Monday, January 15, 2018

Chronology of the 13th Century

October 1202–April 1204 – Fourth Crusade, called by Pope Innocent III, to reconquer Jerusalem by an invasion through Egypt; the Crusaders sacked Constantinople

12–13 April 1204 – capture of Constantinople

1205–1235 – Andrew II of Hungary
Árpád Dynasty (c. 895–1301)
1196–30 November 1204 – Emeric
1204–7 May 1205 – Ladislaus III
1205–1235 – Andrew II
21 September 1235–3 May 1270 – Béla IV
1270–6 August 1272 – Stephen V of Hungary
1272–10 July 1290 – Ladislaus IV
1290–14 January 1301 – Andrew III
21 October 1209 – coronation of Otto IV as Holy Roman Emperor

21 October 1209–1215 – Otto IV is Holy Roman Emperor

1211 – Andrew II of Hungary gives the Teutonic Knights the Burzenland

1211–1225 – Teutonic Knights based in the Burzenland

1212–1220 – Frederick II is King of Germany:
King of the Romans
21 October 1209–1215 – Otto IV is Holy Roman Emperor
1212–1220 – Frederick II is King of Germany
1215 – abdication of Otto IV as Holy Roman Emperor
22 November 1220–13 December 1250 – Frederick II is Holy Roman Emperor
May 1237–21 May 1254 – Conrad IV

1254–1273 – the Interregnum in Germany
Habsburg
29 September 1273–15 July 1291 – Rudolf I
27 July 1298–1 May 1308 – Albert I
1215 – abdication of Otto IV as Holy Roman Emperor

23 August 1217–1221 – the Fifth Crusade, an attack on the Ayyubid state in Egypt

22 November 1220–13 December 1250 – Frederick II is Holy Roman Emperor

1225 – Andrew II expels the Teutonic Knights from Transylvania (they go to the Baltic Sea)

1230–1246 – Frederick II (Frederick the Quarrelsome) is Duke of Austria and Styria:
House of Babenberg
1198–1230 – Leopold VI the Glorious
1230–1246 – Frederick II
Interregnum
1246–1247 – Vladislaus of Moravia
1248–1250 – Herman VI of Baden
1250–1268 – Frederick I of Baden
1251–1278 – Ottokar II of Bohemia
House of Habsburg
1278–1282 – Rudolf I
1282–1308 – Albert I
1282–1283 – Rudolf II the Debonair
1298–1307 – Rudolf III the Good
1308–1330 – Frederick I the Fair
21 September 1235 – death of Andrew II of Hungary

21 September 1235–3 May 1270 – reign of Béla IV of Hungary

May 1237–21 May 1254 – Conrad IV of Germany is King of Germany and King of the Romans

1241–1242 – the Mongol invasion of Europe

11 April 1241 – the battle of Mohi (Battle of the Tisza River) in which the Mongols defeat the Hungarians

1250–1517 – the Mamluk Sultanate based in Egypt:
Sultans
31 July 1250–10 April 1257 – Al-Malik al-Mu’izz
15 April 1257–November 1259 – Al-Malik al-Mansur
November 1259–24 October 1260 – Al-Malik al-Muzaffar
24 October 1260–1 July 1277 – Al-Malik az-Zahir (Rukn ad-Din Baybars)
3 July 1277–August 1279 – Al-Malik as-Sa’id
August–November 1279 – Al-Malik al-Adil
November 1279–10 November 1290 – Al-Malik al-Mansur

1254–1273 – the Interregnum in Germany

29 January–10 February 1258 – the siege of Baghdad of the Abbasid Caliphate by Ilkhanate Mongols under Hulagu Khan

13 February 1258 – beginning of the Mongol sack of Baghdad

3 September 1260 – battle of Ain Jalut between the Muslim Mamluks and Mongols in southeastern Galilee, in the Jezreel Valley

25 July 1261 – reconquest of Constantinople by Michael VIII:
Palaiologos Emperors
15 August 1261–11 December 1282 – Michael VIII Palaiologos
11 December 1282–24 May 1328 – Andronikos II Palaiologos
1328–15 June 1341 – Andronikos III Palaiologos
15 June 1341–12 August 1376 – John V Palaiologos
1 July 1379–14 April 1390 – John V Palaiologos
1270–6 August 1272 – reign of Stephen V of Hungary

1272–10 July 1290 – Ladislaus IV of Hungary

29 September 1273–15 July 1291 – Rudolf I is King of the Romans

1290–14 January 1301 – Andrew III of Hungary

5 May 1292–23 June 1298 – Adolf is King of the Romans

27 July 1298–1 May 1308 – Albert I is King of the Romans

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