irving

8 January 1961 – referendum on self-determination for Algeria was held in France

14 January 1961 – death of Ernest Thesiger in his London home

20 January 1961 – John F. Kennedy inaugurated as US president (in office 20 January 1961–22 November 1963)

17 March 1961 – marriage of Christopher Lee and Birgit “Gitte” Krøncke

4 April 1961 – John F. Kennedy approves the Bay of Pigs final invasion plan

17 April 1961 – the Bay of Pigs Invasion, failed military invasion of Cuba by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 from 17–20 April

5 May 1961 – the first US astronaut, Alan Shepard, launched on a suborbital flight aboard Freedom 7 on a Mercury-Redstone rocket

30 May 1961 – John F. Kennedy meets Ben-Gurion to discuss the nuclear issue at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York

31 May 1961 – establishment of the republic of South Africa

July 1961 – Stephen Ward introduces Christine Keeler to John Profumo, 5th Baron Profumo, the Secretary of State for War, at a pool party at Cliveden, the Buckinghamshire mansion owned by Lord Astor

July–August 1961? – affair between John Profumo and Christine Keeler

October 1961 – A. B. Bosworth enters Keble College, Oxford

1 October 1961–September 1976 – Luigi Pasinetti is an Assistant Lecturer and Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge

October 1961 – Fritz Fischer’s Griff nach der Weltmacht: Die Kriegzielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914–1918 (Germany’s Aims in the First World War) published

1962
1962 – Joan Robinson becomes a Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge:
1931 – Joan Robinson becomes assistant lecturer in economics
1937 – Joan Robinson becomes a lecturer
1949 – Joan Robinson becomes reader in economics
1965 – Joan Robinson becomes full professor and fellow of Girton College
1979 – first female honorary fellow of King’s College
c. spring 1962–1 November 1972 – Ezra Pound lives in summer at Sant’Ambrogio above Rapallo and Gulf of Tigullio, and in winter at a house in the Calle Querini in Venice

13 April 1962 – UK release date of Carry On Cruising, directed by Gerald Thomas

18 April 1962 – royal assent given to Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1962

20 April 1962 – John Tyndall founded National Socialist Movement (NSM)

1 June 1962 – Friedrich Hayek leaves New York for Naples (arriving on 13 June)

c. 15 June 1962–July 1968 – Friedrich Hayek is professor at the University of Freiburg, Germany

3 July 1962 – France recognised Algerian independence

August 1962–1 November 1973 – Laurence Olivier is first director of National Theatre

5 October 1962 – release date of the James Bond film Dr. No in the United Kingdom

6 October 1962 – Tom Slick, Texas-based businessman, dies in an airplane crash in Montana

11 October 1962–8 December 1965 – the Second Vatican Council (Vatican II), 21st ecumenical council of the Catholic Church, held at St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican

14 October 1962 – death of Charlie Williams, Kenneth Williams’ father

16–28 October 1962 – Cuban missile crisis

27 October 1962 – Kennedy secretly agrees to remove all US missiles in Turkey and possibly southern Italy

20 November 1962 – the US government announces the end of the blockade on Cuba from 6:45 pm EST

10 December 1962 – release date of the film Lawrence of Arabia, directed by David Lean and starring Peter O’Toole

1963
1963 – Meyerdirk & Wright begins production of first commercial hand-held articulated arm compound contact B-mode scanner; ultrasound becomes generally available for medical use

January 1963–December 1967 – Sydney Newman is Head of Drama at the BBC

January 1963 – Gore Vidal and Austen leave for Italy; they take an apartment on Via Giulia in Rome

23 January 1963 – Kim Philby vanishes from Beirut

January 1963–11 May 1988 – Kim Philby in the Soviet Union for the remainder of his life

21 March 1963 – Labour MP George Wigg asks a question in the House about the rumours linking Profumo with Keeler

21 March–3 August 1963– the Profumo affair:
July 1961 – Stephen Ward introduces Christine Keeler to John Profumo, 5th Baron Profumo, the Secretary of State for War, at a pool party at Cliveden, the Buckinghamshire mansion owned by Lord Astor
July–August 1961? – affair between John Profumo and Christine Keeler
9 August 1961 – Profumo interviewed informally by Sir Norman Brook, the Cabinet Secretary, who warns Profumo not to mix with Stephen Ward’s circle
December 1962 – Yevgeny Ivanov recalled to Moscow
14 December 1962 – Johnny Edgecombe fires five shots at the house of Stephen Ward
21 March 1963 – Labour MP George Wigg asks a question in the House about the rumours linking Profumo with Keeler
22 March 1963 – John Profumo states he is innocent in the House
18 April 1963 – Christine Keeler attacked at the home of a friend
May 1963 – Lewis Morley takes naked photographic portrait of Christine Keeler
4 June 1963 – John Profumo forced to admit he had lied to the House; he resigns from office, from the House, and from the Privy Council
5 June 1963 – announcement of John Profumo’s resignation
5–7 June 1963 – trial of Aloysius “Lucky” Gordon
8 June 1963 – Stephen Ward arrested on charges of immorality offences
17 June 1963 – House of Commons debate on Profumo’s resignation
24 June 1963 – Daily Mirror publishes a story “Prince Philip and the Profumo Scandal”
22–31 July 1963 – trial of Stephen Ward for living off the proceeds of prostitution
30 July 1963 – Stephen Ward takes overdose of sleeping tablets
3 August 1963 – death of Stephen Ward
26 September 1963 – Denning report into the Profumo Scandal published
18 October 1963 – resignation of Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister
December 1963 – conviction of Christine Keeler for perjury
4 May 1963 – civil rights protesters dispersed in Birmingham, Alabama

22 March 1963 – John Profumo states he is innocent in the House

4 June 1963 – John Profumo forced to admit he had lied to the House; he resigns from office, from the House, and from the Privy Council

5 June 1963 – announcement of John Profumo’s resignation

5–7 June 1963 – trial of Aloysius “Lucky” Gordon

8 June 1963 – Stephen Ward arrested on charges of immorality offences

17 June 1963 – House of Commons debate on Profumo’s resignation

24 June 1963 – Daily Mirror publishes a story “Prince Philip and the Profumo Scandal”

26–29 June 1963 – John F. Kennedy visits Ireland

26 June 1963 – David Ben-Gurion steps down as Prime Minister of Israel:
Prime Ministers of Israel
3 November 1955–26 June 1963 – David Ben-Gurion (Mapai)
26 June 1963–26 February 1969 – Levi Eshkol (Mapai)
26 February–17 March 1969– Yigal Allon (Alignment Labor)
17 March 1969–3 June 1974 – Golda Meir (Alignment Labor)
3 June 1974–20 June 1977 – Yitzhak Rabin (Alignment Labor)
20 June 1977–10 October 1983 – Menachem Begin (Likud)
10 October 1983–13 September 1984 – Yitzhak Shamir (Likud)
1 July 1963 – Kim Philby’s flight to Moscow officially confirmed

15 July 1963 – C. S. Lewis falls ill, admitted to the hospital, and suffers a heart attack at 5:00 pm the next day and lapsed into a coma

22–31 July 1963 – trial of Stephen Ward for living off the proceeds of prostitution

30 July 1963 – Stephen Ward takes overdose of sleeping tablets

3 August 1963 – death of Stephen Ward

6 August 1963 – C. S. Lewis discharged from Acland Hospital, and returns to live at The Kilns, Oxford

6 August 1963 – C. S. Lewis resigns as Professor of Medieval and Renaissance English at Magdalene College, Cambridge

28 August 1963 – the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, at which Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his 17-minute speech, later known as “I Have a Dream”

30 August 1963 – death of Guy Burgess in the Soviet Union

11 September 1963 – release date of Hammer film The Kiss of the Vampire, directed by Don Sharp

26 September 1963 – Denning report into the Profumo Scandal published

11 October 1963 – release date of the James Bond film From Russia with Love in the United Kingdom

18 October 1963 – resignation of Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister

19 October 1963–16 October 1964 – Alec Douglas-Home is British Prime Minister (Conservative)

7 November 1963 – UK release date of Carry On Cabby, directed by Gerald Thomas

22 November 1963 – the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 pm Central Standard Time on Friday; Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as President on Air Force One in Dallas on 22 November 1963

22 November 1963 – death of C. S. Lewis

23 November–14 December 1963 – broadcast dates of the Doctor Who serial An Unearthly Child:
23 November 1963 – “An Unearthly Child” debuts on the BBC at 5.15 p.m.
30 November 1963 – “The Cave of Skulls”
7 December 1963 – “The Forest of Fear”
14 December 1963 – “The Firemaker”
23 November 1963–12 September 1964 – broadcast dates of Season 1 of Doctor Who:
23 November 1963–14 December 1963 – “An Unearthly Child”
21 December 1963–1 February 1964 – “The Daleks”
8 February 1964–15 February 1964 – “The Edge of Destruction”
22 February 1964–4 April 1964 – “Marco Polo”
11 April 1964–16 May 1964 – “The Keys of Marinus”
23 May 1964–13 June 1964 – “The Aztecs”
20 June 1964–1 August 1964 – “The Sensorites”
8 August 1964–12 September 1964 – “The Reign of Terror”

Fictional Dates
October 1963 – “An Unearthly Child” set in London
November 1963 – “Remembrance of the Daleks”
100,000 BC – “An Unearthly Child”
c. 4000 BC (or 400 AD) – “Genesis of the Daleks” set on Skaro
3,750 BC (1400 AD; 1963?; far future) – “The Daleks” set on Skaro
c. 1450 – “The Aztecs”
c.2,764 AD – “The Sensorites,” set on Maitland’s ship, Sense Sphere
July 1794 – “The Reign of Terror,” set in Paris
25 November 1963 – a Requiem Mass held for John F. Kennedy at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle

30 November 1963 – “An Unearthly Child” broadcast again

12 December 1963 – independence of Republic of Kenya from Britain (formerly the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya)12 December 1963 – independence of Republic of Kenya from Britain (formerly the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya)

21 December 1963–1 February 1964 – broadcast dates of the Doctor Who serial The Daleks:
21 December 1963 – “The Dead Planet”
28 December 1963 – “The Survivors”
4 January 1964 – “The Escape”
11 January 1964 – “The Ambush”
18 January 1964 – “The Expedition”
25 January 1964 – “The Ordeal”
1 February 1964 – “The Rescue”
December 1963 – conviction of Christine Keeler for perjury

1964
1964–1966 – Geoffrey Harcourt at University of Cambridge, University Lecturer in Economics and Politics

17 January 1964 – US publication date of Roald Dahl’s novel Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

22 February–4 April 1964 – broadcast dates of the Doctor Who serial “Marco Polo”:
22 February 1964 – “The Roof of the World”
29 February 1964 – “The Singing Sands”
7 March 1964 – “Five Hundred Eyes”
14 March 1964 – “The Wall of Lies”
21 March 1964 – “Rider from Shang-Tu”
28 March 1964 – “Mighty Kublai Khan”
4 April 1964 – “Assassin at Peking”
23 February 1964 – UK release date of Carry On Jack, directed by Gerald Thomas

23 April 1964 – death of Karl Polanyi in Pickering, Ontario, Canada

23 April 1964 – Anthony Blunt secretly confessed to MI5 about his spying:
October 1926–1930 – Anthony Blunt at Trinity College, Cambridge as an undergraduate
October 1927 – Anthony Blunt begins the study of modern languages
May 1928 – Anthony Blunt elected to the Cambridge Apostles
October 1932 – Anthony Blunt elected a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
1933 – Anthony Blunt visits the Soviet Union
June 1940 – Anthony Blunt recruited by MI5 as a military liaison officer
March 1945 – Anthony Blunt sent to Schloss Friedrichshof in Germany to retrieve letters of Queen Victoria and possibly letters from the Duke of Windsor
1 April 1945–1972 – Anthony Blunt is Surveyor of the King’s Pictures
1947 – Anthony Blunt becomes director of the Courtauld Institute
23 April 1964 – Anthony Blunt secretly confessed to MI5 about his spying
15, 21 November 1979 – Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher reveals Blunt’s guilt as a spy
26 March 1983 – death of Anthony Blunt of heart attack at his London home
6 May 1964 – premiere of Entertaining Mr Sloane in London at the New Arts Theatre, written by Joe Orton; transferred to the West End’s Wyndham’s Theatre on 29 June 1964

8 May 1964 – release date of The Evil of Frankenstein directed by Freddie Francis, starring Peter Cushing

27 May 1964 – Italian release date of Terror in the Crypt, directed by Camillo Mastrocinque and starring Christopher Lee

12 June 1964 – Nelson Mandela and two of his co-accused found guilty on four charges, condemned to life imprisonment

12 June 1964–11 February 1990 – Nelson Mandela imprisoned

2 July 1964 – the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, and outlawed racial segregation in schools, employment, and public accommodations, is signed by Lyndon B. Johnson:
10 February 1964 – Civil Rights Act passes in the House
19 June 1964 – passes in the Senate
2 July 1964 – House agrees to Senate amendment
18 September 1964 – release date of the James Bond film Goldfinger in the United Kingdom

17 September 1964–25 March 1972 – broadcast dates of Bewitched on ABC, starring Elizabeth Montgomery and Dick York

14 October 1964 – Nikita Khrushchev is forced to resign as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union

14 October 1964–10 November 1982 – Leonid Brezhnev is General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Brezhnev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union on 16 June 1977

31 October 1964–24 July 1965 – broadcast dates of Season 2 (1964–1965) of Doctor Who, starring William Hartnell:
31 October 1964–14 November 1964 – “Planet of Giants”
21 November 1964–26 December 1964 – “The Dalek Invasion of Earth”
2 January 1965–9 January 1965 – “The Rescue”
16 January 1965– 6 February 1965 – “The Romans”
13 February 1965–20 March 1965 – “The Web Planet”
27 March 1965–17 April 1965 – “The Crusade”
24 April 1965–15 May 1965 – “The Space Museum”
22 May 1965–26 June 1965 – “The Chase”
3 July 1965–24 July 1965 – “The Time Meddler”

Fictional Dates
June 1969 – “Planet of Giants,” set in England
c. 2,164 – “The Dalek Invasion of Earth,” set in London and Bedfordshire
c. 2,494 – “The Rescue,” set on the planet Dido
c. 15 June–19 July 64 – “The Romans” before the Great Fire of Rome, set north of Assessium (Assisi) and in Rome
October 1191 (or 1192) – “The Crusade,” set in Jaffa, Palestine
c. 2,693–2,965 AD – “The Space Museum,” on Xeros
Fictional dates of the Doctor Who serial “The Chase”:
Aridius
1966 – New York City
1872 – Mary Celeste
1996 – Festival of Ghana
Mechanus
August/September 1066 – fictional date of the Doctor Who serial “The Time Meddler,” set in Northumbria, north of the Humber river
23 November 1964 – UK publication date of Roald Dahl’s novel Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

1965
1965–1969 – Ernst Badian is professor of ancient history, University of Leeds

2–9 January 1965 – broadcast dates of the Doctor Who serial The Rescue:
2 January 1965 – “The Powerful Enemy”
9 January 1965 – “Desperate Measures”
16 January–6 February 1965 – broadcast dates of the Doctor Who serial The Romans:
16 January 1965 – “The Slave Traders”
23 January 1965 – “All Roads Lead to Rome”
30 January 1965 – “Conspiracy”
6 February 1965 – “Inferno”
24 January 1965 – death of Winston Churchill

30 January 1965 – the state funeral service of Winston Churchill held at St Paul’s Cathedral

1 February 1965 – premiere of Loot in Cambridge, written by Joe Orton, starring Geraldine McEwan, Kenneth Williams, Duncan Macrae and Ian McShane, directed by Peter Wood; first run ended in a flop at Wimbledon on 20 March 1965

23 August 1965 – release date of the film Dr. Who and the Daleks, starring Peter Cushing

25 August 1965 – Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (the Hart–Celler Act) passed in the House:
22 September 1965 – Hart–Celler Act passes the Senate (76–18) with amendment
30 September 1965 – House agrees to Senate amendment (320–70)
3 October 1965 – signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson
30 June 1968 – Hart–Celler Act effective
22 September 1965 – the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (or the Hart–Celler Act) is passed in the US Senate (25 August 1965 in the House); effective from 30 June 1968

3 October 1965 – the Hart–Celler Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson

11 September 1965–16 July 1966 – broadcast dates of Season 3 (1965–1966) of Doctor Who, starring William Hartnell:
11 September 1965–2 October 1965 – “Galaxy 4”
9 October 1965 – “Mission to the Unknown”
16 October 1965–6 November 1965 – “The Myth Makers”
13 November 1965–29 January 1966 – “The Daleks’ Master Plan”
5 February 1966–26 February 1966 – “Massacre of St Bartholomew’s Eve”
5 March 1966–26 March 1966 – “The Ark”
2 April 1966–23 April 1966 – “The Celestial Toymaker”
30 April 1966–21 May 1966 – “The Gunfighters”
28 May 1966–18 June 1966 – “The Savages”
25 June 1966–16 July 1966 – “The War Machines”

Fictional Dates
c. 1,200 BC – “The Myth Makers,” set in Troy
Fictional dates of the Doctor Who serial “The Daleks’ Master Plan”:
4,000 AD – set on Kembel, Desperus, Central City, Mira
25 December 1965 – Liverpool
1921 – Hollywood
21st century – London
c. 2500 BC – Tigus, Egypt
Unnamed ice planet
23 August 1572 – “The Massacre,” set in Paris
10,000,000 AD – “The Ark”
October 1881 – “The Gunfighters,” set in Tombstone, US
12–20 July 1966 – “The War Machines” (broadcast from 25 June–16 July 1966), set in London
18 September 1965–26 May 1970 – broadcast dates of I Dream of Jeannie on NBC, starring Barbara Eden and Larry Hagman

8 December 1965 – royal assent given to the UK Race Relations Act 1965, the first legislation to outlaw discrimination on the grounds of colour, race, or ethnic or national origins in public places

16 December 1965 – death of W. Somerset Maugham in the Anglo-American Hospital in Nice

21 December 1965 – release date of the James Bond film Thunderball in the United States; released in the UK on 29 December 1965

1966
January 1966 – Paul A. Baran and Paul M. Sweezy publish Monopoly Capital: An Essay on the American Economic and Social Order (Monthly Review Press)

6–9 April 1966 – conference called “Man the Hunter” held at the Center for Continuing Education, University of Chicago, which promulgates myths about hunter-gatherers

June 1966 – Gore Vidal and Austen take the Via di Torre Argentina, Rome, Italy

June 1966–1993 – Gore Vidal has a house in Rome at Via di Torre Argentina until 1993 when he lives year round in La Rondinaia

August 1966 – George Lincoln Rockwell holds a rally in Chicago against a desegregation effort led by Martin Luther King, Jr.

5 August 1966 – release date of the film Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D., starring Peter Cushing

8 September–29 December 1966 – 1966 episodes of Season 1 of Star Trek: The Original Series:
8 September 1966 – “The Man Trap”
15 September 1966 – “Charlie X”
22 September 1966 – “Where No Man Has Gone Before”
29 September 1966 – “The Naked Time”
6 October 1966 – “The Enemy Within”
13 October 1966 – “Mudd’s Women”
20 October 1966 – “What Are Little Girls Made of?”
27 October 1966 – “Miri”
3 November 1966 – “Dagger of the Mind”
10 November 1966 – “The Corbomite Maneuver”
17 and 24 November 1966 – “The Menagerie”
8 December 1966 – “The Conscience of the King”
15 December 1966 – “Balance of Terror”
29 December 1966 – “Shore Leave”

Fictional Dates
2258 AD – events of Star Trek (2009) (alternate timeline)
2259 AD – events of Star Trek: Into Darkness (alternate timeline)
2265–2270 AD – James T. Kirk as captain of the starship Enterprise on a historic five-year mission
2266–2267 AD – Star Trek season 1 (1966–1967)
2267–2268 AD – Star Trek season 2 (1967–1968)
2268–2269 AD – Star Trek season 3 (1968–1969)
2273 AD – Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979)
2285 AD – The Wrath of Khan (1982) and The Search for Spock (1984)
2286 AD – The Voyage Home (1986)
2287 AD – The Final Frontier (1989)
2371 AD – Generations (1994)
2364–2370 AD – The Next Generation seasons 1–7 (1987–1994)
2387 AD – Star Trek (2009)
6 September 1966 – Hendrik Verwoerd assassinated in Cape Town, after entering the House of Assembly

10 September 1966–29 October 1966 – broadcast dates of first part of Season 4 (1966–1967) of Doctor Who, starring William Hartnell:
10 September 1966–1 October 1966 – “The Smugglers”
8 October 1966–29 October 1966 – “The Tenth Planet”

Fictional Dates
1600s – fictional date of the Doctor Who serial “The Smugglers,” set in Cornwall
December 1986 – fictional date of the Doctor Who serial “The Tenth Planet,” set at the Snowcap space tracking station in Antarctica
13 September 1966–2 October 1978 – Balthazar Johannes “B. J.” Vorster is Prime Minister of South Africa

27 September 1966–28 November 1967 – serialisation of Flight 714 to Sydney in Tintin magazine

5 November 1966–21 June 1969 – period of Doctor Who with Patrick Troughton as the Second Doctor

5 November 1966–1 July 1967 – broadcast dates of Season 4 (1966–1967) of Doctor Who, starring Patrick Troughton:
5 November 1966–10 December 1966 – “The Power of the Daleks”
17 December 1966–7 January 1967 – “The Highlanders”
14 January 1967–4 February 1967 – “The Underwater Menace”
11 February 1967–4 March 1967 – “The Moonbase”
11 March 1967–1 April 1967 – “The Macra Terror”
8 April 1967–13 May 1967 – “The Faceless Ones”
20 May 1967–1 July 1967 – “The Evil of the Daleks”
“The Evil of the Daleks” (May 1967)–“Fury from the Deep” (20 April 1968) – Victoria Waterfield is a companion of the Doctor

Fictional Dates
2,220 AD – “Power of the Daleks,” set on Vulcan
1746 – “The Highlanders,” set in Scotland
after 1968 – “The Underwater Menace,” on extinct volcanic island and Atlantis
2070 – “The Moonbase,” set on the Moon
2100–2200 (or 2600) – “The Macra Terror” set on unnamed Earth colony
20 July 1966 – “The Faceless Ones,” set in Gatwick Airport and in Earth orbit
Fictional dates of the Doctor Who serial “The Evil of the Daleks”:
20 July 1966 – Gatwick Airport
2 June 1866 – England near Canterbury
Skaro
1967
1967 – English translation of Fritz Fischer’s Griff nach der Weltmacht: Die Kriegzielpolitik des kaiserlichen Deutschland 1914–1918 (Germany’s Aims in the First World War) by C.A. Macartney published

1967–2007 – A. B. Bosworth is lecturer, Senior Lecturer (1972), Assistant Professor (1975) and Professor of Classics and Ancient History (1980) at the University of Western Australia

5 January–13 April 1967 – 1967 episodes of Season 1 of Star Trek: The Original Series:
5 January 1967 – “The Galileo Seven”
12 January 1967 – “The Squire of Gothos”
19 January 1967 – “Arena”
26 January 1967 – “Tomorrow is Yesterday”
2 February 1967 – “Court Martial”
9 February 1967 – “The Return of the Archons”
16 February 1967 – “Space Seed”
23 February 1967 – “A Taste of Armageddon”
2 March 1967 – “This Side of Paradise”
9 March 1967 – “The Devil in the Dark”
23 March 1967 – “Errand of Mercy”
30 March 1967 – “The Alternative Factor”
6 April 1967 – “The City on the Edge of Forever”
13 April 1967 – “Operation: Annihilate!”
7 February 1967 – foundation of the National Front (NF) by A. K. Chesterton, after the merger of the League of Empire Loyalists and the British National Party

5–10 June 1967 – the Six-Day War

8 June 1967 – the USS Liberty incident, during the Six-Day War (5–10 June 1967)

1 July 1967–7 August 1970 – the War of Attrition between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, the PLO and their allies from 1967 to 1970

29 July 1967 – the USS Forrestal fire in the Gulf of Tonkin, caused by an electrical anomaly firing a Zuni rocket on a McDonnell Douglas F-4B Phantom, which struck an external fuel tank of a A-4 Skyhawk; flammable jet fuel spilled across the flight deck, ignited, and triggered a chain-reaction of explosions killing 134 sailors and injured 161

9 August 1967 – murder of Joe Orton by Kenneth Halliwell in Islington, London

25 August 1967 – murder of George Lincoln Rockwell while leaving a laundromat in Arlington, Virginia

2 September 1967–1 June 1968 – broadcast dates of Season 5 of Doctor Who, starring Patrick Troughton:
2 September 1967–23 September 1967 – “The Tomb of the Cybermen”
30 September 1967–4 November 1967 – “The Abominable Snowmen”
11 November 1967–16 December 1967 – “The Ice Warriors”
23 December 1967–27 January 1968 – “The Enemy of the World”
3 February 1968–9 March 1968 – “The Web of Fear”
16 March 1968–20 April 1968 – “Fury from the Deep”
27 April 1968–1 June 1968 – “The Wheel in Space”
“The Wheel in Space” (27 April 1968)–“The War Games” (21 June 1969) – Zoe Heriot is a companion of the Doctor

Fictional Dates
2,486 AD – “The Tomb of the Cybermen,” set on Telos
1935 – “The Abominable Snowmen,” set in Tibet at the Detsen Monastery (or in 1930)
c. 5000 – “The Ice Warriors,” set on Brittanicus Base
2018 – “The Enemy of the World,” set in Australia and Europe
c. 1968/ February 1969/1975 – “The Web of Fear,” set on London
1968 – “Fury from the Deep,” set in England
2079 – “The Wheel in Space,” set on Silver Carrier, Space Station W3
4–9 September 1967 – location shooting for the Doctor Who serial “The Abominable Snowmen” at the mountain pass at Nant Ffrancon, North Wales

15 September–29 December 1967 – 1967 episodes of Season 2 of Star Trek: The Original Series:
15 September 1967 – “Amok Time”
22 September 1967 – “Who Mourns for Adonais?”
29 September 1967 – “The Changeling”
6 October 1967 – “Mirror, Mirror”
13 October 1967 – “The Apple”
20 October 1967 – “The Doomsday Machine”
27 October 1967 – “Catspaw”
3 November 1967 – “I, Mudd”
10 November 1967 – “Metamorphosis”
17 November 1967 – “Journey to Babel”
1 December 1967 – “Friday’s Child”
8 December 1967 – “The Deadly Years”
15 December 1967 – “Obsession”
22 December 1967 – “Wolf in the Fold”
29 December 1967 – “The Trouble with Tribbles”
30 September–4 November 1967 – broadcast dates of the Doctor Who serial The Abominable Snowmen:
30 September 1967 – Episode One
7 October 1967 – Episode Two
14 October 1967 – Episode Three
21 October 1967 – Episode Four
28 October 1967 – Episode Five
4 November 1967 – Episode Six
October 1967–February 1970 – the US experiences a spike in inflation owing to bidding up of wages with low unemployment

c. October 1967–1970 – Christopher Hitchens at Balliol College, Oxford

26 October 1967 – John McCain shot down over Hanoi, North Vietnam

1968
5 January–29 March 1968 – 1968 episodes of Season 2 of Star Trek: The Original Series:
5 January 1968 – “The Gamesters of Triskelion”
12 January 1968 – “A Piece of the Action”
19 January 1968 – “The Immunity Syndrome”
2 February 1968 – “A Private Little War”
9 February 1968 – “Return to Tomorrow”
16 February 1968 – “Patterns of Force”
23 February 1968 – “By Any Other Name”
1 March 1968 – “The Omega Glory”
8 March 1968 – “The Ultimate Computer”
15 March 1968 – “Bread and Circuses”
29 March 1968 – “Assignment: Earth”
31 January 1968 – the Viet Cong launch the Tet Offensive

1 March 1968 – royal assent to the Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968, which reduced the rights of citizens of the Commonwealth of Nations countries to migrate to the UK; the 1968 Act was superseded by the Immigration Act 1971

April 1968 – UK Race Relations Bill

4 April 1968 – murder of Martin Luther King

20 April 1968 – Enoch Powell’s notorious address to the General Meeting of the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre, which became known as the “Rivers of Blood” speech

30 May 1968 – President Charles de Gaulle disbands the French parliament

6 June 1968 – death of Randolph Spencer-Churchill (1911–1968), son of Winston

6 June 1968 – death of Robert F. Kennedy after being shot in the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan

August 1968–November 1971 – J. R. R. Tolkien lives in retirement in Bournemouth

10 August 1968–21 June 1969 – broadcast dates of Season 6 (1968–1969) of Doctor Who, starring Patrick Troughton:
10 August 1968–7 September 1968 – “The Dominators”
14 September 1968–12 October 1968 – “The Mind Robber”
2 November 1968–21 December 1968 – “The Invasion”
28 December 1968–18 January 1969 – “The Krotons”
25 January 1969–1 March 1969 – “The Seeds of Death”
8 March 1969–12 April 1969 – “The Space Pirates”
19 April 1969–21 June 1969 – “The War Games”

Fictional Dates
? – “The Dominators” on Dulkis
? – “The Mind Robber” out of space-time in realm of the Master
spring 1969/1971/1979 – “The Invasion,” set in London
? – “The Krotons” on Gond planet
2090 AD – “The Seeds of Death,” set on space museum on Earth
2150 AD? – “The Space Pirates,” set on Space Beacon Alpha 4, V-41, LIZ 79, Ta
25 October 1968 – royal assent given to Race Relations Act 1968, which makes it illegal to refuse housing, employment, or public services to a person on the grounds of colour, race, ethnic or national origins (repealed by the Race Relations Act 1976)

5 November 1968 – the United States presidential election of 1968. Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (Republican) defeat Vice President Hubert Humphrey (Democratic). The results:
Candidate | Electoral Votes
Richard Nixon | 301
Hubert Humphrey | 191
George Wallace | 46.
1969
1969–1971 – Ernst Badian is State professor of classics at University of New York, Buffalo

20 January 1969 – Richard Nixon inaugurated as US president. Nixon’s cabinet appointments:
Vice President
20 January 1969–10 October 1973 – Spiro Agnew
6 December 1973–9 August 1974 – Gerald Ford
White House Chief of Staff
20 January 1969–30 April 1973 – Harry R. Haldeman
4 May 1973–21 September 1974 – Alexander Haig
21 September 1974–20 November 1975 – Donald Rumsfeld
20 November 1975–20 January 1977 – Dick Cheney
White House Domestic Affairs Advisor
4 November 1969–30 April 1973 – John Ehrlichman
1 May 1973–8 January 1974 – Melvin Laird
White House Adviser and Speechwriter
Patrick Buchanan
White House Counsel
20 January 1969–4 November 1969 – John Ehrlichman
6 November 1969–9 July 1970 – Charles Colson
9 July 1970–30 April 1973 – John Dean
30 April 1973–9 August 1974 – Leonard Garment
National Security Advisor
20 January 20 1969–3 November 1975 – Henry Kissinger
3 November 1975–20 January 1977 – Brent Scowcroft
US Secretary of State
22 January 1969–3 September 1973 – William P. Rogers
22 September 1973–20 January 1977 – Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of the Treasury
22 January 1969–11 February 1971 – David M. Kennedy
11 February 1971–12 June 1972 – John Connally
12 June 1972–8 May 1974 – George P. Shultz
9 May 1974–20 January 1977 – William E. Simon
Secretary of Defense
22 January 1969–29 January 1973 – Melvin Laird
30 January 1973–24 May 1973 – Elliot Richardson
2 July 1973–19 November 1975 – James R. Schlesinger
20 November 1975–20 January 1977 – Donald Rumsfeld
US Attorney General
21 January 1969–1 March 1972 – John N. Mitchell
12 June 1972–30 April 1973 – Richard Kleindienst
25 May 1973–20 October 1973 – Elliot Richardson (resigned)
4 January 1974–2 February 1975 – William B. Saxbe
2 February 1975–20 January 1977 – Edward H. Levi
Chair of the Federal Reserve
2 April 1951–1 February 1970 – William M. Martin
1 February 1970–31 January 1978 – Arthur F. Burns
Director of Central Intelligence
30 June 1966–2 February 1973 – Richard Helms
2 February 1973–2 July 1973 – James R. Schlesinger
2 July 1973–4 September 1973 – Vernon A. Walters (acting)
4 September 1973–30 January 1976 – William Colby
30 January 1976–20 January 1977 – George H. W. Bush
Director of FBI
1 July 1935–2 May 1972 – J. Edgar Hoover
3 May 1972–27 April 1973 – L. Patrick Gray
30 April 1973–9 July 1973 – William Ruckelshaus
9 July 1973–15 February 1978 – Clarence M. Kelley
20 January 1969–9 August 1974 – Richard Nixon is US president

23 February–2 March 1969 – Richard Nixon’s state visit to Europe:
23–24 February 1969 – Brussels, Belgium to the 23rd meeting of North Atlantic Council
24–26 February 1969 – informal visit to London, United Kingdom
26–27 February 1969 – West Berlin and Bonn, West Germany; address to the Bundestag
27–28 February 1969 – Rome, Italy
28 February–2 March 1969 – Paris, France; meeting with President Charles de Gaulle
2 March 1969 – Vatican City; audience with Pope Paul VI
2–15 March 1969 – the Sino-Soviet border conflict of 1969: Chinese and Soviet troops fight on Zhenbao (Damansky) Island on the Ussuri (Wusuli) River

5 March 1969 – Arthur Kinsella (New Zealand Minister of Education) formally opens the Burns Building (Arts Building), University of Otago

19 April 1969–21 June 1969 – UK broadcast date of “The War Games,” a serial of British science fiction television series Doctor Who starring Patrick Troughton

28 April 1969 – President Charles de Gaulle resigns the presidency at noon

20 July 1969 – 20:18 UTC, Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin land the lunar module Eagle on the moon at the Sea of Tranquility, as part of the United States Apollo 11 first manned mission to land on the Moon

26 July–3 August 1969 – Richard Nixon’s state visits to Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, South Vietnam, India, Pakistan, Romania, and the UK:
26–27 July 1969 – visit to Manila, Philippines to meet with President Ferdinand Marcos
27–28 July 1969 – visit to Jakarta, Indonesia, to meet with President Suharto
28–30 July 1969 – visit to Bangkok, Thailand
30 July 1969 – visit to Saigon, South Vietnam to meet with President Nguyen Van Thieu
31 July–1 August 1969 – visit to New Delhi, India
1–2 August 1969 – visit to Lahore, Pakistan
2–3 August 1969 – Richard Nixon visits Bucharest, Romania, to meet with President Nicolae Ceaușescu
3 August 1969 – Richard Nixon meets Prime Minister Harold Wilson in Britain
August 1969 – the Sino-Soviet border conflict of 1969 along the western section of the Sino-Soviet border in Xinjiang; the Tasiti incident; the Bacha Dao incident; the Tielieketi Incident

8 September 1969 – Richard Nixon visits Mexico for the dedication of Amistad Dam with President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz

October 1969 – Karl Popper retires as professor of logic and scientific method at the University of London

December 1969–1977 – Friedrich Hayek is professor at the University of Salzburg, Austria

1970
1970–4 September 1989 – Ronald Syme is Fellow of Wolfson College, Oxford

3 January 1970–8 June 1974 – period of Doctor Who with Jon Pertwee as the Third Doctor

3 January 1970–20 June 1970 – broadcast dates of Season 7 of Doctor Who, starring Jon Pertwee:
3, 10, 17, 24 January 1970 – “Spearhead from Space”
31 January 1970; 7, 14, 21, 28 February 1970; 7, 14 March 1970 – “Doctor Who and the Silurians”
21, 28 March 1970; 4, 11, 18, 25 April 1970; 2 May 1970 – “The Ambassadors of Death”
9, 16, 23, 30 May 1970; 6, 13, 20 June 1970 – “Inferno”

Fictional Dates
1971 – “The Invasion”
1972–October 1973? – the Third Doctor’s exile on Earth
1972 – “Spearhead from Space”
1972 – “Doctor Who and the Silurians”
1972 – “The Ambassadors of Death”
c. 23 July 1972 – “Inferno”
summer 1972 – “Terror of the Autons”
winter 1972 – “The Claws of Axos”
2 February 1970 – death of Bertrand Russell in Penrhyndeudraeth, Wales

15 March 1970 – the first operational Soviet SAM site in Egypt completed

9 May 1970–20 June 1970 – UK broadcast date of “Inferno,” a serial of British science fiction television series Doctor Who starring Jon Pertwee

c. 15 March 1970 – Don Whillans while at the base camp of Machapuchare (near the south base camp of Annapurna I) on Chris Bonington’s Annapurna South Face expedition claims to see a yeti

18 June 1970 – the United Kingdom general election of 1970. The Conservatives under Edward Heath won:
Party | Candidate | Seats
Conservative | Edward Heath | 330
Labour | Harold Wilson | 288
Liberal | Jeremy Thorpe | 6
SNP | William Wolfe | 1.
19 June 1970–4 March 1974 – Edward Heath is British Prime Minister. Prime Ministers:
Labour
16 October 1964–19 June 1970 – Harold Wilson
Conservative
19 June 1970–4 March 1974 – Edward Heath
Labour
4 March 1974 – 5 April 1976 – Harold Wilson
5 April 1976 – 4 May 1979 – James Callaghan
Conservative
4 May 1979–28 November 1990 – Margaret Thatcher.
August 1970 – Senator Ted Kennedy introduces a bipartisan bill for universal national health insurance

7 August 1970 – a cease-fire agreement between Israel and Egypt; Egypt begins to move SAM batteries into the zone

1971
1971 – Gore Vidal buys the “La Rondinaia” (“Swallow’s Nest”), a villa in Ravello on the Amalfi coast, Italy, built by Lord Grimthorpe

2 January 1971–19 June 1971 – broadcast dates of Season 8 of Doctor Who, starring Jon Pertwee:
2, 9, 16, 23 January 1971 – “Terror of the Autons”
30 January 1971; 6, 13, 20, 27 February 1971; 6 March 1971 – “The Mind of Evil”
13, 20, 27 March 1971; 3 April 1971 – “The Claws of Axos”
10, 17, 24 April 1971; 1, 8, 15 May 1971 – “Colony in Space”
22, 29 May 1971; 5, 12, 19 June 1971 – “The Dæmons”

Fictional Dates
mid-1972 – “Inferno”
late 1972–1973/1974 – Jo Grant is Doctor’s companion
late 1972 – “Terror of the Autons”
late 1972 – “The Mind of Evil”
winter 1972–1973 – “The Claws of Axos”
c. March 1973 – “Colony in Space”
2 March 2,472 AD – “Colony in Space,” set on Uxarieus
April/May 1973 – “The Dæmons”
14 January 1971 – death of Helen Cushing

18 February 1971 – opening of the play Captain Brassbound’s Conversion at the Cambridge Theatre, London, starring Ingrid Bergman, Joss Ackland, Kenneth Williams

10 April–15 May 1971 – UK broadcast date of “Colony in Space,” a serial of British science fiction television series Doctor Who starring Jon Pertwee

22 May–19 June 1971 – UK broadcast date of “The Daemons,” a serial of British science fiction television series Doctor Who starring Jon Pertwee

13 August 1971 – Richard Nixon ends Bretton Woods by suspending the convertibility of the dollar into gold; he freezes wages and prices for 90 days to combat inflation and imposes an import surcharge of 10 percent

autumn 1971 – Gore Vidal first visits “La Rondinaia” (“Swallow’s Nest”), a villa in Ravello on the Amalfi coast, Italy, built by Lord Grimthorpe

30 September 1971 – foundation of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) by the Protestant fundamentalist leader Ian Paisley at the height of the Troubles

28 October 1971 – royal assent given to the Immigration Act 1971

November 1971–2 September 1973 – J. R. R. Tolkien lives near High Street, Oxford

1972
1 January 1972–24 June 1972 – broadcast dates of Season 9 of Doctor Who, starring Jon Pertwee:
1, 8, 15, 22 January 1972 – “Day of the Daleks”
29 January 1972; 5, 12, 19 February 1972 – “The Curse of Peladon”
26 February 1972; 4, 11, 18, 25 March 1972; 1 April 1972 – “The Sea Devils”
8, 15, 22, 29 April 1972; 6, 13 May 1972 – “The Mutants”
20, 27 May 1972; 3, 10, 17, 24 June 1972 – “The Time Monster”

Fictional Dates
12–14 September 1973 – “Day of the Daleks” at Auderly House
c. 2173 / 22nd century – “Day of the Daleks” in an alternative earth
3150–4000 – Galactic Federation
3885 AD – “The Curse of Peladon” set on Peladon
September 1973 – “The Sea Devils” set in Fortress Island and HMS Seaspite, south coast of England
2,973 AD – “The Mutants,” set on Solos Earth Empire
c. 29 September 1973 – “The Time Monster” set in Wootton
c. 1500 BC – “The Time Monster” in Atlantis
21–28 February 1972 – US President Richard Nixon’s 1972 visit to China

15 May 1972 – George Wallace is shot five times by Arthur Bremer while campaigning at the Laurel Shopping Center in Laurel, Maryland

June 1972 – Gore Vidal moves into “La Rondinaia” (“Swallow’s Nest”), a villa in Ravello on the Amalfi coast, Italy, built by Lord Grimthorpe

June 1972–August 2004 – Gore Vidal lives in “La Rondinaia” (“Swallow’s Nest”), a villa in Ravello on the Amalfi coast, Italy

June 1972–December 1974 – spike in US inflation from (1) an explosion in commodity prices from 1972; (2) wage–price spirals, and (3) the first oil shock

17 June 1972 – Virgilio González, Bernard Barker, James McCord, Eugenio Martínez, and Frank Sturgis arrested at the Watergate Complex in the DNC office

June 1972–January 1973 – secret meetings between Bob Woodward and “Deep Throat” (W. Mark Felt, deputy director of the FBI) take place at an underground parking garage in Rosslyn

23 June 1972 – Nixon orders that administration officials should make Richard Helms (Director of the CIA) and Vernon A. Walters (Deputy Director) request that L. Patrick Gray (Acting Director of the FBI) end the FBI’s investigation into the Watergate break-in on the grounds of national security; the tape of this is latter known as the “smoking gun” tape

4 August 1972 – Idi Amin (President of Uganda) orders the expulsion of Asian minorities

21–23 August 1972 – the 1972 US Republican National Convention, held at the Miami Beach Convention Center in Miami Beach, Florida

1 November 1972 – death of Ezra Pound in Civil Hospital of Venice

6 November 1972 – premiere of the play My Fat Friend at the Theatre Royal, Brighton, written by Charles Laurence, starring Jennie Linden, Kenneth Williams, John Inman; transferred to the Rex Theatre in Wilmslow, and 6 December opened in West End at the Globe Theatre in London

7 November 1972 – the United States presidential election of 1972, between Republican incumbent President Richard Nixon and Senator George McGovern of South Dakota (Democrat). The results:
Candidate | Electoral Votes
Richard Nixon | 520
George McGovern | 17.
30 December 1972–23 June 1973 – broadcast dates of Season 10 of Doctor Who, starring Jon Pertwee:
30 December 1972, 6, 13, 20 January 1973 – “The Three Doctors”
27 January 1973; 3, 10, 17 February 1973 – “Carnival of Monsters”
24 February 1973; 3, 10, 17, 24, 31 March 1973 – “Frontier in Space”
7, 14, 21, 28 April 1973; 5, 12 May 1973 – “Planet of the Daleks”
19, 26 May 1973; 2, 9, 16, 23 June 1973 – “The Green Death”

Fictional Dates
October 1973? – “The Three Doctors”
4 June 1926 – SS Bernice disappears in the Indian Ocean
late 1973 – “Carnival of Monsters”
3073 AD? – “Carnival of Monsters” set on Inter Minor in the Acteon Galaxy, or Acteon Group
2,540 AD – “Frontier in Space,” set on Earth, the Moon, Draconia, and Ogron planet
c. 2,540 AD – “Planet of the Daleks,” set on Spiridon
1973/1974 – “The Green Death” in London and Llanfairfach, Wales
1973
1 January 1973 – the UK enters the European Communities (EC) (or “Common Market”)

7 April–12 May 1973 – broadcast date of “Planet of the Daleks,” a serial of British science fiction television series Doctor Who starring Jon Pertwee

9 April 1973 – death of Warren Lewis in the Kilns, Oxford

30 April 1973 – Nixon fires John Ehrlichman and John Dean; H. R. Haldeman resigns

2 September 1973 – death of J. R. R. Tolkien

October 1973–March 1974 – first oil shock: Middle Eastern producers of oil institute an embargo on oil exports

6–25 October 1973 – the Yom Kippur War, between a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel; fighting mostly takes place in the Sinai and the Golan Heights (territories occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War of 1967)

10 October 1973 – Vice President Agnew resigns amid allegations of bribery, tax evasion and money laundering from his time as governor of Maryland

10 October 1973 – death of Ludwig von Mises at the age of 92 in New York

20 October 1973 – the Saturday Night Massacre: Richard Nixon fires independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox and resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus

15 December 1973–8 June 1974 – broadcast dates of Season 11 of Doctor Who, starring Jon Pertwee:
15, 22, 29 December 1973, 5 January 1974 – “The Time Warrior”
12, 19, 26 January 1974, 2, 9, 16 February 1974 – “Invasion of the Dinosaurs”
23 February 1974; 2, 9, 16 March 1974 – “Death to the Daleks”
23, 30 March 1974; 6, 13, 20, 27 April 1974 – “The Monster of Peladon”
4, 11, 18, 25 May 1974; 1, 8 June 1974 – “Planet of the Spiders”

Fictional Dates
1189–1192 – “Time Warrior”?
13th century – “Time Warrior”?
c. March 1974 / 1975 – “Invasion of the Dinosaurs” in London
2500–2600? AD – “Death to the Daleks” set on Exxilon
3935 AD – “The Monster of Peladon” set on Peladon, 50 years after Doctor’s last visit
c. March 1974 / 1976 – “Planet of the Spiders” in London
6433 AD? – “Planet of the Spiders” on Metebelis III
3 April 1974? – regeneration of Third Doctor
4–5 April 1974? – “Robot”
20 December 1973 – UK release date of the film The Golden Voyage of Sinbad, directed by Gordon Hessler, starring John Phillip Law, Tom Baker, Takis Emmanuel

1974
1974–1987 – Ludwig Lachmann travels to New York City each year and collaborates on research with Israel Kirzner

15 February 1974 – Tom Baker announced as the Fourth Doctor

23 February 1974 – the MP Enoch Powell announces his resignation from the Conservative Party

4 May 1974–8 June 1974 – broadcast date of “Planet of the Spiders,” the final serial of British science fiction television series Doctor Who with Jon Pertwee

9 May 1974 – the US House Judiciary Committee opens impeachment hearings against the President Nixon, televised on the major networks

1 July 1974 – death of Juan Perón

24 July 1974 – the US Supreme Court rules unanimously that the full White House tapes must be released

5 August 1974 – Nixon’s “smoking gun” White House tape is made public

9 August 1974 – the resignation of Richard Nixon as US president, after an address to the nation on television the previous evening

8 September 1974 – Gerald Ford’s presidential pardon of Richard Nixon

9 October 1974 – announcement of the award of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics to Friedrich Hayek and the Swedish economist Gunnar Myrdal

10 October 1974 – the UK general election of October 1974 to elect 635 members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom:
Party | Leader | MPs
Labour | Harold Wilson | 319
Conservative | Edward Heath | 277
Liberal | Jeremy Thorpe | 13
SNP | William Wolfe | 11
UUP | Harry West | 6
Plaid Cymru | Gwynfor Evans | 3
DUP | Ian Paisley | 1
National Front | John Kingsley Read | 0.
10 October 1974 – Harold Wilson re-elected as Labour PM:
UK Prime Ministers
16 October 1964–19 June 1970 – Harold Wilson (Labour)
19 June 1970–4 March 1974 – Edward Heath (Conservative)
4 March 1974–5 April 1976 – Harold Wilson (Labour)
5 April 1976–4 May 1979 – James Callaghan (Labour)
10 October 1974–11 June 1987 – Enoch Powell returns to Parliament as Ulster Unionist MP for South Down, Northern Ireland

10 October 1974–11 June 1987 – Enoch Powell is MP for South Down, Northern Ireland

28 December 1974–10 May 1975 – broadcast dates of Season 12 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
28 December 1974; 4, 11, 18 January 1975 – “Robot”
25 January 1975; 1, 8, 15 February 1975 – “The Ark in Space”
22 February 1975; 1 March 1975 – “The Sontaran Experiment”
8, 15, 22, 29 March 1975; 5, 12 April 1975 – “Genesis of the Daleks”
19, 26 April 1975; 3, 10 May 1975 – “Revenge of the Cybermen”

Fictional Dates
3 April 1976 (1974/1980)? – regeneration of Third Doctor
4–5 April 1976 (1974) – “Robot”
16087 AD – “The Ark in Space” on Nerva Beacon
16087 AD – “The Sontaran Experiment” set on Earth
c. 4000 BC (or 400 AD) – “Genesis of the Daleks” set on Skaro
c. 2900–3000 AD (or 2875/ 2890 AD) – “Revenge of the Cybermen” on Nerva Beacon
and Voga
1975
1975–1987 – Ludwig Lachmann (as visiting professor) organises the Austrian Economics Seminar at New York University each winter semester

13 April 1975–13 October 1990 – the Lebanese Civil War

1 May 1975 – relocation of the University of Canterbury to the Christchurch suburb of Ilam completed

5 June 1975 – United Kingdom European Communities referendum of 1975, a referendum held on support for UK membership of the European Communities (EC) (or “Common Market”); it had entered on 1 January 1973 under Edward Heath

30 August 1975–6 March 1976 – broadcast dates of Season 13 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
30 August 1975; 6, 13, 20 September 1975 – “Terror of the Zygons”
27 September 1975; 4, 11, 18 October 1975 – “Planet of Evil”
25 October 1975; 1, 8, 15 November 1975 – “Pyramids of Mars”
22, 29 November 1975; 6, 13 December 1975 – “The Android Invasion”
3, 10, 17, 24 January 1976 – “The Brain of Morbius”
31 January 1976; 7, 14, 21, 28 February 1976; 6 March 1976 – “The Seeds of Doom”

Fictional Dates
spring/summer 1976? (or January 1976) – “Terror of the Zygons” set in Tulloch Moor and Westminster
37166 AD – “Planet of Evil” on Zeta Minor
5089 BC – Sutekh cornered by fellow Osirans on Earth in Egypt
spring/summer 1911 – “Pyramids of Mars” set in England and Mars
8911 AD – Sutekh the Osiran dies of old age in a time corridor
June 1976 – “The Android Invasion” on Oseidon and Devesham
4723 AD? – “The Brain of Morbius” set on Karn
autumn 1976 – “The Seeds of Doom” in Antarctica and England
1976
21 March–4 April 1976 – filming of Star Wars in Tunisia

7 April–13–18 May 1976 – filming of Star Wars in Elstree Studios, England

13–18 May–16 July 1976 – filming of Star Wars in Shepperton Studios, England

September 1976 – Luigi Pasinetti returns to the Università Cattolica Milano

4 September 1976–2 April 1977 – broadcast dates of Season 14 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
4, 11, 18, 25 September 1976 – “The Masque of Mandragora”
2, 9, 16, 23 October 1976 – “The Hand of Fear”
30 October 1976; 6, 13, 20 November 1976 – “The Deadly Assassin”
1, 8, 15, 22 January 1977 – “The Face of Evil”
29 January 1977; 5, 12, 19 February 1977 – “The Robots of Death”
26 February 1977; 5, 12, 19, 26 March 1977; 2 April 1977 – “The Talons of Weng-Chiang”

Fictional Dates
1492 – “The Masque of Mandragora” set in San Martino, Italy and Mandragora Helix
late 1976 – “The Hand of Fear” in England and Kastria
late 1976 – Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart retires
? – “The Deadly Assassin”
20,000 AD? – “The Face of Evil” on unnamed planet and inside Xoanon
2865 AD? – “The Robots of Death” set in Storm Mine 4
1889 – “The Talons of Weng-Chiang” set in London
2 November 1976 – the United States presidential election of 1976 between Jimmy Carter with Walter Mondale and President Gerald Ford with Bob Dole (the U.S. Senator from Kansas). The results:
Candidate | Electoral vote
Jimmy Carter | 297
Gerald Ford | 240.
1977
March 1977 – filming of Star Wars at the Mayan Tikal city in Guatemala

17 April 1977–1 March 1982 – broadcast dates of In Search of..., narrated by Rod Serling and Leonard Nimoy, and created by Alan Landsburg

25 May 1977 – US release date of Star Wars: Episode IV: A New Hope directed by George Lucas

3 September 1977–11 March 1978 – broadcast dates of Season 15 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
3, 10, 17, 24 September 1977 – “Horror of Fang Rock”
1, 8, 15, 22 October 1977 – “The Invisible Enemy”
29 October 1977; 5, 12, 19 November 1977 – “Image of the Fendahl”
26 November 1977; 3, 10, 17 December 1977 – “The Sun Makers”
7, 14, 21, 28 January 1978 – “Underworld”
4, 11, 18, 25 February 1978; 4, 11 March 1978 – “The Invasion of Time”

Fictional Dates
1902 – “Horror of Fang Rock,” set near Worthing
3150–4000 – Galactic Federation
c. 4100–4200 – Second Great and Bountiful Human Empire
5,000 AD – “The Invisible Enemy” set on Titan Base, Bi-Al Foundation
1977 – “Image of the Fendahl” set in Fetch Priory, Fetchborough
3,000,000 AD? – “The Sun Makers” set on Megropolis One, Pluto
? – “Underworld” set at edge of the cosmos on the R1C
? – “The Invasion of Time” set on Gallifrey
26 September 1977 – live action filming of the BBC series Blake’s 7 begins at Ealing film studios (continues until 15 March 1978)

1978
2 January 1978–21 December 1981 – broadcast dates of Blake’s 7, a BBC British science fiction television series

2 January–27 March 1978 – broadcast dates of Series 1 of the TV series Blake’s 7:
Series 1:
2 January 1978 – “The Way Back”
9 January 1978 – “Space Fall”
16 January 1978 – “Cygnus Alpha”
23 January 1978 – “Time Squad”
30 January 1978 – “The Web”
6 February 1978 – “Seek-Locate-Destroy”
13 February 1978 – “Mission to Destiny”
20 February 1978 – “Duel”
27 February 1978 – “Project Avalon”
6 March 1978 – “Breakdown”
13 March 1978 – “Bounty”
20 March 1978 – “Deliverance”
27 March 1978 – “Orac.”
2 September 1978–24 February 1979 – broadcast dates of Season 16 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
2, 9, 16, 23 September 1978 – “The Ribos Operation”
30 September 1978; 7, 14, 21 October 1978 – “The Pirate Planet”
28 October 1978; 4, 11, 18 November 1978 – “The Stones of Blood”
25 November 1978; 2, 9, 16 December 1978 – “The Androids of Tara”
23, 30 December 1978; 6, 13 January 1979 – “The Power of Kroll”
20, 27 January 1979; 3, 10, 17, 24 February 1979 – “The Armageddon Factor”

Fictional Dates
3773 AD? (or far future) – “The Ribos Operation”
1978 – “The Pirate Planet” on Zanak and Calufrax
late 1978 – “The Stones of Blood” in Boscombe Moor, Cornwall
2378 AD – “The Androids of Tara” on Tara
5000–5100 AD – “The Power of Kroll” on Delta III
1979? – “The Armageddon Factor” on Atrios, Zeos, the third planet
1979
9 January–3 April 1979 – broadcast dates of Series 2 of Blake’s 7:
9 January 1979 – “Redemption”
16 January 1979 – “Shadow”
23 January 1979 – “Weapon”
30 January 1979 – “Horizon”
6 February 1979 – “Pressure Point”
13 February 1979 – “Trial”
20 February 1979 – “Killer”
27 February 1979 – “Hostage”
6 March 1979 – “Countdown”
13 March 1979 – “Voice from the Past”
20 March 1979 – “Gambit”
27 March 1979 – “The Keeper”
3 April 1979 – “Star One.”
3 May 1979 – the UK general election of 1979:
Party | Leader | Seats
Conservative | Margaret Thatcher | 339
Labour | James Callaghan | 269
Liberal | David Steel | 11
SNP | William Wolfe | 2
UUP | Harry West | 5
National Front | John Tyndall | 0
Plaid Cymru | Gwynfor Evans | 2
DUP | Ian Paisley | 3.
1 September 1979–12 January 1980 – broadcast dates of Season 17 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
1, 8, 15, 22 September 1979 – “Destiny of the Daleks”
29 September 1979; 6, 13, 20 October 1979 – “City of Death”
27 October 1979; 3, 10, 17 November 1979 – “The Creature from the Pit”
24 November 1979; 1, 8, 15 December 1979 – “Nightmare of Eden”
22, 29 December 1979; 5, 12 January 1980 – “The Horns of Nimon”

Fictional Dates
c. 4949 (or 4500/5440 AD) – “Destiny of the Daleks” set on Skaro
c. 4949–c. 5039 AD – last years of the Dalek-Movellan War
May/June 1979 – “City of Death” in Paris
1505 – “City of Death” in Florence
1979? – “The Creature from the Pit” on Chloris
2116 AD – “Nightmare of Eden” set on the Empress
? – “The Horns of Nimon” on Skonnos
1980
7 January–31 March 1980 – broadcast dates of Series 3 of the TV series Blake’s 7:
7 January 1980 – “Aftermath”
14 January 1980 – “Powerplay”
21 January 1980 – “Volcano”
28 January 1980 – “Dawn of the Gods”
4 February 1980 – “The Harvest of Kairos”
11 February 1980 – “City at the Edge of the World”
18 February 1980 – “Children of Auron”
25 February 1980 – “Rumours of Death”
3 March 1980 – “Sarcophagus”
10 March 1980 – “Ultraworld”
17 March 1980 – “Moloch”
24 March 1980 – “Death-Watch”
31 March 1980 – “Terminal.”
30 August 1980–21 March 1981 – broadcast dates of Season 18 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
30 August 1980; 6, 13, 20 September 1980 – “The Leisure Hive”
27 September 1980; 4, 11, 18 October 1980 – “Meglos”
25 October 1980; 1, 8, 15 November 1980 – “Full Circle”
22, 29 November 1980; 6, 13 December 1980 – “State of Decay”
3, 10, 17, 24 January 1981 – “Warriors’ Gate”
31 January 1981; 7, 14, 21 February 1981 – “The Keeper of Traken”
28 February 1981; 7, 14, 21 March 1981 – “Logopolis”

Fictional Dates
October 1980 – “The Five Doctors” with the 4th Doctor at Cambridge
late 1980 – “The Leisure Hive” on Brighton Beach
2290 AD – “The Leisure Hive” set on Argolis
late 1980 – “Meglos” set on Zolfa-Thura and Tigella
c. 2400–c. 3000 – period of the Earth Empire
3150–4000 – Galactic Federation
2127 AD (or 2180) AD – the Hydrax pulled through a CVE into E-Space with the Great Vampire
3127 AD – “State of Decay” set in E-Space
3127 AD? – “Full Circle”
1981 – “The Keeper of Traken” on Traken
28 February 1981 – “Logopolis” set in London, Pharos Project, Sussex
4 November 1980 – the United States presidential election of 1980 between the Democratic incumbent President Jimmy Carter (with Vice President Walter Mondale from Minnesota) and the Republican Ronald Reagan (former Governor from California) with George H. W. Bush. The results:
Candidate | Electoral vote
Ronald Reagan | 489
Jimmy Carter | 49.
1981
1981 – Stephen Jay Gould publishes The Mismeasure of Man

20 January 1981 – inauguration of Ronald Reagan as US president

20 January 1981–20 January 1989 – Ronald Reagan is US president

30 March 1981 – release date of the film Chariots of Fire, directed by Hugh Hudson

12 June 1981 – US release date of the film Raiders of the Lost Ark, directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Harrison Ford, Karen Allen, John Rhys-Davies, and Denholm Elliott

19 June 1981 – release date of the film The Cannonball Run, directed by Hal Needham, and starring Burt Reynolds, Jackie Chan, and Roger Moore

24 June 1981 – release date of the film For Your Eyes Only, directed by John Glen

10 July 1981 – US release date of the film Escape from New York, directed by John Carpenter, starring Kurt Russell, Lee Van Cleef, Ernest Borgnine, Donald Pleasence

21 August 1981 – release date of the film An American Werewolf in London, directed by John Landis, and starring David Naughton, Jenny Agutter and Griffin Dunne

28 September–21 December 1981 – broadcast dates of Series 4 of Blake’s 7, a BBC British science fiction television series

6 November 1981 – US release date of the film Time Bandits, directed by Terry Gilliam and starring Sean Connery, John Cleese, Ian Holm, Michael Palin, and Peter Vaughn

1982
4 January 1982–30 March 1982 – broadcast dates of Season 19 of Doctor Who, starring Tom Baker:
4, 5, 11, 12 January 1982 – “Castrovalva”
18, 19, 25, 26 January 1982 – “Four to Doomsday”
1, 2, 8, 9 February 1982 – “Kinda”
15, 16, 22, 23 February 1982 – “The Visitation”
1, 2 March 1982 – “Black Orchid”
8, 9, 15, 16 March 1982 – “Earthshock”
22, 23, 29, 30 March 1982 – “Time-Flight”

Fictional Dates
1981 – “Logopolis” set in London, Pharos Project, Sussex
13.8 billion years ago – “Castrovalva” at the Big Bang
? – “Castrovalva” set on Castrovalva in Andromeda Galaxy in Phylox series
1981 – “Four to Doomsday” set on Monarch’s ship
3150–4000 – Galactic Federation
c. 3850 AD – “Kinda” set on planet Deva Loka
August–September 1666 – “The Visitation” set in area near Heathrow Airport and London
11 June 1925 – 3 pm: “Black Orchid” set at Cranleigh Hall
2526 AD – “Earthshock” set on Earth and in solar system on Briggs’ freighter
1982 – “Time-Flight” set in Heathrow Airport
201.3–145 million years ago – Jurassic period
140,000,000 BC (140 million years ago) – “Time-Flight” set in ancient Britain near Heathrow Airport
7 April 1982 – foundation of the far-right British National Party (BNP) at a press conference in Victoria by John Tyndall

4 June 1982 – US release date of the film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, directed by Nicholas Meyer

6 June 1982–June 1985 – the 1982 Lebanon War (First Lebanon War), a war between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in Lebanon

11 June 1982 – US release date of the film E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, directed by Steven Spielberg

14 June–21 August 1982 – Israeli forces lay siege to Beirut

25 June 1982 – US release date of the film Blade Runner, directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, and Sean Young

July 1982 – Stephen Jay Gould diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma, a form of cancer

12 August 1982 – President Ronald Reagan calls Menachem Begin and insists that attacks on Beirut be halted

17 December 1982 – US release date of the film Tootsie, directed by Sydney Pollack, and starring Dustin Hoffman and Bill Murray

17 December 1982 – US release date of the film The Dark Crystal, directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz

1983
18 April–26 August 1983 – principal filming of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom:
18 April–May 1983 – filming begins in Kandy, Sri Lanka
5 May 1983 – filming moves to Elstree Studios in Hertfordshire, England
26 August – principal photography finishes
1984
5 January 1984–16 March 1984 – broadcast dates of Season 21 of Doctor Who, starring Peter Davison:
5, 6, 12, 13 January 1984 – “Warriors of the Deep”
19, 20 January 1984 – “The Awakening”
26, 27 January 1984; 2, 3 February 1984 – “Frontios”
8, 15 February 1984 – “Resurrection of the Daleks”
23, 24 February 1984; 1, 2 March 1984 – “Planet of Fire”
8, 9, 15, 16 March 1984 – “The Caves of Androzani”

Fictional Dates
2084 AD – “Warriors of the Deep” set on Sea Base 4
1984 – “The Awakening” set in Little Hodcombe
10,000,040 AD – “Frontios”
1984 – “Resurrection of the Daleks” set in London docklands
c. 5039 AD – “Resurrection of the Daleks” set in Prison Station
9 May 1984 – “Planet of Fire” set in Lanzarote and Sarn
5000–5100 AD – “The Caves of Androzani” set on Androzani Minor and Major
1984
22 March–30 March 1984 – broadcast dates of Season 21 of Doctor Who, starring Colin Baker:
22, 23, 29, 30 March 1984 – “The Twin Dilemma”

Fictional Dates
2310 AD – “The Twin Dilemma” set on Titan III and Jaconda
6 November 1984 – 1984 United States presidential election:
Candidate | Party | % | Electoral
vote
Ronald Wilson Reagan | Republican | 58.77% | 525
Walter Mondale | Democratic | 40.56% | 13
David Bergland | Libertarian | 0.25% | 0
1985
5 January–30 March 1985 – – broadcast dates of Season 22 of Doctor Who, starring Colin Baker:
5, 12 January 1985 – “Attack of the Cybermen”
19, 26 January 1985 – “Vengeance on Varos”
2, 9 February 1985 – “The Mark of the Rani”
16, 23 February 1985; 2 March 1985 – “The Two Doctors”
9, 16 March 1985 – “Timelash”
23, 30 March 1985 – “Revelation of the Daleks”

Fictional Dates
1985 – “Attack of the Cybermen” in London
2530 AD (or 2495) – “Attack of the Cybermen” on Telos
late 2200s – “Vengeance on Varos” on Varos
1822? – “The Mark of the Rani” in Killingworth
summer 1985? – “The Two Doctors” set in Space Station Camera and Seville
1885 – “Timelash” in Karfel and Scotland
c. 4100–4200 – Second Great and Bountiful Human Empire
4610 AD? (post 3700–3800 AD) – “Revelation of the Daleks” on Tranquil Repose, Necros
spring 1985 – David Horowitz publishes an article for The Washington Post Magazine entitled “Lefties for Reagan”

29 September 1985–21 May 1992 – broadcast dates of US TV series MacGyver

10 October 1985 – death of Orson Welles in his Hollywood house

15 November 1985 – signing of the Anglo-Irish Agreement at Hillsborough Castle by Margaret Thatcher and the Irish Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald

1986
1986 – David Horowitz publishes “Why I Am No Longer a Leftist” in The Village Voice

6 September–6 December 1986 – broadcast dates of Season 23 of Doctor Who, starring Colin Baker:
6, 13, 20, 27 September 1986 – “The Mysterious Planet”
4, 11, 18, 25 October 1986 – “Mindwarp”
1, 8, 15, 22 November 1986 – “Terror of the Vervoids”
29 November 1986; 6 December 1986 – “The Ultimate Foe”

Fictional Dates
2,000,000 AD – “The Mysterious Planet” on Earth
2379 AD – “Mindwarp” on Thoros-Beta
c. 2400–c. 3000 – period of the Earth Empire
2986 AD – “Terror of the Vervoids” on The Hyperion III
? – “The Ultimate Foe”
9 October 1986 – launch date of Fox Broadcasting Company

1987
11 July 1987–21 August 1988 – broadcast date of the TV series Werewolf

17 July 1987 – release date of the film RoboCop, directed by Paul Verhoeven, starring Peter Weller, Nancy Allen, Daniel O’Herlihy, Ronny Cox

7 September–7 December 1987 – broadcast dates of Season 24 of Doctor Who, starring Sylvester McCoy:
7, 14, 21, 28 September 1987 – “Time and the Rani”
5, 12, 19, 26 October 1987 – “Paradise Towers”
2, 9, 16 November 1987 – “Delta and the Bannermen”
23, 30 November 1987; 7 December 1987 – “Dragonfire”

Fictional Dates
? – “Time and the Rani” on Lakertya
before 2158 – “Paradise Towers” in Paradise Towers
1959 – “Delta and the Bannermen” in South Wales
post-1959 – “Delta and the Bannermen” in Toll port G715
c. 2,000,000 AD – “Dragonfire” Iceworld, Svartos
1988
15 April 1988 – death of Kenneth Williams in his Osnaburgh Street flat, London

8 August 1988 – release date of Straight Outta Compton, debut studio album of N.W.A on Ruthless Records label

6 September 1988–16 February 1993 – broadcast date of Count Duckula, a British animated television series created by British studio Cosgrove Hall Films

5 October 1988–4 January 1989 – broadcast dates of Season 25 of Doctor Who, starring Sylvester McCoy:
5, 12, 19, 26 October 1988 – “Remembrance of the Daleks”
2, 9, 16 November 1988 – “The Happiness Patrol”
23, 30 November 1988; 7 December 1988 – “Silver Nemesis”
14, 21, 28 December 1988; 4 January 1989 – “The Greatest Show in the Galaxy”

Fictional Dates
29–30 November 1963 – “Remembrance of the Daleks” in Shoreditch
2300–2400 – “The Happiness Patrol” on Terra Alpha
November 1988 – “Silver Nemesis” in Windsor, England
5089 AD? – “The Greatest Show in the Galaxy”
1989
4 September 1989 – death of Ronald Syme from cancer after collapsing in his room in August in Wolfson College, Oxford

6 September 1989–6 December 1989 – broadcast dates of Season 26 of Doctor Who, starring Sylvester McCoy:
6, 13, 20, 27 September 1989 – “Battlefield”
4, 11, 18 October 1989 – “Ghost Light”
25 October 1989; 1, 8, 15 November 1989 – “The Curse of Fenric”
22, 29 November 1989; 6 December 1989 – “Survival”

Fictional Dates
1990s – “Battlefield” at Carbury
1883 – “Ghost Light” in Gabriel Chase, England
1943 – “The Curse of Fenric” at Maiden’s Point
c. 1989 – “Survival” in Perivale and Cheetah World
December 1989 – Ice Cube leaves hip hop group N.W.A.