Friday, March 3, 2017

Chronology of the 1990s, 2000s and 2010s

16–27 December 1989 – the Romanian Revolution, the civil unrest in Romania beginning in Timișoara and spreading throughout the nation, which ends in a show trial and execution of Communist leader Nicolae Ceaușescu and the end of Communist rule

25 December 1989 – execution of Nicolae Ceaușescu and Elena Ceaușescu

1990s
1990
March 1990 – the UK far-right Official National Front disbanded

2 March 1990 – US release date of the film The Hunt for Red October, directed by John McTiernan

13 July 1990 – US release date of the film Ghost, directed by Jerry Zucker and starring Patrick Swayze, Demi Moore, Whoopi Goldberg

30 March 1990 – US release date of the film Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, directed by Steve Barron

25 May 1990 – US release date of the film Back to the Future Part III, directed by Robert Zemeckis

1 June 1990 – US release date of the film Total Recall, directed by Paul Verhoeven, and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger

29 June 1990 – US release date of the film Die Hard 2, directed by Renny Harlin

2–4 August 1990 – the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

19 September 1990 – US release date of the film Goodfellas, directed by Martin Scorsese

9 November 1990 – US release date of the film Dances with Wolves, directed by and starring Kevin Costner

21 November 1990 – US release date of the film Predator 2, directed by Stephen Hopkins

28 November 1990 – resignation of Margaret Thatcher as British Prime Minister after a challenge for the leadership of the Conservative Party by Michael Heseltine

29 November 1990 – the Immigration Act of 1990 is signed into law by George H. W. Bush; this increased total immigration to 700,000 immigrants per year for the fiscal years 1992–1994, and 675,000 per year from 1995

1991
17 January – 28 February 1991 – the Gulf War (or Operation Desert Storm), a war waged by the coalition forces of 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi invasion and annexation:
2–4 August 1990 – the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
2 August 1990–17 January 1991 – Operation Desert Shield
17 January – 28 February 1991 – Operation Desert Storm
10 July 1991–31 December 1999 – Boris Yeltsin is 1st President of Russia

31 March 1991–12 November 2001 – the Yugoslav Wars, a series of ethnic wars and insurgencies from 1991 to 2001 inside the former Yugoslavia:
25 June 1991 – Slovenian declaration of independence
27 June–6 July 1991 – Ten-Day War (or the Slovenian Independence War) between the Slovenian Territorial Defence and the Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA) ended with the Brioni Accords
31 March 1991–12 November 1995 – Croatian War of Independence between Croat forces and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) ends with Croatian victory
6 April 1992–14 December 1995 – the Bosnian War within Bosnia and Herzegovina between Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina forces and those of the self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat entities
5 March 1998–11 June 1999 – the Kosovo War within Kosovo between Federal Republic of Yugoslavia forces and Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) of Albanians, with air support from the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) from 24 March 1999
24 March–10 June 1999 – NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (Operation Allied Force)
12 June 1999–1 June 2001 – insurgency in the Preševo Valley, a conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the ethnic Albanian separatists of the Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac (UÇPMB); this ends in Yugoslav victory
22 January–12 November 2001 – an insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia by the ethnic Albanian National Liberation Army (NLA) against the Republic of Macedonia ending with the Ohrid Agreement
19–21 August 1991 – the 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt (or August Coup), an attempt by members of the Soviet Union’s government to take control of the country from Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev

25 December 1991 – Mikhail Gorbachev announces his resignation as President of the Soviet Union; the office was abolished and its functions handed over to Russian President Boris Yeltsin

26 December 1991 – the Soviet Union was dissolved by declaration number 142-Н of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union; the declaration acknowledges the independence of the former Soviet republics and creates the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

1992
23 March 1992 – death of Friedrich Hayek

3 November 1992 – US presidential election of 1992, with George H. W. Bush (Republican) against Bill Clinton (Democratic, who was Arkansas Governor), and independent Texas businessman Ross Perot:
Candidate | Electoral Vote | Popular Vote
Bill Clinton | 370 | 44,909,806
George H. W. Bush | 168 | 39,104,550
Ross Perot | 0 | 19,743,821.
Ross Perot won 18.91% of the popular vote, and may have helped to elect Clinton

1993
20 January 1993–20 January 2001 – Presidency of Bill Clinton
Vice President
20 January 1993–20 January 2001 – Al Gore

White House Staff Secretary
20 January 1993–30 June 1995 – John Podesta

White House Chief of Staff
20 January 1993–17 July 1994 – Mack McLarty
17 July 1994–20 January 1997 – Leon Panetta
20 January 1997–20 October 1998 – Erskine Bowles
20 October 1998–20 January 2001 – John Podesta

Senior Advisors to the President
20 January 1993–7 November 1998 – Rahm Emanuel (Political Affairs)
7 June 1993–10 December 1996 – George Stephanopoulos (Strategic Planning Policy)
19 August 1997–20 January 2001 – Sidney Blumenthal (Political Affairs Communications Policy)

White House Counsel
20 January 1993–8 March 1994 – Bernard Nussbaum
8 March 1994–1 October 1994 – Lloyd Cutler
1 October 1994–1 November 1995 – Abner Mikva
1 November 1995–February 1997 – Jack Quinn
February 1997–September 1999 – Chuck Ruff
September 1999–20 January 2001 – Beth Nolan

National Security Advisor
20 January 1993–14 March 1997 – Anthony Lake
14 March 1997–20 January 2001 – Sandy Berger

US Secretary of State
20 January 1993–17 January 1997 – Warren Christopher
23 January 1997–20 January 2001 – Madeleine Albright

Director of the National Economic Council
25 January 1993–11 January 1995 – Robert Rubin
21 February 1995–12 December 1996 – Laura Tyson
12 December 1996–20 January 2001 – Gene Sperling

US Secretary of the Treasury
20 January 1993–22 December 1994 – Lloyd Bentsen
11 January 1995–2 July 1999 – Robert Rubin
2 July 1999–20 January 2001 – Lawrence “Larry” Summers

Secretary of Defense
21 January 1993–3 February 1994 – Les Aspin
3 February 1994–23 January 1997 – William Perry
24 January 1997–20 January 2001 – William Cohen

Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
November 1991–August 1995 – James R. Clapper
August 1995–February 1996 – Kenneth Minihan
February 1996–July 1999 – Patrick M. Hughes
July 1999–July 2002 – Thomas R. Wilson

United States Central Command (CENTCOM) Commander
9 August 1991–5 August 1994 – General Joseph P. Hoar
5 August 1994–13 August 1997 – General J. H. Binford Peay III
13 August 1997–6 July 2000 – General Anthony Zinni
6 July 2000–7 July 2003 – General Tommy Franks

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
1 October 1989–30 September 1993 – General Colin Powell
1 October 1993–24 October 1993 – Admiral David E. Jeremiah
25 October 1993–30 September 1997 – General John Shalikashvili
1 October 1997–30 September 2001 – General Henry Shelton

US Attorney General
11 March 1993–20 January 2001 – Janet Reno

Chair of the Federal Reserve
11 August 1987–31 January 2006 – Alan Greenspan

Director of Central Intelligence
5 February 1993–10 January 1995 – R. James Woolsey Jr.
10 May 1995–15 December 1996 – John M. Deutch
16 December 1996–11 July 1997 – George Tenet (acting)
11 July 1997–11 July 2004 – George Tenet
20 January 1993 – Bill Clinton inaugurated as the 42nd President of the United States (in office from 20 January 1993–20 January 2001)

5 February 1993 – Bill Clinton signed the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993

12 February 1993 – US release date of the film Groundhog Day, directed by Harold Ramis, starring Bill Murray, Andie MacDowell, and Chris Elliott

28 February–19 April 1993 – the Waco siege, a siege of a compound belonging to the group Branch Davidians by American federal and Texas state law enforcement

26 February 1993 – US release date of the film Falling Down, directed by Joel Schumacher, and starring Michael Douglas and Robert Duvall

19 April 1993 – the end of the Waco siege: the FBI launches an assault on the Branch Davidian Mount Carmel Center; in total, 76 people died, including David Koresh

25 April 1993 – referendum in Russia held on continued privatization and Yeltsin’s economic policy. Yeltsin narrowly wins with funding from George Soros

7 May 1993 – US release date of the film Dave, directed by Ivan Reitman, and starring Kevin Kline and Sigourney Weaver, and Frank Langella

11 June 1993 – US release date of the film Jurassic Park directed by Steven Spielberg

18 June 1993 – US release date of the film Last Action Hero, directed John McTiernan, and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austin O’Brien, and Charles Dance

26 June 1993 – Bill Clinton orders cruise missile attack on the Iraqi Intelligence Service’s (IIS) principal command and control complex in Baghdad, publicly announced as retaliation for the assassination attempt by the IIS on former President George H. W. Bush while he was visiting Kuwait in April 1993

July 1993 – the foundation of New Zealand First, a New Zealand nationalist and populist party, by Winston Peters who resigned from the National Party

16 July 1993 – US release date of the film Free Willy directed by Simon Wincer

20 July 1993 – suicide of Vincent Walker “Vince” Foster

23 July 1993 – US release date of the film Coneheads, directed by Steve Barron, and starring Dan Aykroyd, Jane Curtin and Michelle Burke

6 August 1993 – US release date of the film The Fugitive, directed by Andrew Davis and starring Harrison Ford and Tommy Lee Jones

10 August 1993 – Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (or the Deficit Reduction Act of 1993) signed into law by Bill Clinton

3 September 1993 – foundation of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) as the renamed version of the Anti-Federalist League

10 September 1993–19 May 2002 – the American science fiction drama X-Files airs on Fox, with 9 seasons and 202 episodes

10 September 1993 – US release date of the film True Romance, directed by Tony Scott, written by Quentin Tarantino, and starring Christian Slater, Patricia Arquette, Dennis Hopper, Val Kilmer, Gary Oldman, Brad Pitt, and Christopher Walken

22 September 1993 – Bill Clinton makes a speech to Congress about health care reform, and a plan for universal coverage

8 October 1993 – US release date of the film Demolition Man, directed by Marco Brambilla, and starring Sylvester Stallone and Wesley Snipes

24 November 1993 – US release date of the film Mrs. Doubtfire, directed by Chris Columbus and starring Robin Williams, Sally Field, Pierce Brosnan, and Harvey Fierstein

30 November 1993 – Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Brady Act) signed into law by Bill Clinton; this introduced a 5 day waiting period on gun purchases

15 December 1993 – US release date of the film Schindler’s List directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Liam Neeson and Ralph Fiennes

1994
4 February 1994 – US release date of the film Romeo is Bleeding, directed by Peter Medak and starring Gary Oldman and Lena Olin

27 April 1994 – the first general election in South Africa in which citizens of all races allowed to take part, with universal adult suffrage. The results:
African National Congress | Nelson Mandela | 252
National Party | F. W. de Klerk | 82
Inkatha Freedom Party | Mangosuthu Buthelezi | 43
Freedom Front | Constand Viljoen | 9
10 May 1994 – Nelson Mandela inaugurated in Pretoria as President of South Africa (from 10 May 1994–14 June 1999), under the interim Constitution of South Africa (27 April 1994–3 February 1997)

15 June 1994 – former US President Jimmy Carter negotiates an agreement with North Korea to freeze its nuclear weapons program

17 June 1994 – US release date of the film Wolf, directed by Mike Nichols, and starring Jack Nicholson, Michelle Pfeiffer, James Spader

6 July 1994 – US release date of the film Forrest Gump, directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Tom Hanks, Robin Wright, Gary Sinise, Mykelti Williamson and Sally Field

September 1994 – Bill Clinton deploys a large US military force to Haiti

14 September 1994 – US release date of the film Léon: The Professional, directed by Luc Besson, and starring Jean Reno and Gary Oldman

October 1994 – publication of highly controversial book The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life by psychologist Richard J. Herrnstein and political scientist Charles Murray

14 October 1994 – US release date of the film Pulp Fiction, directed by Quentin Tarantino, and starring John Travolta, Samuel L. Jackson, and Uma Thurman

21 October 1994 – signing of the Agreed Framework between the United States of America and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, an agreement to establish a new North Korean nuclear energy program with nuclear proliferation-resistant, light-water reactor power plants; the agreement effectively broke down in 2003

4 November 1994 – US release date of the film Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, directed by Kenneth Branagh and starring Kenneth Branagh and starring Robert De Niro, Kenneth Branagh, Tom Hulce, Helena Bonham Carter, Ian Holm, John Cleese, and Aidan Quinn

11 November 1994 – US release date of the film Interview with the Vampire, directed by Neil Jordan, and starring Tom Cruise and Brad Pitt

18 November 1994 – US release date of the film Star Trek Generations, directed by David Carson, and starring Patrick Stewart, Walter Koenig and William Shatner

29 November 1994 – Yeltsin signs a decree to privatize Channel 1 without an auction; the new name is Russian Public Television (ORT). The Russian state retained 51 per cent of the shares, with the rest divided up among Yeltsin’s wealthy supporters like Berezovsky, Khodorkovsky, Friedman, and Smolensky

28 December 1994 – US release date of the film The Madness of King George, directed by Nicholas Hytner and starring Nigel Hawthorne, Helen Mirren, and Ian Holm

1995
7 January 1995 – death of Murray Rothbard

11 November 1995 – broadcast date of BBC documentary about the life of Enoch Powell called “Odd Man Out”

24 November 1995 – UK release of the James Bond film GoldenEye, directed by Martin Campbell, and starring Pierce Brosnan

1996
December 1995–June 1999 – Michael F. Scheuer serves as Chief of the Bin Laden Issue Station (“Alec Station”), and from 12 September 2001–November 2004 as Special Advisor to the Chief of Alec Station

8 February 1996 – Bill Clinton signs the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (which amends the Communications Act of 1934), an act which deregulated broadcast and telecommunications markets and which allowed for media cross-ownership; effective from 8 February 1996; it was passed the House on 12 October 1995

May–June 1996 – Alan Sokal (a physics professor at New York University and University College London) announces that his article “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity” published in the Social Text spring/summer “Science Wars” 1996 issue is fraudulent; he makes the announcement in the article “A Physicist Experiments with Cultural Studies,” Lingua Franca (1996: 62–64)

16 June 1996 – first round of the Russian Presidential elections

26 June 1996 – Yeltsin suffers a heart attack

3 July 1996 – second round of the Russian Presidential elections; President Boris Yeltsin defeats the Communist challenger Gennady Zyuganov

3 September 1996 – US cruise missile strikes on Iraq (Operation Desert Strike) against air defense targets in southern Iraq, in response to an Iraqi offensive in the Kurdish Civil War

7 October 1996–21 April 2017 – broadcast date of The O’Reilly Factor (originally The O’Reilly Report), a cable television news and talk show on Fox News hosted by Bill O’Reilly

5 November 1996 – the US presidential election of 1996

1997
20 January 1997–20 October 1998 – John Podesta is Bill Clinton’s White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations

March 1997 – the book Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies is first published by W. W. Norton, written by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); the book is subsequently published in the UK as Guns, Germs, and Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the Last 13,000 Years by Vintage in 1998

1 May 1997 – the UK general election of 1997:
Party | Leader | Vote Percentage | Seats
Labour | Tony Blair | 43.2% | 418
Conservative | John Major | 30.7% | 165
Liberal Democrat | Paddy Ashdown | 16.8% | 46
SNP | Alex Salmond |2.0% | 6
SDLP | John Hume | 0.6% | 3
UUP | David Trimble | 0.8% | 10
Plaid Cymru | Dafydd Wigley | 0.5% | 4
Sinn Féin | Gerry Adams | 0.4% | 2
DUP | Ian Paisley | 0.3% | 2
UKIP | Alan Sked | 0.3% | 0
BNP | John Tyndall | 0.1% | 0
2 May 1997–27 June 2007 – Tony Blair is Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

2 May 1997 – US release date of film Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, directed by Jay Roach, and starring Mike Myers, Elizabeth Hurley, Robert Wagner, Seth Green and Michael York

7 May 1997 – US release date of the film The Fifth Element, directed by Luc Besson, and starring Bruce Willis, Gary Oldman and Milla Jovovich

23 May 1997 – US release date of the film The Lost World: Jurassic Park, directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Jeff Goldblum and Julianne Moore

2 July 1997 – US release date of the film Men in Black, directed by Barry Sonnenfeld and starring Tommy Lee Jones and Will Smith

25 July 1997 – US release date of the film Air Force One, directed by Wolfgang Petersen, and starring Harrison Ford and Gary Oldman

31 August 1997 – death of Princess Diana (née Diana Spencer) in a car crash in the Pont de l’Alma road tunnel in Paris, along with Dodi Fayed

8 October 1997 – US release date of the film Seven Years in Tibet, directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud, and starring Brad Pitt and David Thewlis

17 October 1997 – UK release date of the film Wilde, directed by Brian Gilbert, and starring Stephen Fry

24 October 1997 – US release date of the film Gattaca, directed by Andrew Niccol, and starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, Jude Law, Loren Dean, Ernest Borgnine, and Gore Vidal

7 November 1997 – US release date of the film Starship Troopers, directed by Paul Verhoeven, and starring Casper Van Dien, Dina Meyer, Denise Richards, Jake Busey, and Michael Ironside

26 November 1997 – US release date of the film Alien: Resurrection, directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet and starring Sigourney Weaver, Winona Ryder and Ron Perlman

5 December 1997 – US release date of the film Good Will Hunting, directed by Gus Van Sant, and starring Robin Williams, Matt Damon, Ben Affleck, Minnie Driver and Stellan Skarsgård

12 December 1997 – UK release of the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, directed by Roger Spottiswoode, and starring Pierce Brosnan

19 December 1997 – US release date of the film Titanic, directed by James Cameron, and starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet

1998
1998 – retirement of Ernst Badian from Harvard

8 February 1998 – death of the British politician Enoch Powell (16 June 1912–8 February 1998)

3 April 1998 – US release date of the film Lost in Space, directed by Stephen Hopkins, and starring William Hurt, Matt LeBlanc, and Gary Oldman

19 June 1998 – US release date of the film The X-Files, directed by Rob Bowman, and starring David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, Mitch Pileggi, John Neville, and William B. Davis

24 July 1998 – US release date of the film Saving Private Ryan, directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Tom Hanks

20 August 1998 – Operation Infinite Reach, American cruise missile strikes on al-Qaeda bases in Khost, Afghanistan, and the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum, Sudan

20 October 1998–20 January 2001 – John Podesta is Bill Clinton’s White House Chief of Staff

31 October 1998 – the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998, a United States Congressional statement of policy stating “It should be the policy of the United States to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq.”

4 November 1998 – US release date of the film Gods and Monsters, directed by Bill Condon, and starring Ian McKellen and Brendan Fraser

1999
24 March–10 June 1999 – NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (Operation Allied Force)

5 April 1999 – the Russian Prosecutor’s Office issues an arrest warrant for Berezovsky for his involvement in a scam involving Aeroflot ticket sales

31 March 1999 – US release date of the film The Matrix, directed by the Wachowski Brothers, and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano

28 March 1999–10 August 2003 – broadcast period of the original series of Futurama, US science fiction cartoon created by Matt Groening for Fox

7 May 1999 – release date of the film The Mummy, directed by Stephen Sommers and starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, John Hannah, and Kevin J. O’Connor

12 May 1999–9 August 1999 – Sergei Stepashin is Prime Minister of Russia

19 May 1999 – US release date of the film Star Wars: Episode I. The Phantom Menace, directed by George Lucas

11 June 1999 – Russian military rejects Kremlin’s capitulation and orders Russian troops to seize the airport in Pristina, Kosovo. Yeltsin loses control over his military

14 June 1999–24 September 2008 – Thabo Mbeki is President of South Africa

2 August 1999–14 September 1999 – war of Dagestan in Russia; this begins when Chechnya-based Islamic International Brigade (IIB) invades the neighbouring Russian republic of Dagestan on 7 August 1999

9 August 1999 – Yeltsin fires Prime Minister Sergei Sephashin and replaced him with Vladimir Putin

16 August 1999–7 May 2000 – Vladimir Putin is Prime Minister of Russia (he becomes acting Prime Minister from 9 August 1999–16 August 1999)

26 August 1999–15 April 2009 – Second Chechen War:
26 August 1999–May 2000 – battle phase of the war
25 December 1999–6 February 2000 – battle of Grozny, the siege and assault of the Chechen capital Grozny by Russia
June 2000–15 April 2009 – insurgency phase
2 April 2003 – the 2003 Constitution of the Chechen Republic goes into force
June 2000–September 2004 – Chechen insurgents use suicide attacks in and outside Chechnya.
3 October 1999 – Austrian parliamentary elections in which the Freedom Party of Austria won 26.9% of the vote

12 November 1999 – President Bill Clinton signs the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act (GLBA) (or the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999), which repealed parts of the Glass–Steagall Act (1933) and removes barriers between banking companies, securities companies and insurance companies; effective from 12 November 1999; it was passed in the House on 1 July 1999

26 November 1999 – UK release of the James Bond film The World is Not Enough directed by Michael Apted, and starring Pierce Brosnan

31 December 1999 – in an announcement, Boris Yeltsin resigns and announces that Prime Minister Vladimir Putin is acting president, with elections due to take place on 26 March 2000

31 December 1999–7 May 2000 – Vladimir Putin is acting president of Russia

2000s
2000
26 March 2000 – the Russian Presidential elections of 2000. The candidates were Vladimir Putin (Independent) who won 53.4% of the vote, Gennady Zyuganov (Communist Party) who won 29.5% of the vote, and Grigory Yavlinsky (Social Liberal Party)

May 2000 – President Vladimir Putin established direct rule in Chechnya

7 May 2000–7 May 2008 – Vladimir Putin is president of Russia:
12 May 1999–9 August 1999 – Sergei Stepashin is Prime Minister of Russia
9 August 1999–16 August 1999 – Vladimir Putin is acting Prime Minister of Russia
16 August 1999–7 May 2000 – Vladimir Putin is Prime Minister of Russia
31 December 1999–7 May 2000 – Vladimir Putin is acting president of Russia
8 May 2008–7 May 2012 – Vladimir Putin is Prime Minister of Russia
7 May 2012–2017 – Vladimir Putin is president of Russia
11 May 2000 – Vladimir Gusinsky arrested on fraud charges in the privatization of a St. Petersburg television company, Russian Video. Gusinsky thrown into Moscow’s most notorious prison, Butyrskaya

17 July 2000 – Bashar al-Assad takes power in Syria

20 July 2000 – Vladimir Gusinsky signs secret agreement to sell his business empire for $300 million; 27 July prosecutors drop all charges against Gusinsky and he flies to Spain, never to return to Russia

28 July 2000 – Vladimir Putin meets with 18 most powerful businessmen in Russia for an unprecedented discussion

29 December 2000 – US release date of the film Shadow of the Vampire directed by E. Elias Merhige, and starring John Malkovich and Willem Dafoe

2001
20 January 2001 – Bill Clinton issues 140 pardons and commutations on his last day of office, including Almon Glenn Braswell, Marc Rich, Susan McDougal, and Roger Clinton

20 January 2001–20 January 2009 – Presidency of George W. Bush
Vice President of the United States
20 January 2001–20 January 2009 – Dick Cheney

Chief of Staff to the Vice President of the United States
20 January 2001–1 November 2005 – I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby

White House Chief of Staff
20 January 2001–14 April 2006 – Andrew Card
14 April 2006–20 January 2009 – Joshua Bolten

Senior Advisor to the President of the United States
20 January 2001–31 August 2007 – Karl Rove (resigned)
1 September 2007–20 January 2009 – Barry Steven Jackson

White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy
2001–2003 – Joshua Bolten
2003–2005 – Harriet Miers
2005–2007 – Karl Rove

White House Press Secretary
20 January 2001–15 July 2003 – Ari Fleischer
15 July 2003–10 May 2006 – Scott McClellan
14 September 2007–20 January 2009 – Dana Perino

White House Counsel
20 January 2001–3 February 2005 – Alberto Gonzales
3 February 2005–31 January 2007 – Harriet Miers
31 January 2007–20 January 2009 – Fred Fielding

National Security Advisor
22 January 2001–25 January 2005 – Condoleezza Rice
26 January 2005–20 January 2009 – Stephen Hadley

Deputy National Security Advisor
20 January 2001–26 January 2005 – Stephen Hadley
March 2005–2007 – Jack Dyer Crouch, II

Richard A. Clarke
National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection, and Counter-Terrorism, 1998–2001
Chairman of the Counter-Terrorism Security Group, 1992–2003

Elliott Abrams
June 2001– Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of the National Security Council for Democracy, Human Rights, and International Organizations
December 2002–February 2005 – Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of the National Security Council for Near East and North African affairs
2 February 2005–20 January 2009 – Deputy National Security Adviser for Global Democracy Strategy

US Secretary of State
20 January 2001–25 January 2005 – Colin Powell
26 January 2005–20 January 2009 – Condoleezza Rice

Deputy Secretary of State
26 March 2001–22 February 2005 – Richard Armitage
22 February 2005–7 July 2006 – Robert Zoellick
13 February 2007–19 January 2009 – John Negroponte

Secretary of Defense
20 January 2001–18 December 2006 – Donald Rumsfeld
18 December 2006–30 June 2011 – Robert M. Gates

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
1 October 1997–30 September 2001 – General Hugh Shelton
1 October 2001–30 September 2005 – General Richard B. Myers
1 October 2005–30 September 2007 – General Peter Pace
1 October 2007–30 September 2011 – Admiral Michael Mullen

Deputy Secretary of Defense
2 March 2001–1 June 2005 – Paul Wolfowitz

Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
16 July 2001–8 August 2005 – Douglas J. Feith
9 February 2006–20 January 2009 – Eric S. Edelman

Office of Special Plans (OSP) (September 2002–June 2003)
Director of the Office of Special Plans – Abram Shulsky
Larry Franklin

Chairman of the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee
2001–2003 – Richard Perle

Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
July 1999–July 2002 – Thomas R. Wilson
July 2002–November 2005 – Lowell E. Jacoby
November 2005–March 2009 – Michael D. Maples
March 2009–July 2012 – Ronald Burgess

Secretary of the Treasury
20 January 2001–31 December 2002 – Paul H. O’Neill
31 December 2002–3 February 2003 – Kenneth W. Dam
3 February 2003–30 June 2006 – John W. Snow
30 June 2006–10 July 2006 – Robert M. Kimmitt
10 July 2006–20 January 2009 – Henry M. Paulson, Jr.

US Attorney General
2 February 2001–3 February 2005 – John Ashcroft
3 February 2005–17 September 2007 – Alberto Gonzales
17 September 2007–18 September 2007 Paul Clement (acting)
18 September 2007–9 November 2007 – Peter Keisler (acting)
9 November 2007–20 January 2009 – Michael Mukasey

Secretary of Homeland Security (created 24 January 2003)
24 January 2003–1 February 2005 – Tom Ridge
1 February 2005–15 February 2005 – James Loy
15 February 2005–21 January 2009 – Michael Chertoff

Director of National Intelligence (created 22 April 2005)
21 April 2005–13 February 2007 – John Negroponte
13 February 2007–27 January 2009 – Mike McConnell

Chair of the Federal Reserve
11 August 1987–31 January 2006 – Alan Greenspan
1 February 2006–3 February 2014 – Ben Bernanke

Director of Central Intelligence
11 July 1997–11 July 2004 – George Tenet
12 July 2004–24 September 2004 – John E. McLaughlin
24 September 2004–21 April 2005 – Porter J. Goss
Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency
21 April 2005–5 May 2006 – Porter J. Goss
30 May 2006–12 February 2009 – Michael Hayden

Director of FBI
25 June 2001–4 September 2001 – Thomas J. Pickard
4 September 2001–4 September 2013 – Robert Mueller
24 January 2001 – Vladimir Putin meets with 21 Russian oligarchs

4 May 2001 – US release date of the film The Mummy Returns, directed by Stephen Sommers

18 May 2001 – US release date of the film Shrek, directed by Andrew Adamson and Vicky Jenson

18 July 2001 – US release date of the film Jurassic Park III, directed by Joe Johnston

11 September 2001 – 8:46 am–10:28 am (EDT): the September 11 attacks (or 9/11), a series of four terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001:
8:46 a.m. – 5 hijackers crash American Airlines Flight 11 into the northern façade of the World Trade Center’s North Tower (1 WTC)
9:03 a.m. – 5 hijackers crash United Airlines Flight 175 into the southern façade of the South Tower (2 WTC)
9:37 a.m. – 5 hijackers flew American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon
9:42 a.m. – the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) grounds all civilian aircraft within the continental US, and aircraft in flight ordered to land
9:59 a.m. – the South Tower collapses after burning for 56 minutes
10:03 a.m. – United Airlines Flight 93 with 4 hijackers crashes near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, southeast of Pittsburgh
10:28 a.m. – the North Tower collapses after burning for 102 minutes
5:21 p.m. – 7 World Trade Center building (7 WTC) collapses
The attacks killed 2,996 people, and injured over 6,000

7 October 2001 – US launches Operation Enduring Freedom, the invasion of Afghanistan

19 October 2001 – release date of the film From Hell, directed by the Hughes brothers, and starring Johnny Depp

16 November 2001 – US release date of the film Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, directed by Chris Columbus

19 December 2001 – US release date of the film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, directed by Peter Jackson, and starring Elijah Wood, Ian McKellen, Cate Blanchett, Orlando Bloom, Christopher Lee, Hugo Weaving, and Andy Serkis

2002
21 April 2002 – the first election of the French presidential election of 2002:
Candidate | Votes | Percentage
Jacques Chirac | 5,665,855 | 19.88%
Jean-Marie Le Pen | 4,804,713 | 16.86%
Lionel Jospin (Socialist Party) | 4,610,113 | 16.18%
François Bayrou (Union for French Democracy) | 1,949,170 | 6.84%.
5 May 2002 – the second election of the French presidential election of 2002 between Jacques Chirac (Rally for the Republic) and Jean-Marie Le Pen (National Front):
Candidate | Votes | Percentage
Jacques Chirac | 25,537,956 | 82.21%
Jean-Marie Le Pen | 5,525,032 | 17.79%
20 May 2002 – death of Stephen Jay Gould

11 October 2002 – release date of the film Bowling for Columbine, a documentary film written, produced, directed, and narrated by Michael Moore

20 November 2002 – UK release of the James Bond film Die Another Day, starring Pierce Brosnan

18 December 2002 – US release date of the film The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, directed by Peter Jackson, and starring Elijah Wood and Ian McKellen

2003
March 2003 – Vladimir Gusinsky arrested in London on an extradition warrant charging him with fraud while head of the Logovaz car company

20 March–1 May 2003 – the US invasion of Iraq called Operation Iraqi Freedom in which forces of the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invaded Iraq and deposed the Ba'athist government of Saddam Hussein

15 May 2003 – US release date of the film The Matrix Reloaded, the second installment of The Matrix trilogy, written and directed by the Wachowski Brothers

11 July 2003 – US release date of the film The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, directed by Stephen Norrington, and starring Sean Connery, Tony Curran, Stuart Townsend, Shane West, Jason Flemyng, and Richard Roxburgh

22 September 2003 – death of Howard Austen, long-time partner of Gore Vidal, in Los Angeles, California

23 October 2003 – George Galloway is expelled from the Labour Party

5 November 2003 – US release date of the film The Matrix Revolutions, the third and final installment of the Matrix trilogy

17 December 2003 – US release date of the film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, directed by Peter Jackson

2004
25 January 2004–18 August 2016 – period of the Respect Party, a UK left-wing political party established in London by Salma Yaqoob and George Monbiot in 2004, which grew out of the Stop the War Coalition

4 February 2004 – the day the social media network Facebook was launched, by Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes

14 March 2004 – Vladimir Putin elected to the Russian presidency for a second term, receiving 71% of the vote

22 March 2004 – publication of Richard A. Clarke’s Against All Enemies: Inside America’s War on Terror

2 April 2004 – US release date of the film Hellboy, directed by Guillermo del Toro, and starring Ron Perlman

7 May 2004 – US release date of the film Van Helsing, directed by Stephen Sommers, and starring Hugh Jackman, Kate Beckinsale, and Richard Roxburgh

14 May 2004 – US release date of the film Troy, directed by Wolfgang Petersen, and starring Brad Pitt, Eric Bana, and Orlando Bloom

18 May 2004–20 December 2007 – broadcast dates of the British TV series The Mighty Boosh: Series 1 (18 May 2004–6 July 2004); Series 2 (25 July 2005–30 August 2005); Series 3 (15 November 2007–20 December 2007)

1 June 2004 – publication of Michael Scheuer’s Imperial Hubris: Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror, originally published anonymously

4 June 2004 – US release date of the film Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, directed by Alfonso Cuarón and starring Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson, and Robbie Coltrane

25 June 2004 – release date of the film Fahrenheit 9/11, a documentary film written, directed, and narrated by Michael Moore

30 June 2004 – US release date of the film Spider-Man 2, directed by Sam Raimi, and starring Tobey Maguire, Kirsten Dunst, and James Franco

August 2004 – Gore Vidal puts his Villa La Rondinaia (or the “Swallow’s Nest”) in Ravello, Italy, on the market and returns to the US, which he held from 1972–2006

1–3 September 2004 – Beslan school siege and massacre involved the capture of over 1,100 people as hostages (including 777 children), and ended with the death of at least 385 people

11 November 2004 – death of Yasser Arafat at Percy military hospital in Clamart, Paris, France

22 November 2004–23 January 2005 – the Orange Revolution in the Ukraine, a series of protests and political events in the aftermath of the run-off vote of the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election

24 November 2004 – US release date of the film Alexander, directed by Oliver Stone, and starring Colin Farrell, Angelina Jolie, and Val Kilmer

25 December 2004 – US release date of the film The Aviator, directed by Martin Scorsese, and starring Leonardo DiCaprio

2005
2005 – publication of Jared M. Diamond’s Collapse: How Societies choose to Fail or Succeed (2005; rev. edn. 2011)

14 February 2005 – the day YouTube.com was activated; video uploads options were integrated on 23 April, 2005; YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim

26 March–18 June 2005 – UK broadcast date of Series 1 of the new series of the British science fiction program Doctor Who, starring Christopher Eccleston and Billie Piper

2 April 2005 – death of Pope John Paul II

8 April 2005 – the Requiem Mass and funeral of Pope John Paul II in Vatican City, attended by four kings, five queens, and 70 presidents and prime ministers

19 April 2005–28 February 2013 – Pope Benedict XVI (born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger) is Pope until his resignation in 2013

6 May 2005–12 April 2010 – George Galloway is Member of Parliament for Bethnal Green and Bow for the Respect Party

19 May 2005 – US release date of the film Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith directed by George Lucas, and starring Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, Hayden Christensen, Ian McDiarmid, Samuel L. Jackson, Christopher Lee

23–31 August 2005 – Hurricane Katrina

28–29 August 2005 – Hurricane Katrina hits New Orleans

17 September 2005 – the Saturday 2005 New Zealand general election, with no party majority, but the Labour Party of Prime Minister Helen Clark wins 2 more seats than the National Party

7 October 2005 – US release date of Good Night, and Good Luck, directed by George Clooney, and starring David Strathairn, George Clooney, Robert Downey, Jr., Patricia Clarkson and Jeff Daniels, a film which portrays the conflict between journalist Edward R. Murrow and Senator Joseph McCarthy

17 October 2005 – Helen Clark announces a new coalition Labour government with the Progressive Party, with confidence and supply support from New Zealand First and from United Future

8 December 2005 – UK release date of the film The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe directed by Andrew Adamson

14 December 2005 – US release date of the film King Kong, directed by Peter Jackson, and starring Naomi Watts, Jack Black, and Adrien Brody

25 December 2005 – UK broadcast date of “The Christmas Invasion,” the 2005 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring David Tennant and Billie Piper

2006
February 2006 – Gore Vidal sells the Villa La Rondinaia (or the “Swallow’s Nest”) in Ravello, Italy, to a hotelier in the town of Ravello

17 March 2006 – US release date of the film V for Vendetta, directed by James McTeigue, and starring Natalie Portman and Hugo Weaving

31 March 2006 – US release date of the film Ice Age: The Meltdown, directed by Carlos Saldanha

15 April–8 July 2006 – UK broadcast date of Series 2 of the British science fiction program Doctor Who, starring Christopher Eccleston and David Tennant and Billie Piper:
15 April 2006 – “New Earth”
22 April 2006 – “Tooth and Claw”
29 April 2006 – “School Reunion”
6 May 2006 – “The Girl in the Fireplace”
13 May 2006 – “Rise of the Cybermen”
20 May 2006 – “The Age of Steel”
27 May 2006 – “The Idiot’s Lantern”
3 June 2006 – “The Impossible Planet”
10 June 2006 – “The Satan Pit”
17 June 2006 – “Love & Monsters”
24 June 2006 – “Fear Her”
1 July 2006 – “Army of Ghosts”
8 July 2006 – “Doomsday”
19 May 2006 – US release date of the film The Da Vinci Code, directed by Ron Howard, and starring Tom Hanks, Ian McKellen, and Alfred Molina

26 May 2006 – US release date of the film X-Men: The Last Stand, directed by Brett Ratner

7 July 2006 – US release date of the film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest, directed by Gore Verbinski, and starring Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom and Keira Knightley

12 July–14 August 2006 – the 2006 Lebanon War (or Israel–Hezbollah War) between Hezbollah paramilitary forces and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights

15 July 2006 – the day the social media network Twitter was launched; Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams

14 August 2006 – Stefan Molyneux’s first video on his YouTube channel

18 August 2006 – US release date of the film Snakes on a Plane, directed by David R. Ellis

12 September 2006–27 November 2009 – Nigel Farage is Leader of the UK Independence Party

22 October 2006–15 September 2011 – broadcast dates of the British TV series Torchwood, created by Russell T Davies:
22 October 2006–1 January 2007 – Series 1
16 January 2008–4 April 2008 – Series 2
6 July 2009–10 July 2009 – Series 3
8 July 2011–9 September 2011 – Series 4
16 November 2006 – UK release date of the film Casino Royale directed by Martin Campbell, and starring Daniel Craig

24 November 2006 – UK release date of the film Pan’s Labyrinth, directed by Guillermo del Toro; it was screened at Cannes Film Festival on 27 May 2006

8 December 2006 – US release date of the film Apocalypto, directed by Mel Gibson

22 December 2006 – US release date of the film Night at the Museum, directed by Shawn Levy, and starring Ben Stiller

25 December 2006 – UK broadcast date of “The Runaway Bride,” the 2006 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring David Tennant and Catherine Tate

2007
2007 – founding of the Breitbart News Network by Andrew Breitbart, a conservative news website

9 March 2007 – US release date of the film 300, directed by Zack Snyder

31 March–30 June 2007 – broadcast date of Series 3 (2007) of the British TV series Doctor Who, starring David Tennant and Freema Agyeman:
31 March 2007 – “Smith and Jones”
7 April 2007 – “The Shakespeare Code”
14 April 2007 – “Gridlock”
21 April 2007 – “Daleks in Manhattan”
28 April 2007 – “Evolution of the Daleks”
5 May 2007 – “The Lazarus Experiment”
19 May 2007 – “42”
26 May 2007 – “Human Nature”
2 June 2007 – “The Family of Blood”
9 June 2007 – “Blink”
16 June 2007 – “Utopia”
23 June 2007 – “The Sound of Drums”
30 June 2007 – “Last of the Time Lords”
16 June 2007 – broadcast date of “Utopia,” the 11th episode of the series 3 of the British science fiction series Doctor Who

22 June 2007 – release date of the film Sicko, a documentary film written, directed, and narrated by Michael Moore

27 June 2007 – Tony Blair resigns as British Prime Minister and is succeeded by Gordon Brown

21 July 2007 – publication date of the book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book of the series, by J. K. Rowling

31 August 2007 – Karl Rove resigns from the Bush administration

2 November 2007 – the YouTube personality Pat Condell uploads his first video to his channel (2007–2017)

5 November 2007–12 February 2008 – the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, in which 12,000 screenwriters and TV writers in the guild were part of the strike

24 November 2007 – the Australian federal election of 2007, in which the Labour Party led by Kevin Rudd defeats the Coalition government, led by Liberal Party leader and Prime Minister, John Howard

25 December 2007 – broadcast date of “Voyage of the Damned,” the 2007 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring David Tennant and Kylie Minogue

2008
16 March 2008 – the investment bank Bear Stearns signs a merger agreement with JP Morgan Chase in a stock swap worth $2 a share or less than 7 percent of Bear Stearns’ market value two days before; Federal Reserve was prohibited by law from rescuing Bear Stearns, but the Fed gave money to JPMorgan to give a loan indirectly to Bear Stearns

23 March 2008–4 September 2013 – broadcast period of the series revival of Futurama in Season 5 (2008–2009), Season 6 (2010–2011), and Season 7 (2012–2013)

5 April–5 July 2008 – broadcast date of Series 4 (2008) of the British TV series Doctor Who, starring David Tennant:
5 April 2008 – “Partners in Crime”
12 April 2008 – “The Fires of Pompeii”
19 April 2008 – “Planet of the Ood”
26 April 2008 – “The Sontaran Stratagem”
3 May 2008 – “The Poison Sky”
10 May 2008 – “The Doctor’s Daughter”
17 May 2008 – “The Unicorn and the Wasp”
31 May 2008 – “Silence in the Library”
7 June 2008 – “Forest of the Dead”
14 June 2008 – “Midnight”
21 June 2008 – “Turn Left”
28 June 2008 – “The Stolen Earth”
5 July 2008 – “Journey’s End”
7 April 2008 – the New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement signed in Beijing

2 May 2008 – US release date of the film Iron Man directed by Jon Favreau, and starring Robert Downey Jr. and Gwyneth Paltrow

7 May 2008–7 May 2012 – Dmitry Medvedev is 3rd President of Russia

8 May 2008–7 May 2012 – Vladimir Putin is Prime Minister of Russia

16 May 2008 – US release date of the film The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian directed by Andrew Adamson; UK release date 26 June 2008

22 May 2008 – US release date of the film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Harrison Ford, Shia LaBeouf, Ray Winstone, and John Hurt

July 2008 – Vector Wellington Electricity Network Limited sold to Hong Kong-based Cheung Kong Infrastructure Holdings (CKI) and Hong Kong Electric Holdings Limited (HKE); on 16 February 2011 Vector changed its name to Power Assets Holdings Limited

5 July 2008 – UK broadcast date of “Journey’s End,” episode 13 of Series 4 of the British science fiction program Doctor Who, starring David Tennant

18 July 2008 – US release date of the film The Dark Knight directed by Christopher Nolan, and starring Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, and Gary Oldman

7–12 August 2008 – Russo-Georgian War, a war between Georgia and Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia

12 August 2008 – the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev announces cessation of the military operation in Georgia

25 August 2008 – the Russian parliament votes in favour of a motion to recognise Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states

26 August 2008 – the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signs decrees recognising South Ossetia and Abkhazia

7 September 2008 – Federal takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which own or guarantee about half of the U.S.'s $12 trillion mortgage market

14 September 2008 – Merrill Lynch is sold to Bank of America amidst fears of a liquidity crisis and Lehman Brothers collapse

15 September 2008 – Monday, Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcy protection; a credit freeze

16 September 2008 – Tuesday, Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s downgrade ratings on AIG’s credit on concerns over continuing losses to mortgage-backed securities, sending the company into fears of insolvency. In addition, the Reserve Primary Fund faces a run on money market funds

17 September 2008 – Wednesday, The US Federal Reserve lends $85 billion to American International Group (AIG) to avoid bankruptcy

18 September 2008 – Thursday, at 11 am the Federal Reserve notices a huge draw-down of money market accounts in the US as $550 billion was drawn out with two hours. The Treasury opened up its window to help and pumped a $105 billion in the system and quickly realized that they could not stem the tide; Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke meets with key legislators to propose a $700 billion emergency bailout through the purchase of toxic assets. Bernanke tells them: “If we don’t do this, we may not have an economy on Monday.”

29 September 2008 – the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act is defeated 228–205 in the United States House of Representatives; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation announces that Citigroup Inc. would acquire banking operations of Wachovia

1 October 2008 – the New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement comes into force

1 October 2008 – the US Senate passes HR1424, a version of the $700 billion bailout bill

4 November 2008 – the United States presidential election of 2008, between Barack Obama and Joe Biden (Democratic party) and John McCain and Sarah Palin (Republican party)

14 November 2008 – US release date of the film Quantum of Solace directed by Marc Forster, and starring Daniel Craig, Mathieu Amalric and Judi Dench; UK release date 31 October 2008

21 November 2008 – US release date of the film Twilight, first film in The Twilight Saga, directed by Catherine Hardwicke, and starring Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson, and Taylor Lautner

1 December 2008 – the Paleoconservative Paul Gottfried publishes an article called “The Decline and Rise of the Alternative Right” in Taki’s Magazine

5 December 2008 – US release date of the film Frost/Nixon directed by Ron Howard, and starring Michael Sheen and Frank Langella

25 December 2008 – broadcast date of “The Next Doctor,” the 2008 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring David Tennant

2009
19 January 2009–30 June 2011 – broadcast date of Glenn Beck’s TV program called Glenn Beck on the Fox News Channel

20 January 2009–20 January 2017 – Presidency of Barack Hussein Obama:
White House Chief of Staff
20 January 2009–1 October 2010 – Rahm Emanuel
13 January 2011–27 January 2012 – William M. Daley
28 February 2013–20 January 2017 – Jack Lew
20 January 2013–20 January 2017 – Denis McDonough

National Security Advisor
20 January 2009–8 October 2010 – James Jones
8 October 2010–1 July 2013 – Tom Donilon
1 July 2013–20 January 2017 – Susan Rice

US Secretary of State
21 January 2009–1 February 2013 – Hillary Clinton
1 February 2013–20 January 2017 – John Kerry

Huma Abedin
2009–2013 – deputy chief of staff to Clinton in the State Department

Secretary of the Treasury
26 January 2009–25 January 2013 – Timothy Geithner
28 February 2013–20 January 2017 – Jack Lew

US Secretary of Defense
18 December 2006–30 June 2011 – Robert Gates
1 July 2011–26 February 2013 – Leon Panetta
27 February 2013–17 February 2015 – Chuck Hagel
17 February 2015–19 January 2017 – Ash Carter

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
1 October 2005 –30 September 2007 – General Peter Pace
1 October 2007–30 September 2011 – Admiral Michael Mullen
1 October 2011–25 September 2015 – General Martin Dempsey
1 October 2015– General Joseph Dunford

Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
November 2005–March 2009 – Michael D. Maples
March 2009–July 2012 – Ronald Burgess
July 2012–August 2014 – Michael T. Flynn
August 2014–January 2015 – David Shedd
January 2015– Vincent R. Stewart

Director of National Intelligence (created 22 April 2005)
21 April 2005–13 February 2007 – John Negroponte
13 February 2007–27 January 2009 – Mike McConnell
29 January 2009–28 May 2010 – Dennis C. Blair
28 May 2010–5 August 2010 – David Gompert Acting
5 August 2010–20 January 2017 – James R. Clapper

US Ambassador to the United Nations
26 January 2009–30 June 2013 – Susan Rice
30 June 2013–5 August 2013 – Rosemary DiCarlo
5 August 2013–20 January 2017 – Samantha Power

Chair of the Federal Reserve
1 February 2006–3 February 2014 – Ben Bernanke
3 February 2014–2017 – Janet Yellen

United States Attorney General
3 February 2009–27 April 2015 – Eric Holder
27 April 2015–20 January 2017 – Loretta Lynch

Secretary of Homeland Security
21 January 2009–6 September 2013 – Janet Napolitano
6 September 2013–16 December 2013 – Rand Beers
23 December 2013–20 January 2017 – Jeh Johnson

Director of the CIA
13 February 2009–30 June 2011 – Leon Panetta
1 July 2011–6 September 2011 – Michael Morell (acting)
6 September 2011–9 November 2012 – David Petraeus (resigned)
9 November 2012–8 March 2013 – Michael Morell (acting)
8 March 2013–20 January 2017 – John Brennan
31 March 2009 – Benjamin Netanyahu becomes Prime Minister of Israel:
14 April 2006–4 May 2006 – Ehud Olmert (Kadima)
4 May 2006–31 March 2009 – Ehud Olmert (Kadima)
31 March 2009–18 March 2013 – Benjamin Netanyahu (Likud)
6 May 2015–2017 – Benjamin Netanyahu (Likud)
11 April 2009 – UK broadcast date of the Doctor Who special episode “Planet of the Dead,” starring David Tennant

9 May 2009–2017 – Jacob Zuma is President of South Africa

4 June 2009 – the UK 2009 European Parliament election:
Party | Vote | Seats
Conservative | 27.9% | 25
UKIP | 16.6% | 13
Labour | 15.8% | 13
Liberal Democrat | 13.8% | 11
Green | 8.1% | 2
BNP | 6.3% | 2
SNP | 2.1% | 2
Plaid Cymru | 0.8% | 1
September 2009 – Glenn Beck’s TV program called Glenn Beck on the Fox News Channel draws more viewers than competing time-slots on CNN, MSNBC and HLN

1 October 2009 – release date of the film Mao’s Last Dancer, directed by Bruce Beresford, and starring Chi Cao; general US release in August 2010

2 October 2009 – release date of the film Capitalism: A Love Story, a documentary film written, directed, and narrated by Michael Moore

15 November 2009 – UK broadcast date of the Doctor Who special episode “The Waters of Mars,” starring David Tennant

17 December 2009 – UK release date of 3D film Avatar directed by James Cameron, and starring Sam Worthington and Sigourney Weaver; US release date 18 December

20 November 2009 – US release date of the film The Twilight Saga: New Moon, the second film in The Twilight Saga, directed by Chris Weitz, and starring Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson, and Taylor Lautner

25 December 2009 – US release date of the film Sherlock Holmes, directed by Guy Ritchie, and starring Robert Downey Jr. and Jude Law

25 December 2009 – broadcast date of Part 1 of “The End of Time,” the 2009 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring David Tennant, Bernard Cribbins, John Simm, and Timothy Dalton

2010s
2010
1 January 2010 – broadcast date of Part 2 of “The End of Time,” the 2009 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring David Tennant, Bernard Cribbins, John Simm, and Timothy Dalton

3 January 2010 – the Avatar released on December 18 achieves US $1 billion in ticket sales around the world

7 February 2010 – Viktor Yanukovich is elected as Ukrainian new president

12 February 2010 – US release date of the film The Wolfman, directed by Joe Johnston, and starring Benicio del Toro, Anthony Hopkins, Emily Blunt, and Hugo Weaving

23 March 2010 – President Barack Obama signs the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) (or Affordable Care Act ACA / Obamacare) into law

26 March 2010 – US President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev agree to a nuclear arms reduction treaty

2 April 2010 – US release date of the film Clash of the Titans, directed by Louis Leterrier and starring Sam Worthington

3 April 2010 – broadcast date of “The Eleventh Hour,” the first episode of Series 5 (2010) of Doctor Who starring Matt Smith

3 April–26 June 2010 – broadcast date of Series 5 (2010) of the British TV series Doctor Who, starring Matt Smith
3 April 2010 – “The Eleventh Hour”
10 April 2010 – “The Beast Below”
17 April 2010 – “Victory of the Daleks”
24 April 2010 – “The Time of Angels”
1 May 2010 – “Flesh and Stone”
8 May 2010 – “The Vampires of Venice”
15 May 2010 – “Amy's Choice”
22 May 2010 – “The Hungry Earth”
29 May 2010 – “Cold Blood”
5 June 2010 – “Vincent and the Doctor”
12 June 2010 – “The Lodger”
19 June 2010 – “The Pandorica Opens”
26 June 2010 – “The Big Bang”
2 May 2010 - Eurozone and the IMF agree to a 110 billion euro bailout package for Greece, with Greek austerity measures

6 May 2010 – on the morning of the 2010 election, Nigel Farage was travelling in a two-seater PZL-104 Wilga aircraft with a pro-UKIP banner attached when the plane crashed

6 May 2010 – United Kingdom general election of 2010, between the Conservative Party (led by David Cameron), Labour (led by Gordon Brown), Liberal Democrats (led by Nick Clegg); the result was a hung parliament:
Party | Vote Percentage | Seats
Conservative | 36.1% | 306
Labour | 29.0% | 258
Liberal Democrats | 23.0% | 57
BNP | 1.9% | 0
Scottish National Party | 1.7% | 6
Plaid Cymru | 0.6%| 3
Green Party | 1.0% | 1
7 May 2010 – US release date of the film Iron Man 2, directed by Jon Favreau, and starring Robert Downey Jr., Gwyneth Paltrow, Mickey Rourke, and Samuel L. Jackson

14 May 2010 – US release date of the film Robin Hood, directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Russell Crowe, Cate Blanchett, and Mark Strong

29 May 2010 – Viktor Orbán becomes Prime Minister of Hungary

26 June 2010 – broadcast date of “The Big Bang,” the last episode of Series 5 (2010) of Doctor Who starring Matt Smith

25 July 2010 – Wikileaks leaks over 90,000 documents about the United States-led involvement in the War in Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010

June 2010 – Christopher Hitchens while on tour in New York taken into emergency care; he later announces he has esophageal cancer

30 June 2010 – US release date of the film The Twilight Saga: Eclipse, the third installment of The Twilight Saga, directed by David Slade, and starring stars Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson, and Taylor Lautner

13 August 2010 – US release date of the film The Expendables, directed by Sylvester Stallone, and starring Sylvester Stallone, Jason Statham, Jet Li, Dolph Lundgren, Randy Couture, Terry Crews, Steve Austin and Mickey Rourke

28 August 2010 – the “Restoring Honor” rally at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, organized by Glenn Beck, to “restore honor in America,” with main speakers Sarah Palin and Alveda King (niece of Martin Luther King Jr.)

4 September 2010 – the 2010 Canterbury earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand

24 September 2010 – US release date of the film Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps, directed by Oliver Stone, and starring Michael Douglas, Shia LaBeouf, Josh Brolin, Carey Mulligan, and Frank Langella

5 November 2010–16 September 2016 – Nigel Farage is Leader of the UK Independence Party

19 November 2010 – US release date of the film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, directed by David Yates

10 December 2010 – US release date of the film The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader directed by Michael Apted

17 December 2010–2012 – the Arab Spring, a revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests, riots, coups and civil wars in the Arab world

18 December 2010–14 January 2011 – the Tunisian Revolution, the demonstrations and protests that led to the ousting of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali

25 December 2010 – broadcast date of “A Christmas Carol,” the 2010 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring Matt Smith

28 December 2010–10 January 2012 – the 2010–2012 Algerian protests

2011
7 January 2011 – UK release date of The King’s Speech, directed by Tom Hooper, and starring Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush, Helena Bonham Carter, and Derek Jacobi

14 January 2011 – resignation of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia

25 January 2011–11 February 2011 – the Egyptian revolution of 2011

1 February 2011 – death of Ernst Badian Tufts Medical Center, Boston after a fall in his home in Quincy, Massachusetts

11 February 2011 – Hosni Mubarak resigns as Egyptian president and power transferred to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces

15 March 2011 – beginning of the Syrian Civil War

19 March–31 October 2011 – the 2011 military intervention in Libya, multi-state NATO-led military intervention in Libya, to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973

23 April 2011 – broadcast date of “The Impossible Astronaut,” the first episode of the 6th series of the British science fiction series Doctor Who:
23 April 2011 – The Impossible Astronaut
30 April 2011 – Day of the Moon
7 May 2011 – The Curse of the Black Spot
14 May 2011 – The Doctor’s Wife
21 May 2011 – The Rebel Flesh
28 May 2011 – The Almost People
4 June 2011 – A Good Man Goes to War
27 August 2011 – Let’s Kill Hitler
3 September 2011 – Night Terrors
10 September 2011 – The Girl Who Waited
17 September 2011 – The God Complex
24 September 2011 – Closing Time
1 October 2011 – The Wedding of River Song
20 May 2011 – US release date of Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, directed by Rob Marshall, and starring Johnny Depp, Penélope Cruz, Ian McShane, and Geoffrey Rush

30 June 2011 – last broadcast date of Glenn Beck’s TV program called Glenn Beck on the Fox News Channel

15 July 2011 – UK and US release date of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2, directed by David Yates, and starring Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson

22 July 2011 – US release date of Captain America: The First Avenger, directed by Joe Johnston, and starring Chris Evans, Tommy Lee Jones and Hugo Weaving

12 September 2011 – debut of Glenn Beck’s two-hour show on the subscription-based internet TV network, TheBlaze TV

20 October 2011 – death of Muammar Gaddafi, deposed leader of Libya, captured and killed during the Battle of Sirte

18 November 2011 – US release date of The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1, directed by Bill Condon, and starring Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson, and Taylor Lautner

15 December 2011 – death of Christopher Hitchens at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston

16 December 2011 – release date of Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows, directed by Guy Ritchie, and starring Robert Downey Jr., Jude Law, Noomi Rapace, and Jared Harris

21 December 2011 – US release date of The Adventures of Tintin, directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Jamie Bell, Andy Serkis, and Daniel Craig

25 December 2011 – broadcast date of “The Doctor, the Widow and the Wardrobe,” the 2011 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring Matt Smith

30 December 2011 – marriage of Georgia Moffett and David Tennant

2012
13 January 2012 – release date of The Iron Lady, directed by Phyllida Lloyd, and starring Meryl Streep and Jim Broadbent

30 March 2012 – US release date of the film Wrath of the Titans, directed by Jonathan Liebesman, and starring Sam Worthington, Rosamund Pike, Bill Nighy, Édgar Ramírez, Toby Kebbell, Danny Huston, Ralph Fiennes, and Liam Neeson

7 May 2012–2017 – Vladimir Putin is president of Russia

1 March 2012 – death of Andrew Breitbart, an American entrepreneur and conservative publisher

c. March 2012 – Steve Bannon becomes executive chair of Breitbart News LLC, the parent company of Breitbart News

29 March 2012–30 March 2015 – George Galloway is Member of Parliament for Bradford West for the Respect Party, which he wins in the March 2012 Bradford West by-election

8 June 2012 – US release date of the film Prometheus, directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Noomi Rapace, Michael Fassbender, Guy Pearce, and Idris Elba

21 July 2012 – death of Alexander Claud Cockburn, an Irish-American leftist political journalist, in Bad Salzhausen, Germany

31 July 2012 – death of Gore Vidal of pneumonia at his home in the Hollywood Hills

1–29 September 2012 – broadcast date of Part 1 of Series 7 of the British TV series Doctor Who, starring Matt Smith, Karen Gillan and Arthur Darvill:
1 September 2012 – “Asylum of the Daleks”
8 September 2012 – “Dinosaurs on a Spaceship”
15 September 2012 – “A Town Called Mercy”
22 September 2012 – “The Power of Three”
29 September 2012 – “The Angels Take Manhattan”
11–12 September 2012 – the 2012 Benghazi attack, an attack against the United States consulate and CIA annex in Benghazi, Libya by the Islamic militant group Ansar al-Sharia; the US Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens is killed

26 October 2012 – UK release of the James Bond film Skyfall directed by Sam Mendes, starring Daniel Craig and Javier Bardem; US release date 9 November 2012

6 November 2012 – the United States presidential election of 2012, held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney (the Republican former Governor of Massachusetts) and Paul Ryan of Wisconsin:
Candidate | Votes | Percentage | Electoral Votes
Barack Obama | 65,915,795 | 51.06% | 332
Mitt Romney | 60,933,504 | 47.20% | 206
Gary Johnson | 1,275,971 | 0.99% | 0
14 December 2012 – US release date of the film The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, directed by Peter Jackson, and starring Ian McKellen and Martin Freeman

16 December 2012 – the Japanese 2012 general election; the Liberal Democratic Party wins a landslide victory

25 December 2012 – broadcast date of “The Snowmen,” the 2012 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring Matt Smith and Jenna-Louise Coleman

26 December 2012–2017 – Shinzō Abe is Prime Minister of Japan for the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)

2013
1 February 2013 – Hillary Clinton leaves office as US Secretary of State (in office from 21 January 2009–1 February 2013)

28 February 2013 – Pope Benedict XVI (born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger) resigns as Pope
28 October 1958–3 June 1963 – Pope John XXIII
21 June 1963–6 August 1978 – Pope Paul VI
26 August 1978–28 September 1978 – Pope John Paul I
16 October 1978–2 April 2005 – Pope John Paul II
19 April 2005–28 February 2013 – Pope Benedict XVI
13 March 2013– – Pope Francis
13 March 2013 – Pope Francis (born Jorge Mario Bergoglio) becomes the 266th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church

23 March 2013 – Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky found dead at his home, Titness Park, at Sunninghill, near Ascot in Berkshire

30 March 2013 – UK broadcast date of “The Bells of Saint John,” first episode of part 2 of the 7th series of the program Doctor Who

30 March–18 May 2013 – broadcast date of Part 2 of Series 7 of the British TV series Doctor Who, starring Matt Smith and Jenna-Louise Coleman:
30 March 2013 – “The Bells of Saint John”
6 April 2013 – “The Rings of Akhaten”
13 April 2013 – “Cold War”
20 April 2013 – “Hide”
27 April 2013 – “Journey to the Centre of the TARDIS”
4 May 2013 – “The Crimson Horror”
11 May 2013 – “Nightmare in Silver”
18 May 2013 – “The Name of the Doctor”
8 April 2013 – death of Margaret Thatcher at the age of 87 after a stroke

17 April 2013 – ceremonial funeral with a church service at St Paul’s Cathedral of Margaret Thatcher

18 May 2013 – UK broadcast date of “The Name of the Doctor,” last episode of part 2 of the 7th series of the program Doctor Who

3 July 2013 – the 2013 Egyptian coup d’état; the Egyptian army chief General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi removes President Mohamed Morsi and suspended the Egyptian constitution

13 July 2013 – formation of Black Lives Matter (BLM), an international activist movement of the US African-American community against violence and systemic racism

21 August 2013 – the Ghouta chemical attack in Ghouta, Syria, during the Syrian Civil War in two opposition-controlled areas around Damascus

August 2013 – US plans for attack in Syria

29 August 2013 – British Parliament votes against David Cameron’s bid to join the Syrian intervention

2 September 2013 – Barack Obama’s aborted attack on Syria was to begin no later than this date

10 September 2013 – Barack Obama’s televised speech on Syria

11 September 2013 – Barack Obama decides not to launch a military strike on Syria, after an agreement with Russia by which the Syrian government to destroy all chemical weapons

4 October 2013 – US release date of Gravity, directed by Alfonso Cuarón, and starring Sandra Bullock and George Clooney

23 November 2013 – broadcast date of “The Day of the Doctor,” a special episode of the British science fiction series Doctor Who, celebrating the program’s 50th anniversary

5 December 2013 – death of Nelson Mandela in Houghton

13 December 2013 – US release date of The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, directed by Peter Jackson

15 December 2013 – state funeral of Nelson Mandela at Qunu

25 December 2013 – broadcast date of “The Time of the Doctor,” the last episode of the British science fiction series Doctor Who with Matt Smith

2014
18–23 February 2014 – the Ukrainian revolution of 2014, a series of violent protesters, rioting, and shootings in the capital Kiev culminate in the ousting of Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych

27 February 2014 – masked Russian troops without insignias take over the Supreme Council of Crimea, and captured strategic sites across Crimea, which led to the installation of the pro-Russian Aksyonov government in Crimea

8 March 2014 – the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370), which departed from Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia for Beijing Capital International Airport; the Boeing 777-200ER aircraft last made voice contact with air traffic control at 01:19 MYT, 8 March, and travelled across the Malay Peninsula and into the Andaman Sea

14 March 2014 – death of Tony Benn at his home at age 88 after a stroke in 2012

16 March 2014 – referendum in Crimea

18 March 2014 – Crimea annexed by the Russian Federation

27 March 2014 – funeral of Tony Benn at St Margaret’s Church, Westminster

7 April–12 May 2014 – the Indian general election of 2014

14 April 2014 – pro-Russian separatists take control of government buildings in many other cities within the Donetsk oblast; war in Donbass

2 May 2014 – massacre in Odessa

22 May 2014 – United Kingdom vote in the 2014 European Parliament election:
Party | Vote | Seats
UKIP | 26.60% | 24
Labour | 24.43% | 20
Conservatives | 23.05% | 19
Green Party of England and Wales | 6.91% | 3
Scottish National Party | 2.37% | 2
Liberal Democrats | 6.61% | 1
Sinn Féin | 0.97% | 1
Plaid Cymru | 0.68% | 1
Ulster Unionist Party | 0.51% | 1
British National Party | 1.09% | 0
26 May 2014 – Narendra Modi of the nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) becomes Prime Minister of India

7 June 2014 – Petro Poroshenko becomes president of the Ukraine

17 July 2014 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17), a scheduled passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, is shot down on 17 July 2014 while flying over eastern Ukraine, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board

August 2014 – beginning of the Gamergate controversy about issues of sexism and progressivism in video game culture

9 August 2014 – 12:01 –12:03 p.m. (CDT): the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, a northern suburb of St. Louis; the 18-year-old Brown was shot by Darren Wilson, after reportedly robbing a convenience store

9–25 August 2014 – first wave of rioting and looting in Ferguson, Missouri

11 August 2014 – suicide of Robin Williams at his home in Paradise Cay, California, at the age of 63

22 and 25 August 2014 – Russian artillery, personnel, and what Russia called a “humanitarian convoy” were reported to have crossed the border into Ukrainian territory without the permission of the Ukrainian government

23 August 2014 – UK broadcast date “Deep Breath,” first episode of the 8th series of the program Doctor Who

23 August–8 November 2014 – the 8th series of the British science fiction program Doctor Who, starring Peter Capaldi as the Twelfth Doctor:
23 August 2014 – Deep Breath
30 August 2014 – Into the Dalek
6 September 2014 – Robot of Sherwood
13 September 2014 – Listen
20 September 2014 – Time Heist
27 September 2014 – The Caretaker
4 October 2014 – Kill the Moon
11 October 2014 – Mummy on the Orient Express
18 October 2014 – Flatline
25 October 2014 – In the Forest of the Night
1 November 2014 – Dark Water
8 November 2014 – Death in Heaven
5 September 2014 – the Minsk Protocol ceasefire signed

18 September 2014 – the Scottish independence referendum of 2014; the results:
“Should Scotland be an independent country?”
(turnout: 84.6%)
“No” | 2,001,926 | 55.3%
“Yes” | 1,617,989 | 44.7%
22 September 2014 – the US, Bahrain, Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates begin to attack the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant inside Syria

5 November 2014 – US release date of Interstellar, directed by Christopher Nolan, and starring Matthew McConaughey, Anne Hathaway, Casey Affleck, Ellen Burstyn, and Michael Caine

24 November–2 December 2014 – second wave of unrest in Ferguson, Missouri

12 December 2014 – US release date of Exodus: Gods and Kings, directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Christian Bale, Ben Mendelsohn, Sigourney Weaver and Ben Kingsley

14 December 2014 – the 2014 Japanese general election for members of the House of Representatives; Shinzō Abe is re-elected

17 December 2014 – US release date of The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies, directed by Peter Jackson

25 December 2014 – UK broadcast date of “Last Christmas,” the 2014 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring Peter Capaldi

2015
January 2015 – Minsk Protocol ceasefire in the Ukraine completely collapsed

7 January 2015 – attack on the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris

12 February 2015 – Minsk II

3 March 2015 – US Justice Department announces that David Petraeus agreed to plead guilty in federal court in Charlotte, North Carolina to a charge of unauthorized removal and retention of classified information

3 March 2015 – the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addresses a joint meeting of the US Congress

April 2015 – the Bahar Mustafa race incident at Goldsmiths Students Union

12 April 2015 – Baltimore Police Department officers arrest Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old African American resident of Baltimore, Maryland

18 April–3 May 2015 – the 2015 Baltimore protests and riots in Baltimore, Maryland

19 April 2015 – death of Freddie Gray, a week after his arrest

23 April 2015 – David Petraeus sentenced to two years probation and a fine of $100,000

1 May 2015 – Freddie Gray’s death ruled by the medical examiner to be a homicide; 6 officers were charged with various offences:
23 May 2016 – Officer Edward Nero was found not guilty
July 2016 – Baltimore City State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby drops charges against the remaining three officers
7 May 2015 – the UK general election of 2015. The results:
Party | Leader | Vote | Seats Won
Conservative | David Cameron | 36.8% | 330
Labour | Ed Miliband | 30.5% | 232
SNP | Nicola Sturgeon | 4.7% | 56
Liberal Democrats | Nick Clegg | 7.9% | 8
UKIP | Nigel Farage | 12.7% | 1
Democratic Unionist Party | Peter Robinson | 0.6% | 8
Sinn Féin | Gerry Adams | 0.6% | 4
Green Party | Natalie Bennett | 3.8% | 1
June 2015 – Hungary begins construction of a border barrier on its border with Serbia and Croatia

7 June 2015 – death of Christopher Lee at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital of respiratory problems and heart failure

12 June 2015 – US release date of Jurassic World, the fourth instalment of the Jurassic Park series, and directed by Colin Trevorrow

16 June 2015 – Donald Trump announces his candidacy for President of the United States at Trump Tower in New York City

26 June 2015 – deciding of the US Supreme Court case Obergefell v. Hodges, in which the Court ruled in a 5–4 decision that the fundamental right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

14 July 2015 – the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (the Iran deal or Iran nuclear deal), an international agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna between Iran and China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, the US, Germany, and the European Union

6 August 2015 – first Republican Party presidential primary debate; the 2015 debates:
6 August 2015 – 1st debate hosted by Fox News, at the Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio
16 September 2015 – 2nd debate held in Simi Valley, California, and aired on CNN
28 October 2015 – 3rd debate held at the University of Colorado in Boulder
10 November 2015 – 4th debate held at the Milwaukee Theatre in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
15 December 2015 – 5th debate held at the Venetian Resort in Las Vegas, Nevada
6 August 2015 – beginning of the feud between Trump and Megyn Kelly, when Kelly stated to Trump: “You’ve called women you don’t like fat pigs, dogs, slobs and disgusting animals”

9–11 August 2015 – third wave of unrest in Ferguson, Missouri

2 September 2015 – drowning of Alan Kurdi, a three-year-old Syrian boy of Kurdish ethnic background after leaving Bodrum in Turkey for the Greek island of Kos

4 September 2015 – Chancellor Werner Faymann of Austria and Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany announce that migrants will be allowed to cross from Hungary into Austria and into Germany

12 September 2015 – Jeremy Corbyn elected Labour party leader in a landslide victory

14 September 2015 – the Ahmed Mohamed clock incident at MacArthur High School in Irving, Texas

19 September–5 December 2015 – the 9th series of the British science fiction program Doctor Who, starring Peter Capaldi as the Twelfth Doctor:
19 September 2015 – The Magician’s Apprentice
26 September 2015 – The Witch’s Familiar
3 October 2015 – Under the Lake
10 October 2015 – Before the Flood
17 October 2015 – The Girl Who Died
24 October 2015 – The Woman Who Lived
31 October 2015 – The Zygon Invasion
7 November 2015 – The Zygon Inversion
14 November 2015 – Sleep No More
21 November 2015 – Face the Raven
28 November 2015 – Heaven Sent
5 December 2015 – Hell Bent
19–27 September 2015 – Pope Francis visits Cuba, the United States, and the United Nations

22–27 September 2015 – Pope Francis visits the United States

30 September 2015 – Russian military intervention in Syria begins with air strikes in areas around the cities of Homs and Hama targeting the Syrian opposition

26 October 2015 – UK release of the James Bond film Spectre directed by Sam Mendes, and starring Daniel Craig and Christoph Waltz; US release date 6 November 2015

12 November 2015 – Thursday evening, Black Lives Matter (BLM) supporters at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, US, after demonstrations against racism entering the campus library in protests

13 November 2015 – Friday, the November 2015 terrorist attacks in Paris, France, with attacks outside the Stade de France in Saint-Denis (during a football match), several mass shootings, a suicide bombing, and mass shooting at an Eagles of Death Metal concert in the Bataclan theatre

2 December 2015 – the 2015 San Bernardino attack, in which 14 people were killed and 22 others seriously injured in a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California

7 December 2015 – the Republican US presidential candidate Donald Trump calls for a total and complete shutdown of all Muslims entering the United States

18 December 2015 – US release date of film Star Wars: The Force Awakens directed by J. J. Abrams, starring Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, Adam Driver, Daisy Ridley, John Boyega

25 December 2015 – broadcast date of “The Husbands of River Song,” the 2015 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring Peter Capaldi and Alex Kingston

31 December 2015–1 January 2016 – during New Year’s Eve celebrations, there were mass sexual assaults, rapes, and numerous thefts in Germany, mainly in Cologne, Hamburg, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart and Bielefeld

2016
20 February 2016 – the 2016 presidential campaign of Jeb Bush (the 43rd Governor of Florida) was formally suspended after the South Carolina primary

1 March 2016 – Super Tuesday voting: this decides about half of the delegate votes to win the 1,237 votes to obtain the nomination at the 2016 Republican National Convention; votes held in Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Georgia, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, and Virginia

15 March 2016 – Super Tuesday II, Republican primaries in Florida, Ohio, Illinois, Missouri, North Carolina, and N. Mariana Islands

25 March 2016 – US release date of Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, directed by Zack Snyder, and starring Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill, and Jeremy Irons

29 March 2016 – Milo Yiannopoulos publishes the article “An Establishment Conservative’s Guide to the Alt-Right” on Breitbart

22 April 2016 – signing of the Paris Agreement (an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in New York; it was effective on 4 November 2016

5 May 2016 – the 2016 London mayoral election, which was won by the Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting, Sadiq Khan

28 May 2016 – the killing of the Western lowland gorilla Harambe at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden after a child falls into the gorilla enclosure

29 May 2016 – Bill Kristol announces on Twitter that “There will be an independent candidate – an impressive one, with a strong team and a real chance”

5 June 2016 – David French (lawyer and writer for the National Review) announces he will not run for president

7 June 2016 – the final five Republican primaries in California, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico and South Dakota

12 June 2016 – the Orlando nightclub shooting by Omar Mateen in Orlando, Florida

23 June 2016 – day of the UK referendum on membership of the European Union

24 June 2016 – results of UK referendum on EU membership announced in the morning: 51.9% vote in favour of leaving the European Union

24–25 June 2016 – Donald Trump travels to Scotland to tour a pair of golf courses

26 June 2016 – the 2016 Sacramento riot outside the California State Capitol in Sacramento, California during a confrontation between left-wing and white nationalist groups

July–22 December 2016 – the siege of Aleppo by the Syrian Army:
25 June–11 September 2016 – the 2016 Aleppo summer campaign by the Syrian Army on the northern outskirts of Aleppo to cut the last rebel supply line into Aleppo
22 September–16 October 2016 – the Aleppo offensive by the Syrian Army aiming to capture all of rebel-held parts of the city of Aleppo; the Syrian Army takes 15–20% of rebel-held part of Aleppo
28 October–12 November 2016 – the Aleppo offensive by rebel forces against Syrian government forces launched on the western outskirts of Aleppo to establish a new supply line into Aleppo
15 November–22 December 2016 – the final Aleppo offensive (named Operation Dawn of Victory) by Syrian government forces against rebel-held districts in Aleppo
22 December 2016 – the evacuation of Aleppo completed and the Syrian Army declares it had taken complete control of the city
5 July 2016 – 12:35 am: the shooting of Alton Sterling, a 37-year-old black man at close range while held down on the ground by two Baton Rouge Police Department officers, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

10 July 2016 – murder of Seth Rich in Bloomingdale, Washington, DC

12 July 2016 – Bernie Sanders officially endorses Hillary Clinton at a unity rally in Portsmouth, New Hampshire

13 July 2016 – resignation of David Cameron as British Prime Minister

14 July 2016 – the 2016 Nice terrorist attack: a 19 tonne cargo truck deliberately driven into crowds celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice, France, resulting in the deaths of 86 people and injuring 434

15 July 2016 – US release date of the film Ghostbusters, starring Melissa McCarthy, Kristen Wiig, Kate McKinnon, Leslie Jones and Chris Hemsworth, a remake of the 1984 Ghostbusters

15–16 July 2016 – a coup d’état attempt in Turkey against the government of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan carried out by a faction of the Turkish Armed Forces called the Peace at Home Council; they attempted to seize control of Ankara, Istanbul, Marmaris, and Malatya

17 July 2016 – 8:42–8:48 am: the 2016 shooting of six Baton Rouge police officers by Gavin Eugene Long in the wake of the shooting of Alton Sterling

18 July 2016 – the 2016 Würzburg train attack, in which a 17-year-old migrant injured four people (two critically) with a knife and hatchet on a train near Würzburg in Germany

18–21 July 2016 – the 2016 Republican National Convention, where delegates of the US Republican Party select Donald Trump as nominee for President of the United States, held July 18–21, 2016, at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio

c. 19 July 2016 – Milo Yiannopoulos permanently banned from Twitter

22 July 2016 – US release date of Star Trek Beyond, directed by Justin Lin, and starring John Cho, Simon Pegg, Chris Pine, and Zachary Quinto

22 July 2016 – US release date of Absolutely Fabulous: The Movie, directed by Mandie Fletcher, and starring Jennifer Saunders and Joanna Lumley

22 July 2016 – the 2016 Munich shooting in the vicinity of the Olympia shopping mall at a McDonald’s restaurant in the Moosach district of Munich, Germany, in which 10 people (including the perpetrator David Sonboly) were killed and 36 others were injured

22 July 2016 – the 2016 Democratic National Committee email leak, a collection of Democratic National Committee (DNC) emails leaked to and then published by WikiLeaks

24 July 2016 – the 2016 Ansbach suicide bombing terrorist attack by a 27-year-old Syrian refugee outside a wine bar in Ansbach, Germany

25–28 July 2016 – the 2016 Democratic National Convention, held at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

26 July 2016 – two Islamist terrorists attack a Mass at a Catholic church in Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, Normandy, France, killing the 85-year-old priest Jacques Hamel

5–21 August 2016 – the 2016 Summer Olympics (the XXXI Olympiad) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

17 August 2016 – Steve Bannon appointed chief executive of Donald Trump’s presidential campaign; Bannon leaves Breitbart

19 August 2016 – US release date of the film Imperium, directed by Daniel Ragussis, and starring Daniel Radcliffe, Toni Collette, Tracy Letts, Nestor Carbonell, and Sam Trammell

19 August 2016 – US release date of Ben-Hur, directed by Timur Bekmambetov, and starring Jack Huston and Toby Kebbell

25 August 2016 – Hillary Clinton gives speech at a community college in Reno, Nevada, on Donald Trump’s connections to the far right and Alt-Right

5 September 2016 – death of Phyllis Schlafly at her home in Ladue, Missouri, at the age of 92

11 September 2016 – Hillary Clinton collapses after the 9/11 memorial service in New York

17 September 2016 – the Deir ez-Zor airport air raid, a series of 37 U.S.-led coalition airstrikes near the Deir ez-Zor Airport in eastern Syria on 17 September 2016 from 1:55 to 2:56 p.m. that killed between 90 and 106 Syrian Army soldiers and wounded 110 more; this causes an emergency UN security council meeting and the Syrian government to end a ceasefire after months of diplomatic efforts by the US and Russian governments

22 September–16 October 2016 – the Aleppo offensive by the Syrian Army aiming to capture all of rebel-held parts of the city of Aleppo; the Syrian Army takes 15–20% of rebel-held part of Aleppo

23 September 2016 – US release date of The Magnificent Seven, directed by Antoine Fuqua, and starring Denzel Washington, Chris Pratt, Ethan Hawke, Vincent D’Onofrio, and Lee Byung-hun

26 September 2016 – Monday: Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton engage in first presidential debate at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York, with Lester Holt as moderator

5 October 2016–28 November 2016 – Nigel Farage is Leader of the UK Independence Party

7 October 2016 – Friday, The Washington Post releases a video of presidential candidate Donald Trump’s lewd conversation with television host Billy Bush from 2005

7 October 2016 – WikiLeaks begins publishing thousands of emails from Podesta’s Gmail account

7 October 2016 – US release date of the film The Birth of a Nation, directed by Nate Parker, and starring Nate Parker, Armie Hammer, Mark Boone Junior, Colman Domingo

9 October 2016 – Sunday, the second presidential debate between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton at the Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri

13 October 2016 – Donald J. Trump’s speech at a rally at South Florida Fair Expo Center in West Palm Beach, Florida

17 October 2016 – the government of Ecuador severs the internet connection of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian embassy in London

18 October 2016 – release date of the documentary film Michael Moore in TrumpLand, with a premiere at the IFC Center in New York City, 11 days after it was shot at the Murphy Theatre in Wilmington, Ohio

28 October 2016 – James Comey sends a letter to Congress stating that the FBI was reviewing more emails of Hillary Clinton

28 October–12 November 2016 – the Aleppo offensive by rebel forces against Syrian government forces launched on the western outskirts of Aleppo to establish a new supply line into Aleppo

7 November 2016 – death of Janet Reno, former United States Attorney General (11 March 1993–20 January 2001)

8 November 2016 – the United States presidential election of 2016 between Donald Trump (Republican with Indiana Governor Mike Pence) and Hillary Clinton (Democratic, with U.S. Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine):
Candidate | Votes | Percentage | Electoral Vote
Donald J. Trump | 62,985,106 | 45.94% | 304
Hillary Clinton | 65,853,625 | 48.03% | 227
Gary Johnson | 4,489,233 | 3.27% | 0
Jill Stein | 1,457,222 | 1.06% | 0
Evan McMullin | 731,709 | 0.53% | 0
15 November–22 December 2016 – the final Aleppo offensive (named Operation Dawn of Victory) by Syrian government forces against rebel-held districts in Aleppo

19 November 2016 – controversial Alt Right figure Richard Spencer holds a National Policy Institute (NPI) annual conference in the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center in Washington, DC

6 December 2016 – controversial Alt Right figure Richard Spencer speaks at Texas A&M University in College Station, with mass protests

12 December 2016 – Bill Kristol announces he will resign as editor of the Weekly Standard

16 December 2016 – US release date of film Rogue One: A Star Wars Story directed by Gareth Edwards, and starring Felicity Jones, Diego Luna, Riz Ahmed, Ben Mendelsohn, Donnie Yen, Mads Mikkelsen, Alan Tudyk, Jiang Wen, and Forest Whitaker

19 December 2016 – the 2016 Christmas market Berlin attack in which a truck was deliberately driven into a Christmas market near the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church at Breitscheidplatz, Berlin, leaving 12 people dead and 56 others injured

22 December 2016 – the evacuation of Aleppo completed and the Syrian Army declares it had taken complete control of the city

25 December 2016 – US release date of Hidden Figures, directed by Theodore Melfi, and starring Taraji P. Henson, Octavia Spencer, Janelle Monáe, and Kevin Costner

25 December 2016 – broadcast date of “The Return of Doctor Mysterio,” the 2016 Doctor Who Christmas special, starring Peter Capaldi and Matt Lucas

2017
19 January 2017 – on the eve of Donald Trump’s inauguration, the pro-Trump organization MAGA3X holds a “DeploraBall,” in the National Press Club Building in Washington, D.C.; hundreds of anti-Trump protesters clash with police and attack DeploraBall attendees

20 January 2017– – Presidency of Donald Trump

20 January 2017 – inauguration of Donald Trump
Vice President
20 January 2017– Mike Pence

White House Chief of Staff
20 January 2017–27 July 2017 – Reince Priebus
31 July 2017– John F. Kelly

White House Chief Strategist
20 January 2017–18 August 2017 – Steve Bannon

White House Director of Communications
20 January–21 July 2017 – Sean Spicer
21 July–31 July 2017 – Anthony Scaramucci
16 August 2017– Hope Hicks (acting)

Senior Advisor to the President
20 January 2017– Jared Kushner (Strategic Planning)
20 January 2017– Stephen Miller (Policy)

Deputy Assistant to the President
20 January 2017– Sebastian Gorka

White House Counsel
20 January 2017– Don McGahn

White House Press Secretary
20 January 2017–21 July 2017 – Sean Spicer
26 July 2017– Sarah Huckabee Sanders

National Security Advisor
20 January–13 February 2017 – Michael Flynn
13–20 February 2017 – Keith Kellogg (acting)
20 February 2017 – Herbert Raymond “H. R.” McMaster

Deputy National Security Advisor
20 January 2017– K. T. McFarland (removed)
15 March 2017– Dina Powell

US Secretary of State
20 January–1 February 2017 – Tom Shannon (acting)
1 February 2017– Rex Tillerson

Secretary of Defense
20 January 2017– James Mattis

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
1 October 2015– General Joseph Dunford

United States Central Command (CENTCOM) Commander
31 October 2008–30 June 2010 – General David H. Petraeus
30 June 2010–11 August 2010 – John R. Allen
11 August 2010–22 March 2013 – General James Mattis
22 March 2013–30 March 2016 – General Lloyd Austin
30 March 2016– General Joseph Votel

Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
July 2012–August 2014 – Michael T. Flynn
August 2014–January 2015 – David Shedd
January 2015– Vincent R. Stewart

Secretary of the Treasury
20 January–13 February 2017– Adam Szubin (acting)
13 February 2017– Steven Mnuchin

Director of the Office of Management and Budget
20 January 2017–16 February 2017 – Mark Sandy
16 February 2017– Mick Mulvaney

Secretary of Education
20 January 2017–7 February 2017 – Phil Rosenfelt (acting)
7 February 2017– Betsy DeVos

Secretary of Commerce
28 February 2017– Wilbur L. Ross

Director of the National Trade Council
20 January 2017– Peter Navarro

Director of the National Economic Council
20 January 2017– Gary Cohn

US Attorney General
20–30 January 2017 – Sally Yates (acting)
30 January–9 February 2017 – Dana Boente (acting)
9 February 2017– Jeff Sessions

Chair of the Federal Reserve
1 February 2006–31 January 2014 – Ben Bernanke
1 February 2014– Janet Yellen

United States Secretary of Homeland Security
20 January 2017–31 July 2017 – John F. Kelly
31 July 2017– Elaine Duke (acting)

US Ambassador to the United Nations
20–27 January 2017 – Michele J. Sison (acting)
27 January 2017– Nikki Haley

Director of National Intelligence
5 August 2010–20 January 2017 – James R. Clapper
20 January 2017 – 16 March 2017 – Mike Dempsey (acting)
16 March 2017– Dan Coats

Director of Central Intelligence
8 March 2013–20 January 2017 – John Brennan
20–23 January 2017 – Meroe Park (acting)
23 January 2017– Mike Pompeo

Director of FBI
4 September 2013–9 May 2017 – James Comey
9 May 2017– – Andrew G. McCabe (acting)
Christopher A. Wray
23 January 2017 – President Trump withdraws from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) / Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA), a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam

25 January 2017 – death of John Hurt at his home in Cromer, Norfolk

27 January 2017 – President Trump signs an executive order (EO 13769) suspending admission of refugees for 120 days and denying entry to citizens of Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen for 90 days, because of security concerns about terrorism

28 January 2017 – US special forces operation in Yakla, Al Bayda province in central Yemen, first combat operation sanctioned by the Trump administration

30 January 2017 – acting US Attorney General Sally Yates is dismissed by the Trump administration after her refusal to enforce Executive Order 13769

1 February 2017 – Milo Yiannopoulos was scheduled to make a speech at UC Berkeley at 8:00 pm; but around 1,500 protesters shut down event

5 February 2017 – the 2017 Super Bowl LI, an American football game to determine the winner of 2016 National Football League (NFL) season; Atlanta Falcons (NFC) played against the New England Patriots (AFC); the New England Patriots win by 34 to 28

12 February 2017 – North Korea tests the Pukguksong-2, a new ballistic missile

13 February 2017 – Kim Jong Nam (older half-brother of Kim Jong Un) is killed in an airport in Malaysia

20 February 2017 – Simon & Schuster drops publication of Milo Yiannopoulos’ book Dangerous

21 February 2017 – Milo Yiannopoulos speaks during a news conference in New York

24 February 2017 – President Trump attends the 2017 Conservative Political Action Conference in Oxon Hill, Maryland and gives a speech

2 March 2017 – Thursday, President Trump visits the USS Gerald R. Ford aircraft carrier in Newport News shipyard, Virginia

4 March 2017 – Donald Trump announces on Twitter that Barack Obama used wire taps to spy on Trump in Trump Tower, New York before the election of 2016

6 March 2017 – President Trump signs Executive Order 13780, revoking and replacing EO 13769

10 March 2017 – US release date of the film Kong: Skull Island, directed by Jordan Vogt-Roberts

24 March 2017 – Paul Ryan withdraws his healthcare reform bill from the House of Representatives

29 March 2017 – invocation of Article 50 by the UK; the Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the European Union formally delivers a letter signed by Prime Minister Theresa May to Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council in Brussels

30 March 2017 – the first Senate Intelligence Committee open hearing into Russian interference in the US election of 2016

3 April 2017 – Jared Kushner and Marine General Joseph Dunford (chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff) visit Iraq

4 April 2017 – the Khan Shaykhun chemical attack: after a Syrian government military strike against the town of Khan Shaykhun, in the Idlib Governorate of Syria, which was controlled by the Tahrir al-Sham (formerly the al-Nusra Front, al-Qaeda's Syrian branch), a number of civilians die by chemical intoxication

6 April 2017 – the US launches about 60 Tomahawk missiles in an attack on the Syrian Shayrat airbase near Homs, Syria, in retaliation for the alleged use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime near Idlib; Chinese President Xi Jinping meets with Trump at Mar-a-Lago

10–11 April 2017 – G7 foreign ministers meet in Lucca, Tuscany in preparation for a the G7 summit

12 April 2017 – Vladimir Putin meets with US secretary of state Rex Tillerson in Moscow and meets Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov; they hold a joint press conference

12 April 2017 – President Trump holds a joint press conference at the White House with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg

13 April 2017 – the US uses a GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) bomb on an ISIS cave complex in Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan

15–16 April 2017 – tension between the US and North Korea over North Korea’s nuclear weapons program

15 April 2017 – UK broadcast date of “The Pilot,” first episode of series 10 of the British science fiction series Doctor Who

15 April 2017–1 July 2017 – UK broadcast period of series 10 of the British science fiction series Doctor Who, starring Peter Capaldi and Pearl Mackie:
15 April 2017 – “The Pilot”
22 April 2017 – “Smile”
29 April 2017 – “Thin Ice”
6 May 2017 – “Knock Knock”
13 May 2017 – “Oxygen”
20 May 2017 – “Extremis”
27 May 2017 – “The Pyramid at the End of the World”
3 June 2017 – “The Lie of the Land”
10 June 2017 – “The Empress of Mars”
17 June 2017 – “The Eaters of Light”
24 June 2017 – “World Enough and Time”
1 July 2017 – “The Doctor Falls”
15 April 2017 – violence and confrontation occurs at a “Patriots Day” rally in Martin Luther King Jr. Civic Center Park in Berkeley, California, between supporters of Donald Trump and Antifa and other left-wing activists, which resulted in 11 injuries and 20 arrests; around 150 marches were planned across the US on the same day to call on Trump to release his tax returns

18 April 2017 – UK Prime Minister Theresa May calls a snap UK general election for 8 June, 2017

18 April 2017 – controversial Alt Right figure Richard Spencer gives a speech at Auburn University amid protests by Antifa

21 April 2017 – last broadcast date of The O’Reilly Factor, a cable television news and talk show on Fox News hosted by Bill O’Reilly

23 April 2017 – first round of the 2017 French presidential election between Emmanuel Macron (En Marche!), Marine Le Pen (National Front), François Fillon (Republicans), Jean-Luc Mélenchon (La France insoumise), Benoît Hamon (Socialist Party), and Nicolas Dupont-Aignan (Debout la France):
Candidate | Votes | Percentage
Emmanuel Macron | 8,656,346 | 24.01%
Marine Le Pen | 7,678,491 | 21.30%
François Fillon | 7,212,995 | 20.01%
Jean-Luc Mélenchon | 7,059,951 | 19.58%
Benoît Hamon | 2,291,288 | 6.36%
Nicolas Dupont-Aignan | 1,695,000 | 4.70%
28 April 2017 – the first 100 days of the presidency of Donald Trump

5 May 2017 – US release date of the film Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, directed by James Gunn, and starring Chris Pratt, Zoe Saldana, Dave Bautista, Vin Diesel, Bradley Cooper, Michael Rooker, and Karen Gillan

6–7 May 2017 – second round of the 2017 French presidential election:
Candidate | Votes | Percentage of the Vote
Emmanuel Macron (En Marche!) | 20,753,798 | 66.06%
Marine Le Pen | 10,644,118 | 33.94%
9 May 2017 – the firing of James Comey as Director of the FBI by Donald Trump

17 May 2017 – deputy attorney general Rod J. Rosenstein of the US Justice Department appoints Robert S. Mueller III (former FBI director) as special counsel to investigate ties between President Trump’s campaign and Russia

19 May 2017 – US release date of the film Alien: Covenant, directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Michael Fassbender, Katherine Waterston, Billy Crudup, Danny McBride and Demián Bichir

19 May 2017 – Trump leaves Washington D.C. for Saudi Arabia on his first official foreign tour:
20 May 2017 – Trump received in Riyadh and is awarded Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour; Trump signs an arms deal worth $350 billion with Saudi Arabia
21 May 2017 – Trump delivers a speech to 50 leaders of Muslim-majority nations at an Arab Islamic American Summit at the King Abdulaziz Conference Centre in Riyadh
22 May 2017 – Trump meets Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu in Tel Aviv; Trump visits the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and visits the Western Wall
23 May 2017 – Trump visits Bethlehem in the West Bank and meets Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas; President Trump lands in Rome, Italy
24 May 2017 – Trump has a private meeting with Pope Francis at Vatican City; he meets Italian President Sergio Mattarella and Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni
25 May 2017 – Trump meets with European Council President Donald Tusk and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker at the European Council headquarters; Trump hosts a lunch meeting with Emmanuel Macron; at the new NATO headquarters Trump gives a speech to NATO leaders, and criticises member states for their levels of defence spending
26 May 2017 – Trump attends the G7 summit with world leaders in Taormina, Italy
22 May 2017 – the 2017 Manchester Arena terrorist attack, a suicide bombing at the Manchester Arena in Manchester, England, after a concert by American singer Ariana Grande

23 May 2017 – White House publishes President Trump’s first full budget proposal

23–24 May 2017 – student protests at Evergreen State College, in Olympia, Washington, USA, over Bret Weinstein’s response to the “Day of Absence” and involving the College President George Bridges

25 May 2017 – Milo Yiannopoulos and Pamela Geller lead a protest at The City University of New York (CUNY) against Linda Sarsour’s speaking engagement

25 May 2017 – a US Federal Appeals Court in Richmond, Virginia, refuses to reinstate President Trump’s travel ban; Justice Department announces they will take the case to the Supreme Court

26–27 May 2017 – the 43rd G7 summit, held in Taormina, Sicily, Italy; President Trump attends the G7 summit

26 May 2017 – US release date of the film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales, directed by Joachim Rønning and Espen Sandberg

1 June 2017 – Thursday, President Trump announces that the US will withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord

3 June 2017 – the June 2017 London attack in the Southwark district of London, England

8 June 2017 – Thursday, James Comey’s testimony to the Senate Intelligence Committee

8 June 2017 – the United Kingdom general election of 2017:
Party | Leader | Seats | Vote
Conservative Party | Theresa May | 317 | 42.3%
Labour Party | Jeremy Corbyn | 262 | 40.0%
Scottish National Party | Nicola Sturgeon | 35 | 3.0%
Liberal Democrats | Tim Farron | 12 | 7.4%
Democratic Unionist Party | Arlene Foster | 10 | 0.9%
Sinn Féin | Gerry Adams | 7 | 0.7%
Plaid Cymru | Leanne Wood | 4 | 0.5%
The Conservative Party loses its parliamentary majority with a hung parliament; the Conservatives form a minority Conservative government with Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) support

9 June 2017 – US release date of the film The Mummy, directed by Alex Kurtzman, and starring Tom Cruise and Russell Crowe

11 and 18 June 2017 – legislative elections in France to elect the 577 members of the 15th National Assembly of the French Fifth Republic

14 June 2017 – the 2017 Congressional baseball shooting in Alexandria, Virginia, in which James Thomas Hodgkinson opens fire as several Republican members of Congress were practising for the annual Congressional Baseball Game for Charity; House Majority Whip Steve Scalise of Louisiana is shot

26 June 2017 – Monday, the US Supreme Court grants an emergency request from the White House that allows many parts of the refugee ban to go into effect; the Supreme Court to rule in October on whether ban should be upheld or struck down

29 June 2017 – President Trump’s partial travel ban comes into effect at 8 pm

30 June 2017 – Trump signs an executive order reviving the National Space Council

2 July 2017 – 6:21 AM, Donald Trump tweets an edited video of himself from WrestleMania in which he wrestles and punches a figure whose head is replaced by the CNN logo

7–8 July 2017 – the 2017 G20 Hamburg summit, the 12th meeting of the Group of Twenty (G20) in the city of Hamburg, Germany, attended by Donald Trump

16 July 2017 – Jodie Whittaker is announced as the new actor playing Doctor Who, replacing Peter Capaldi

12 August 2017 – the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Virginia

18 August 2017 – Steve Bannon leaves his White House position of White House Chief Strategist after his resignation on 4 August 2017

21 August 2017 – Monday, total solar eclipse visible within the entire contiguous United States, from the Pacific to the Atlantic coast

22 August 2017 – Donald Trump’s campaign rally and speech in Phoenix, Arizona

23 September 2017 – the 2017 New Zealand general election:
Party | Votes | Percentage
National | 998,813 | 46.03%
Labour | 776,556 | 35.79%
NZ First | 162,988 | 7.51%
Green | 126,995 | 5.85%
ACT | 10,959 | 0.51%
24 September 2017 – the German federal election of 2017

24–27 September 2017 – the annual conference of the UK Labour party in Brighton Centre, Brighton

2018
6 November 2018 – the 2018 US midterm elections, in which 435 seats in the US House of Representatives and 33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate are contested

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