Friday, May 18, 2012

Bibliography of Lexicons and Grammars for Classical Latin

There are good surveys in David M. Schaps, Handbook for Classical Research, (Routledge, London and New York, 2011); and Fred W. Jenkins, Classical Studies: A Guide to the Reference Literature (2nd edn.; Libraries Unlimited, Westport, Conn. and London, 2006).


I. Latin Lexicons and Dictionaries
I.1 Etymological Dictionaries

Ernout, Alfred and Alfred Meillet. 2001. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: histoire des mots (repr. of 4th edn. with additions and corrections), Klincksieck, Paris.

Vaan, Michiel Arnoud Cor de. 2008. Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages, Brill, Leiden and Boston.
This is now the standard work on Latin etymology.

Walde, Alois. 1938–1956. Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (3 vols.; 3rd edn. by J. B. Hofmann), Winter, Heidelberg.

I.2 Classical and Late Latin Lexicons and Dictionaries

Axelson, Bertil. 1945. Unpoetische Wörter: ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der lateinischen Dichtersprache, H.Ohlssons boktryckeri, Lund.

Estienne, Robert, 1543. Dictionarium: seu Latinae Linguae Thesaurus (2nd. edn.), ex officina Roberti Stephani, Paris.
An old work by Robert Estienne, which is available online at Gallica.

Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, 1900– , B. G. Teubner, Leipzig
v.1. A–Amyzon; vol. 2. an–Byzeres; vol. 3. C–comus; vol. 4. con–cyulus; vol. 5. D–E; vol. 6. F–H; vol. 7. I-L; vol. 8. M; vol. 9.2. O; vol. 10. P–Praemonenda.
The TLL most detailed, authoritative work for Latin. It was begun 100 years ago and is up to the letter “p,” with etymologies, definitions, all attested spellings, what authors use the word, and specialised definitions. It is written in Latin.

Glare, P. G. W. (ed.). 1996. Oxford Latin Dictionary (repr. with corrections), Clarendon, Oxford.

Glare, P. G. W. (ed.). 2012. Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd edn.), Oxford University Press, Oxford.
The most recent edition.

Glossa, A Latin Dictionary (based on Lewis and Short)

An online version of Lewis and Short’s A Latin Dictionary

Lewis, Charlton T. 1999. An Elementary Latin Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Lewis, Charlton T. and Charles Short. 1998. A Latin Dictionary (based Andrews’ edition of Freund’s Latin dictionary), Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Simpson, D. P. 1977. Cassell’s Latin Dictionary: Latin–English, English–Latin, Macmillan, New York.

Smith, William and Theophilus D. Hall. 2000. Smith’s English-Latin Dictionary, Bolchazy-Carducci, Wauconda, Illinois.

Souter, Alexander. 1957. A Glossary of Later Latin to 600 A. D. (corr. edn.), Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Souter, Alexander. 1996. A Glossary of Later Latin to 600 A. D. (special edition), Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Quicherat, Louis and Émile Chatelain. 1967 [1922]. Thesaurus Poeticus Linguae Latinae, Georg Olms, Hildesheim.

I.3 Medieval Latin Lexicons and Dictionaries

Blatt, Franz. 1957– . Novum Glossarium mediae Latinitatis: ab anno DCCC usque MCC Munksgaard, Hafniae.
One of the two best, most recent works for medieval Latin, but not yet complete. See also Mittellateinisches Wörterbuch bis zum ausgehenden 13. Jahrhundert.

du Cange, Charles du Fresne. 1883–1887. Glossarium ad scriptores mediae et infimae latinitatis (10 vols; exp. edn), Niort.
An older work for medieval Latin.

Forcellini, Egidio et al. 1771. Totius Latinitatis Lexicon, Typis Seminarii, Padua

Mittellateinisches Wörterbuch bis zum ausgehenden 13. Jahrhundert, 1959– . Beck, Munich.
One of the two best, most recent works for medieval Latin, but not yet complete. See also Blatt (1957– ).

Niermeyer, J. F. and C. van de Kieft. 2002. Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon minus (2 vols.; 2nd rev. edn by J. W. J. Burgers), Brill, Leiden.

Scheller, I. J. G. 1835. Lexicon Totius Latinitatis: A Dictionary of the Latin Language (based on orig. German edn. by I. J. G. Scheller; rev. and trans. into English by J. E. Riddle), University Press, Oxford 1835.

II. Latin Grammar and Syntax
II.1 Latin Grammars

Allen, J. H. and J. B. Greenough. 2006. Allen and Greenough’s New Latin Grammar, Dover Publications, Mineola, N.Y. 2006.

Bennett, Charles E. 1918. New Latin Grammar, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.

Latin Word Study Tool

An online resource to parse Latin words.

William Whitaker’s Words

A parsing website with basic dictionary.

Devine, A. M. and Laurence D. Stephens. 2006. Latin Word Order: Structured Meaning and Information, Oxford University Press, New York.

Gildersleeve, Basil L. and Gonzalez Lodge. 1997. Latin Grammar (3rd rev. edn. rev.), Bristol Classical Press, London.

Goldman, Norma W. 2004. English Grammar for Students of Latin: The Study Guide for Those Learning Latin (3rd edn.), Olivia and Hill Press, Ann Arbor, Mich.

Hale, William Gardner and Carl Darling Buck. 1966. A Latin Grammar, U.P., Alabama.

Hale, William Gardner and Carl Darling Buck. 2010. A Latin Grammar, Nabu Press.
A recent reprinting.

Krebs, Johann Philipp. 1962. Antibarbarus der lateinischen Sprache (2 vols.), B. Schwabe, Basel.
A book on the nuances of Latin words.

Kühner, Raphael and Carl Stegmann. 1912. Ausführliche Grammatik der lateinischen Sprache (2nd edn.), Hahnsche Buchhandlung, Hannover.
This is considered by many to be the best, most detailed Latin grammar.

Leumann, M., Hofmann, J. B. and A. Szantyr. 1977. Lateinische Grammatik (2 vols.), Beck, Munich.

Menge, Hermann. 2007. Lehrbuch der lateinischen Syntax und Semantik (3rd edn.), Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt.

Moreland, Floyd L. and Rita M. Fleischer. 1990. Latin: An Intensive Course (9th pr. with corrections), University of California Press, Berkeley and London.

Schad, Samantha. 2007. A Lexicon of Latin Grammatical Terminology, Fabrizio Serra, Pisa.

Stearn, W. T. 2004. Botanical Latin: History, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology, and Vocabulary (4th edn), Newton Abbot : Portland, Ore.

Woodcock, E. C. 1985. A New Latin Syntax, Bristol Classical Press, Bristol.

II.2 Comparative Grammars

Buck, Carl. 1962. Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, University Press, Chicago.
Now out of date.

Sihler, Andrew L. 2008. New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
The best modern treatment.

III. Latin Pronunciation
Allen, W. S. 2004. Vox Latina: A Guide to the Pronunciation of Classical Latin (2nd edn), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Barsby, J. A. 1983. “The Pronunciation of Latin,” Classicum 9.1, 14–16.

Brittain, F. 1955. Latin in Church: The History of its Pronunciation (rev. edn.), Mowbray for the Alcuin Club, London.

Copeman, H. 1996. Singing in Latin, or, Pronunciation Explor’d (rev. edn), H. Copeman, Oxford.

Sargeaunt, J., and Bradley, H. 1920. The Pronunciation of English Words Derived from the Latin, Oxford.

Walker, John. 1798. A Key to the Classical Pronunciation of Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Names, London.

Walker, J. 1831. A Key to the Classical Pronunciation of Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Names (rev. edn. by W. Trollope), London.

Westaway, F. W. 1930. Quantity and Accent in Latin: An Introduction to the Reading of Latin Aloud (2nd edn.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

IV. Websites

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